take/teɪk/USA pronunciationv.,took/tʊk/USA pronunciation tak•en/ˈteɪkən/USA pronunciation tak•ing,n. v.
to get into one's possession by one's action:[~ + object]took a pen and began to write.
to hold or grip with the hands:[~ + object]She took my hand and shook it vigorously.
to seize or capture:[~ + object]to take a prisoner.
to catch or get (game, etc.), esp. by killing:[~ + object]Regulations forbid hunters from taking more than one animal per month.
to pick or choose from a number of alternatives; select:[~ + object]She'll take white wine with her dinner.
to receive or accept (a person) into some relation, as marriage:[~ + object]Do you take her to be your lawful wedded wife?
to receive or react to in a certain manner:[~ + object]She took his death hard.
to obtain from a source; derive:[not: be + ~-ing; ~ + object]The book takes its title from a song by Franz Schubert.
to obtain as compensation for injury done (usually to oneself):[~ + object]to take revenge.
to receive into the body, as by inhaling or swallowing:[~ + object]to take a pill.
to do, perform, etc.:[~ + object]She took a hot bath.
to use to add flavoring:[~ + object]Do you take sugar in your coffee?
to undergo:[~ + object]to take a heat treatment.
to endure or submit to without complaining or weakening:[~ + object]Can't you take a joke?
to remove by death; to end (a life):[~ + object]The flood took many victims.
to subtract or deduct:[~ + object]to take 2 from 5.
to carry with one:[~ + object]Are you taking an umbrella?
to carry from one place to another; convey or transport:[~ + object]Can you take the kids to school?
to use as a means of transportation:[~ + object]We took the number 15 bus.
to serve as a means of conducting; to go in the direction of:[not: be + ~-ing; ~ + object]Fifth Avenue takes you right through the midtown area.
to go into or enter:[~ + object]Take the road to the left.
to bring about a change in the condition of:[~ + object]Her talent and ambition took her to the top.
to come upon suddenly; catch:[~ + object]to take a thief by surprise.
to attack or affect with or as if with a disease:[~ + object]taken with a fit of laughter.
to (cause to) be absorbed or be stuck to; be susceptible to: [~ + object]The cloth will not take a dye.[no object]The dye wouldn't take on that cloth.
to require; call for; need; necessitate: [~ + object]This wood takes three coats of paint.[It + ~ + object + to + verb]It takes courage to do that.
to proceed to occupy:[~ + object]Take a seat.
to use up; consume: [~ + object(+to+verb)]:I took just ten minutes to solve that problem.[~ (+ object) + object]Solving the problem took (me) only ten minutes.[It+~ (+ object) + object (+ to + verb)]It took (me) only ten minutes to solve the problem.
to act or perform:[~ + object]to take the part of the hero.
Photography to make (a video, etc.) (of):[~ + object]to take home movies.
to write down:[~ + object]to take notes.
to apply oneself to; study:[~ + object]to take a history course.
to deal with; treat:[~ + object]He promised to take the matter under consideration.
to determine by recording, asking, examining, measuring, etc.:[~ + object]The doctor took my pulse.
to have or experience (a feeling, etc.):[~ + object]She took pride in her appearance.
to grasp or apprehend mentally: [~ + object + as + object]Don't take the remark as an insult.[~ + object + to + verb]I take your silence to mean that you agree.
to accept the statements of:[~ + object]She took him at his word.
to assume as a fact:[~ + it + (that) clause]I take it that you won't be there.
to regard or consider: [~ + object + to + be + noun]I took them to be Frenchmen; weren't they?[~ + object + to + be + adjective]I took them to be wealthy enough to afford the house.
Games to capture or win in a game (a piece, etc.):[~ + object]The chess grandmaster took his opponent's queen.
Informal Termsto cheat, swindle, or victimize:[~ + object]The car salesman took us for about $500.
to win or obtain money from:[~ + object]He took me for $10 in the poker game.
to have sexual intercourse with:[~ + object]He wanted to take her then and there.
Grammar to be used with (a certain grammatical form, case, etc.):[not: be + ~ -ing;~ + object]This verb takes an object.
to catch or engage, as a mechanical device:[no object]We heard the engine clicking, but it just wouldn't take.
