vassal

UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈvæsəl/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/ˈvæsəl/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(vasəl)


WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
vas•sal /ˈvæsəl/USA pronunciation   n. 
    [countable]
  1. World History(in the feudal system of the Middle Ages) a person who is given permission to use land in return for promising loyalty and usually military service to a lord or other superior.
  2. a person holding some similar relation to a superior; a subordinate.

adj. [before a noun]
  1. World Historyhaving the status of a vassal:the superpowers and their vassal states.
vas•sal•age /ˈvæsəlɪdʒ/USA pronunciation  n. [uncountable]

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
vas•sal  (vasəl),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. World History(in the feudal system) a person granted the use of land, in return for rendering homage, fealty, and usually military service or its equivalent to a lord or other superior;
    feudal tenant.
  2. a person holding some similar relation to a superior;
    a subject, subordinate, follower, or retainer.
  3. a servant or slave.

adj. 
  1. World Historyof, pertaining to, or characteristic of a vassal.
  2. World Historyhaving the status or position of a vassal.
vassal•less, adj. 
  • Celtic; compare Welsh gwas young man, Irish foss servant) + -allus noun, nominal suffix
  • Medieval Latin vassallus, equivalent. to vass(us) servant (
  • Middle French
  • Middle English 1300–50

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
vassal /ˈvæsəl/ n
  1. (in feudal society) a man who entered into a personal relationship with a lord to whom he paid homage and fealty in return for protection and often a fief. A great vassal was in vassalage to a king and a rear vassal to a great vassal
  2. a person, nation, etc, in a subordinate, suppliant, or dependent position relative to another
  3. (as modifier): vassal status
adj
  1. of or relating to a vassal
Etymology: 14th Century: via Old French from Medieval Latin vassallus, from vassus servant, of Celtic origin; compare Welsh gwas boy, Old Irish foss servant
'vassal' also found in these entries (note: many are not synonyms or translations):
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