reference

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈrɛfərəns/

US:USA pronuncation: IPAUSA pronuncation: IPA/ˈrɛfərəns, ˈrɛfrəns/

US:USA pronunciation: respellingUSA pronunciation: respelling(refər əns, refrəns)


Inflections of 'reference' (v): (⇒ conjugate)
references
v 3rd person singular
referencing
v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
referenced
v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed."
referenced
v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked."

WordReference English-Arabic Dictionary © 2020:

ترجمات رئيسية
الإنجليزيةالعربية
reference nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (dictionary, encyclopedia, etc.)مرجع
 The scholar consulted many references, including specialized glossaries.
 استخدم الباحث عدة مراجع، بما في ذلك المسارد المتخصصة.
reference nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (mention, allusion)إشارة، ذكر، إتيان على ذكر
 Ellen's reference to the previous director caused an awkward silence.
 ذكر إيلي إلى المدير السابق سبب صمتًا محرجًا.
reference nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (act of referring)إحالة
 The reference from the doctor led me to the specialist.
 أوصلتني إحالة الطبيب إلى المعالِج المتخصص.
 
ترجمات إضافية
الإنجليزيةالعربية
reference nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. uncountable (consulting: a book, etc.)رجوع
 The report was filed for future reference.
reference nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (indication to consult another work)إشارة
 We included a reference to another study.
reference nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (work consulted)مرجع
 The report cited several references.
 أشار التقرير إلى عدة مراجع
reference nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (authority, [sb] consulted)مرجع، مرجع ثقة
 The scientist was a reference for the project.
reference nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (relation)علاقة
reference nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (recommendation letter)توصية
 The boss wrote a letter of reference.
reference nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. US (person giving a recommendation)مزكٍّ
 He was asked to act as a reference for his former student.
reference [sth] vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (list sources for)يدرج شيئًا كمصدر
 You must correctly reference all the books you have consulted in the bibliography.
reference [sth/sb] vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (refer to)يرجع إلى شيء
 Please reference the sources.
  هل هناك شيء مهم ناقص؟ أبلغ عن خطأ أو اقترح تحسينًا.

WordReference English-Arabic Dictionary © 2020:

صيغ مركبة:
الإنجليزيةالعربية
cross reference nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (reference between texts)إحالة
cross-reference [sth] vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (refer back to: a text)يحيل إلى شيء
cross-reference [sth] to [sth] vtr + prep (refer between: texts)يحيل شيئًا إلى شيء
frame of reference,
reference frame
nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc.
(viewpoint)أساس، مرجع
 A good education provides a frame of reference that enables students to make good choices for a lifetime.
make reference to vtrtransitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." "She found the cat." (mention, allude to)ينوه إلى، يشير إلى
 During his speech he made reference to his family.
reference book nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (book consulted for information)مرجع
 Sales of expensive reference books have fallen now that the internet's so widely available.
reference letter nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (statement in support of a job candidate)كتاب مرجعية
 When my former assistant applied for a better job, she asked me for a reference letter.
reference mark nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (for a footnote, etc.)إشارة مرجع، حاشية
 Students must follow the university's style rules when including reference marks in their essays.
reference to nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (mention of, allusion to)مرجع لـ
 The president made a reference to comments in the press about his conduct.
reference work nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (book consulted for information)كتاب مرجعي
 The Encyclopædia Britannica is a serious reference work.
reference source nnoun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (reference, book)مرجع
 The Encyclopaedia Britannica is a respected reference source.
 تُعتبر الموسوعة البريطانية مرجعًا محترمًا.
  هل هناك شيء مهم ناقص؟ أبلغ عن خطأ أو اقترح تحسينًا.
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متصاحبات لفظية: reference the [textbook, study, dictionary, index, internet], [author, source, cross, medical, published] references, a reference [map, guide, point, library], وكذلك.....

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