Botany to begin to grow, as a plant:[no object]He gave us some cuttings, but they just wouldn't take.
to have the intended result or effect:[no object]Fortunately the vaccination took, and the fever went down.
to fall or become:[not: be + ~ -ing;~ + adjective]He took sick.
take (someone) aback,[~ + object + aback] to surprise or shock:taken aback by her hostility.
take after,[~ + after + object]
to resemble (another person), as in appearance, behavior, etc.:My daughters take after my wife.
to follow or chase:The police took after him.
to disassemble, as by separating (something) into small pieces: [~ + object + apart]to take a clock apart.[~ + apart + object]to take apart a clock.
to examine closely and criticize severely; attack: [~ + apart + object]took apart those arguments one after another.[~ + object + apart]He took them apart.
to remove: [~ + away + object]The waiter came and took away the food.[~ + object + away]He took the food away.
[~ + away + from + object] to detract (from):He tried to take away from her achievements by saying she was just lucky.
to regain possession of: [~ + back + object]The army took back the town.[~ + object + back]to take it back.
to return, as for exchange: [~ + object + back]Take it back to the store if it doesn't fit.[~ + object + back]She took the dress back because it didn't fit.
[~ + object + back] to allow to return; resume a relationship with:Will his wife take him back?
[~ + object + back] to cause to remember:The song took me back to my teen years.
to retract: [~ + back + object]to take back a statement.[~ + object + back]What did you call her? You'd better take it back!
to write down; record: [~ + down + object]to take down a speech.[~ + object + down]to take it all down.
[~ + object + down] to reduce the pride of:to take him down a peg.
to change (a garment) so as to make smaller or tighter: [~ + in + object]to take in a dress.[~ + object + in]to take it in a few inches.
to provide a place to live for: [~ + in + object]She took in every stray cat that came her way.[~ + object + in]always took the cats in.
to grasp the meaning of; comprehend: [~ + in + object]Do you think he took in everything we said?[~ + object + in]Did he take it all in?
to observe; notice: [~ + in + object]He stood there taking in the busy scene.[~ + object + in]He stood there taking it all in.
to deceive; trick; cheat: [~ + object + in]She took us in with that scheme.[~ + in + object]Has she taken in anyone else with it?
[~ + in + object] to visit or attend, as for entertainment:to take in a show.
[~ + in + object] to receive as proceeds, as from business:The company took in enough profits last year to break even.[~ + object + in]to take it in.
to remove: [~ + off + object]Take off your coat.[~ + object + off]Take your coat off.
[no object] to leave the ground and rise into the air:The plane took off.
Informal Terms[no object] to depart; leave:The man took off before we could ask him who he was.
to subtract, as a discount; deduct: [~ + off + object]The store took off 20 percent.[~ + object + off]taking 20 percent off the price.
[no object] to achieve sudden, noticeable growth, etc.:Sales took off just before Christmas.
to hire; employ: [~ + on + object]to take on new workers.[~ + object + on]to take new workers on.
to undertake; begin (work): [~ + on + object]took on extra work to pay the bills.[~ + object + on]How can he take so much volunteer work on?
[~ + on + object] to gain or acquire:The word "homeowner'' took on a whole new meaning when she became one.
to accept as a challenge or opponent: [~ + on + object]weren't afraid to take on big business.[~ + object +on]"I'm not afraid to take the champ on!'' the boxer shouted.
to withdraw; remove: [~ + out + object]She took out library books for the children.[~ + object + out]The doctor took my appendix out.
to deduct: [~ + out + object]The government takes out income taxes from your paycheck.[~ + object + out]to take the taxes out.
to buy or obtain by applying: [~ + out + object]to take out insurance.[~ + object + out]to take insurance out on the house.
to escort, as on a date: [~ + object + out]took her out on a couple of dates.[~ + out + object]He took out several girls before he found the right one.
[no object] to set out; start:We took out after them just as the sun rose.
Slang Termsto kill or destroy: [~ + out + object]The pilots took out their targets.[~ + object + out]threatened to take them out if they talked to the cops.
Idioms, Informal Termstake (something) out on (someone), to cause (another) to suffer for (one's own misfortune, etc.): [~ + out + object + on + object]He took out his frustration on his children.[~ + object + out + on + object]I know you're upset, but don't take it out on the kids!
take over, to assume management of or responsibility for: [no object]Who will take over when you retire?[~ + over + object]Who will take over the company when you retire?[~ + object + over]Can they take the company over without a controlling interest?
