UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/səbˈdʒɛkʃən/US:USA pronunciation: respellingUSA pronunciation: respelling(səb jekshən)

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
sub•jec•tion  (səb jekshən),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. the act of subjecting.
  2. the state or fact of being subjected.
sub•jection•al, adj. 
  • Latin subjectiōn- (stem of subjectiō) a throwing under, equivalent. to subject- (see subject) + -iōn- -ion
  • Middle English 1300–50

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
sub•ject /n., adj. ˈsʌbdʒɪkt; v. səbˈdʒɛkt/USA pronunciation   n. [countable]
  1. that which forms a basic matter of thought, discussion, etc.:He keeps changing the subject and refuses to stick to the topic.
  2. Educationa branch of knowledge as a course of study:Which subjects are you taking this semester?
  3. Literature, Philosophysomething or someone written about or represented in writing, art, or music:That beautiful model was the subject for a number of Rodin's sculptures.
  4. Governmentone who owes allegiance to a king or queen or other head of state:The king will provide new services for his loyal subjects.
  5. Grammarone of the two main parts of a sentence (the other being the predicate) that is a noun or group of words acting like a noun, which usually refers to the one performing the action or being in the state expressed by the predicate: The subject of the sentence Jesse shot the sheriff is Jesse.
  6. a person, animal, or corpse that is an object of medical or scientific treatment or experiment.

  1. being under the rule, control, or influence of something:The warriors ruled harshly over their subject peoples.[be + ~ + to]We are subject to the rules and regulations in effect.
  2. open or exposed to;
    likely to get or receive:[be + ~ + to]Those silly ideas are subject to public ridicule.

  1. to bring under rule, control, or influence:[+ object]The weaker tribes were subjected by another warlike race.
  2. to expose to:[+ object + to + object]to subject metal to intense heat.
  3. to make vulnerable to attack by (something);
    expose:[+ object + to + object]to subject yourself to ridicule.

prep. phrase 
  1. subject to, depending on;
    dependent on:His hiring is subject to your approval.
sub•jec•tion, n. [uncountable]See -jec-.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
sub•ject  (n., adj. subjikt;v. səb jekt),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. that which forms a basic matter of thought, discussion, investigation, etc.:a subject of conversation.
  2. Educationa branch of knowledge as a course of study:He studied four subjects in his first year at college.
  3. a motive, cause, or ground:a subject for complaint.
  4. Literature, Philosophythe theme of a sermon, book, story, etc.
  5. Music and Dancethe principal melodic motif or phrase in a musical composition, esp. in a fugue.
  6. Fine Artan object, scene, incident, etc., chosen by an artist for representation, or as represented in art.
  7. Governmenta person who is under the dominion or rule of a sovereign.
  8. Governmenta person who owes allegiance to a government and lives under its protection:four subjects of Sweden.
  9. Grammar(in English and many other languages) a syntactic unit that functions as one of the two main constituents of a simple sentence, the other being the predicate, and that consists of a noun, noun phrase, or noun substitute which often refers to the one performing the action or being in the state expressed by the predicate, as He in He gave notice.
  10. a person or thing that undergoes or may undergo some action:As a dissenter, he found himself the subject of the group's animosity.
  11. a person or thing under the control or influence of another.
  12. a person as an object of medical, surgical, or psychological treatment or experiment.
  13. a cadaver used for dissection.
  14. Philosophy[Logic.]that term of a proposition concerning which the predicate is affirmed or denied.
  15. Philosophy
    • that which thinks, feels, perceives, intends, etc., as contrasted with the objects of thought, feeling, etc.
    • the self or ego.
  16. Philosophy[Metaphysics.]that in which qualities or attributes inhere;

  1. being under domination, control, or influence (often fol. by to).
  2. being under dominion, rule, or authority, as of a sovereign, state, or some governing power;
    owing allegiance or obedience (often fol. by to).
  3. open or exposed (usually fol. by to):subject to ridicule.
  4. being dependent or conditional upon something (usually fol. by to):His consent is subject to your approval.
  5. being under the necessity of undergoing something (usually fol. by to):All beings are subject to death.
  6. liable;
    prone (usually fol. by to):subject to headaches.

  1. to bring under domination, control, or influence (usually fol. by to).
  2. to bring under dominion, rule, or authority, as of a conqueror or a governing power (usually fol. by to).
  3. to cause to undergo the action of something specified;
    expose (usually fol. by to):to subject metal to intense heat.
  4. to make liable or vulnerable;
    lay open;
    expose (usually fol. by to):to subject oneself to ridicule.
  5. [Obs.]to place beneath something;
    make subjacent.
sub•jecta•ble, adj. 
sub•jecta•bili•ty, n. 
sub•jected•ly, adv. 
sub•jected•ness, n. 
subject•less, adj. 
subject•like′, adj. 
  • Latin, as above
  • Old French sugetter
  • Latin subjectāre, frequentative of subicere; replacing Middle English suget(t)en
  • Late Latin subjectum grammatical or dialectical subject, noun, nominal use of neuter of subjectus; replacing Middle English suget, as above; (verb, verbal)
  • Latin, as above; (noun, nominal)
  • Old French
  • Latin subjectus placed beneath, inferior, open to inspection, origin, originally past participle of subicere to throw or place beneath, make subject, equivalent. to sub- sub- + -jec-, combining form of jacere to throw + -tus past participle suffix; replacing Middle English suget
  • (adjective, adjectival) 1275–1325
    • 1, 4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Subject, theme, topic are often interchangeable to express the material being considered in a speech or written composition.
      Subject is a broad word for whatever is treated in writing, speech, art, etc.:the subject for discussion.Theme and
      topic are usually narrower and apply to some limited or specific part of a general subject. A
      theme is often the underlying conception of a discourse or composition, perhaps not put into words but easily recognizable:The theme of a need for reform runs throughout her work.A
      topic is the statement of what is to be treated in a section of a composition:The topic is treated fully in this section.
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged reason, rationale.
    • 17.See corresponding entry in Unabridged subordinate, subservient.
    • 20.See corresponding entry in Unabridged contingent.

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