Idiomstake to,[~ + to + object]
to devote oneself to; use or do as a habit:to take to drink.
to begin to like:They took to each other at once.
to go to:She took to her bed, sick with fever.
to have recourse to; resort to:took to stealing cars.
to occupy oneself with the study of: [~ + up + object]She took up medicine as a career.[~ + object + up]took it up as a career.
to fill or occupy (space, etc.): [~ + up + object]The word "take'' will take up at least a page in this dictionary.[~ + object + up]This work takes all my time up.
to continue; resume: [no object]We took up where we had left off.[~ + up + object]Let's take up the story where we left off.[~ + object + up]Let's take it up at chapter five.
to raise for discussion or consideration: [~ + object + up]We'll take this up with our lawyers.[~ + up + object]Let's take up the next issue.
[~ + up + object] to undertake; assume:He took up the duties of the presidency.
to make (clothes) shorter or tighter, as by hemming: [~ + up + object]He took up the slacks a few inches.[~ + object + up]He took the slacks up.
Informal Termstake up with,[~ + up + with + object] to keep company with:She's taken up with the wrong crowd of kids.
Idiomstake (something) upon oneself,[~ + object + upon + oneself] to assume (something) as a responsibility:Dad took it upon himself to visit her every day in the hospital.
to get into one's hold or possession by voluntary action:to take a cigarette out of a box; to take a pen and begin to write.
to hold, grasp, or grip:to take a book in one's hand; to take a child by the hand.
to get into one's hands, possession, control, etc., by force or artifice:to take a bone from a snarling dog.
to seize or capture:to take an enemy town; to take a prisoner.
to catch or get (fish, game, etc.), esp. by killing:to take a dozen trout on a good afternoon.
to pick from a number; select:Take whichever you wish.
to receive and accept willingly (something given or offered):to take a compliment with a smile; to take a bribe.
to receive or be the recipient of (something bestowed, administered, etc.):to take first prize.
to accept and act upon or comply with:to take advice; to take a dare.
to receive or accept (a person) into some relation:to take someone in marriage; to take new members once a year.
to receive, react, or respond to in a specified manner:Although she kept calm, she took his death hard.
to receive as a payment or charge:He refused to take any money for the use of his car.
to gain for use by payment, lease, etc.:to take a box at the opera; to take a beach house for a month.
to secure regularly or periodically by payment:to take a magazine.
to get or obtain from a source; derive:The book takes its title from Dante.
to extract or quote:He took whole passages straight from Dickens.
to obtain or exact as compensation for some wrong:to take revenge.
to receive into the body or system, as by swallowing or inhaling:to take a pill; to take a breath of fresh air.
to have for one's benefit or use:to take a meal;to take a nap;to take a bath.
to use as a flavoring agent in a food or beverage:to take sugar in one's coffee.
to be subjected to; undergo:to take a heat treatment.
to endure or submit to with equanimity or without an appreciable weakening of one's resistance:to take a joke; unable to take punishment.
to enter into the enjoyment of (recreation, a holiday, etc.):to take a vacation.
to carry off without permission:to take something that belongs to another.
to remove:to take the pins out of one's hair.
to remove by death:The flood took many families.
to end (a life):She took her own life.
to subtract or deduct:If you take 2 from 5, that leaves 3.
to carry with one:Take your lunch with you. Are you taking an umbrella?
to convey in a means of transportation:We took them for a ride in the country.
(of a vehicle) to convey or transport:Will this bus take me across town?
(of a road, path, etc.) to serve as a means of conducting to or through some place or region:Fifth Avenue took us through the center of town. These stairs will take you up to the attic.
to bring about a change in the state or condition of:Her ambition and perseverance took her quickly to the top of her field.
to conduct or escort:to take someone out for dinner.
to set about or succeed in getting over, through, or around (some obstacle); clear; negotiate:The horse took the hedge easily. He took the corner at top speed.
to come upon suddenly; catch:to take someone by surprise.
to get or contract; catch:He took cold over the weekend. I took a chill.
to attack or affect, as with a disease:suddenly taken with a fit of coughing.
to be capable of attaining as a result of some action or treatment:Most leathers take a high polish.
to absorb or become impregnated with; be susceptible to:Waxed paper will not take ink. This cloth takes dye.
to attract and hold:The red sweater took his eye. The urgent voice took her attention.
to captivate or charm:The kitten took my fancy.
to require:It takes courage to do that. The climb took all our strength.
to employ for some specified or implied purpose:to take measures to curb drugs.
to use as a means of transportation:to take a bus to the ferry.
to get on or board (a means of transportation) at a given time or in a given place:She takes the train at Scarsdale.
to proceed to occupy:to take a seat.
to occupy; fill (time, space, etc.):His hobby takes most of his spare time. The machine takes a lot of room.
to use up; consume:This car takes a great deal of oil. He took ten minutes to solve the problem.
to avail oneself of:He took the opportunity to leave. She took the time to finish it properly.
to do, perform, execute, etc.:to take a walk.
to go into or enter:Take the next road to the left.
to adopt and enter upon (a way, course, etc.):to take the path of least resistance.
to act or perform:to take the part of the hero.
Photographyto make (a reproduction, picture, or photograph):to take home movies of the children.
Photographyto make a picture, esp. a photograph, of:The photographer took us sitting down.
to write down:to take a letter in shorthand; to take notes at a lecture.
to apply oneself to; study:to take ballet; She took four courses in her freshman year.
to deal with; treat:to take things in their proper order.
to proceed to handle in some manner:to take a matter under consideration.
to assume or undertake (a function, duty, job, etc.):The mayor took office last month.
to assume or adopt (a symbol, badge, or the like) as a token of office:to take the veil; to take the throne.
to assume the obligation of; be bound by:to take an oath.
to assume or adopt as one's own:to take someone's part in an argument; He took the side of the speaker.
to assume or appropriate as if by right:to take credit for someone else's work.
to accept the burden of:She took the blame for his failure.
to determine by inquiry, examination, measurement, scientific observation, etc.:to take someone's pulse; to take a census.
to make or carry out for purposes of yielding such a determination:to take someone's measurements; to take a seismographic reading.
to begin to have; experience (a certain feeling or state of mind):to take pride in one's appearance.
to form and hold in the mind:to take a gloomy view.
to grasp or apprehend mentally; understand; comprehend:Do you take my meaning, sir?
to understand in a specified way:You shouldn't take the remark as an insult.
to grasp the meaning of (a person):if we take him correctly.
to accept the statements of:to take him at his word.
to assume as a fact:I take it that you will be there.
to regard or consider:They were taken to be wealthy.
to capture or win (a piece, trick, etc.) in a game.
Informal Termsto cheat, swindle, or victimize:They really take people in that shop. The museum got taken on that painting.
to win or obtain money from:He took me for $10 in the poker game.
(of a man) to have sexual intercourse with.
Grammarto be used with (a certain form, accent, case, mood, etc.):a verb that always takes an object.
Lawto acquire property, as on the happening of an event:They take a fortune under the will.
Sport[Baseball.](of a batter) to allow (a pitch) to go by without swinging at it:He took a third strike.
to catch or engage, as a mechanical device:She turned the key and heard a click as the catch took.
Botanyto strike root or begin to grow, as a plant.
to adhere, as ink, dye, or color.
(of a person or thing) to win favor or acceptance:a new TV show that took with the public.
to have the intended result or effect, as a medicine, inoculation, etc.:The vaccination took.
to enter into possession, as of an estate.
to detract (usually fol. by from).
to apply or devote oneself:He took to his studies.
to make one's way; proceed; go:to take across the meadow.
to fall or become:She took sick and had to go home.
to admit of being photographed in a particular manner:a model who takes exceptionally well.
to admit of being moved or separated:This crib takes apart for easy storage.
to resemble (another person, as a parent) physically, temperamentally, etc.:The baby took after his mother.
Also, take off after, take out after. to follow; chase:The detective took after the burglars.
to regain possession of:to take back one's lawn mower.
to return, as for exchange:It was defective, so I took it back to the store.
to allow to return; resume a relationship with:She said she would never take him back again.
to cause to remember:It takes one back to the old days.
to retract:to take back a statement.
to move from a higher to a lower level or place.
to pull apart or take apart; dismantle; disassemble.
to write down; record.
to diminish the pride or arrogance of; humble:to take someone down a notch or two.
to assume to be:I took it for the truth.
to assume falsely to be; mistake for:to be taken for a foreigner.
take for granted. See grant (def. 6).
to permit to enter; admit.
to alter (an article of clothing) so as to make smaller.
to provide lodging for.
to include; encompass.
to grasp the meaning of; comprehend.
to deceive; trick; cheat.
to observe; notice.
to visit or attend:to take in a show.
to furl (a sail).
British Termsto receive as proceeds, as from business activity.
[Chiefly Brit.]to subscribe to:to take in a magazine.
to accept or believe something; aquiesce:I'll take it on your say-so.
Informal Termsto be able to resist or endure hardship, abuse, etc.
to understand:I take it that you're not interested.
take it out in, to accept as payment for services or as an equivalent of monetary compensation:He takes it out in goods instead of cash.
take it out of:
to exhaust; enervate:Every year the winter takes it out of me.
to exact payment from; penalize:They took it out of your pay.
Informal Termstake it out on, to cause (someone else) to suffer for one's own misfortune or dissatisfaction:Just because you're angry with him you don't have to take it out on me!
to remove:Take off your coat.
to lead away:The child was taken off by kidnappers.
Informal Termsto depart; leave:They took off yesterday for California.
to leave the ground, as an airplane.
to move onward or forward with a sudden or intense burst of speed:The police car took off after the drunken driver.
to withdraw or remove from:She was taken off the night shift.
to remove by death; kill:Millions were taken off by the Black Plague.
to make a likeness or copy of; reproduce.
to subtract, as a discount; deduct:Shop early and we'll take off 20 percent.
[Informal.]to imitate; mimic; burlesque.
[Informal.]to achieve sudden, marked growth, success, etc.:Sales took off just before Christmas. The actor's career took off after his role in that movie.
to hire; employ.
to undertake; assume:to take on new responsibilities.
to acquire:The situation begins to take on a new light.
to accept as a challenge; contend against:to take on a bully.
Informal Termsto show great emotion; become excited:There's no need to take on so.
to withdraw; remove:to take out a handkerchief.
to procure by application:to take out an insurance policy.
to carry out for use or consumption elsewhere:to take a book out of the library; to get food to take out.
to escort; invite:He takes out my sister now and then.
to set out; start:They took out for the nearest beach.
Slang Termsto kill; destroy.
take over, to assume management or possession of or responsibility for:The first officer took over the ship when the captain suffered a heart attack.
to devote or apply oneself to; become habituated to:to take to drink.
to respond favorably to; begin to like:They took to each other at once.
to go to:to take to one's bed.
to have recourse to; resort to:She took to getting up at five to go jogging before work.
to occupy oneself with the study or practice of:She took up painting in her spare time.
to lift or pick up:He took up the fallen leaves with a rake.
to occupy; cover:A grand piano would take up half of our living room.
to consume; use up; absorb:Traveling to her job takes up a great deal of time.
to begin to advocate or support; sponsor:He has taken up another struggling artist.
to continue; resume:We took up where we had left off.
to reply to in order to reprove:The author takes up his critics in the preface of his latest book.
to assume:He took up the duties of the presidency.
to absorb:Use a sponge to take up the spilled milk.
to make shorter, as by hemming:to take up the sleeves an inch.
to make tighter, as by winding in:to take up the slack in a reel of tape.
to deal with in discussion:to take up the issue of mass transit.
to adopt seriously:to take up the idea of seeking public office.
to accept, as an offer or challenge.
to buy as much as is offered:The sale was taken up in a matter of days.
British Terms[Chiefly Brit.]to clear by paying off, as a loan.
[Obs.]to arrest (esp. a runaway slave).
take up a collection, to ask for or gather donations, usually of money, from a number of people.
take upon oneself, to assume as a responsibility or obligation:She has taken it upon herself to support the family.
Informal Termstake up with, to become friendly with; keep company with:He took up with a bad crowd.
the act of taking.
something that is taken.
the quantity of fish, game, etc., taken at one time.
an opinion or assessment:What's your take on the candidate?
an approach; treatment:a new take on an old idea.
Informal Termsmoney taken in, esp. profits.
Journalisma portion of copy assigned to a Linotype operator or compositor, usually part of a story or article.
Show Business[Motion Pictures.]
a scene, or a portion of a scene, photographed without any interruption or break.
an instance of such continuous operation of the camera.
Informal Termsa visual and mental response to something typically manifested in a stare expressing total absorption or wonderment:She did a slow take on being asked by reporters the same question for the third time.
a recording of a musical performance.
Medicinea successful inoculation.
Slang Termson the take:
in search of personal profit at the expense of others.
tak′a•ble, take′a•ble,adj. tak′er,n.
Old Norse taka to take; cognate with Middle Dutch taken to grasp, Gothic tekan to touch
Middle English taken to take, strike, lay hold of, grasp, late Old English tacan to grasp, touch bef. 1100
1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged acquire, secure, procure. See bring.
6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged choose.
22.See corresponding entry in Unabridged bear, stand, tolerate.
42.See corresponding entry in Unabridged delight, attract, interest, engage.
43.See corresponding entry in Unabridged need, demand.
44.See corresponding entry in Unabridged use.
67.See corresponding entry in Unabridged ascertain.
75.See corresponding entry in Unabridged suppose, presume.
1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged give.
an opinion or assessment:What's your take on the candidate?