WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
sub•jec•tion (səb jek′shən),USA pronunciation n.WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
- the act of subjecting.
- the state or fact of being subjected.
- Latin subjectiōn- (stem of subjectiō) a throwing under, equivalent. to subject- (see subject) + -iōn- -ion
- Middle English 1300–50
sub•ject /n., adj. ˈsʌbdʒɪkt; v. səbˈdʒɛkt/USA pronunciation n. [countable]WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
- that which forms a basic matter of thought, discussion, etc.:He keeps changing the subject and refuses to stick to the topic.
- Educationa branch of knowledge as a course of study:Which subjects are you taking this semester?
- Literature, Philosophysomething or someone written about or represented in writing, art, or music:That beautiful model was the subject for a number of Rodin's sculptures.
- Governmentone who owes allegiance to a king or queen or other head of state:The king will provide new services for his loyal subjects.
- Grammarone of the two main parts of a sentence (the other being the predicate) that is a noun or group of words acting like a noun, which usually refers to the one performing the action or being in the state expressed by the predicate: The subject of the sentence Jesse shot the sheriff is Jesse.
- a person, animal, or corpse that is an object of medical or scientific treatment or experiment.
- being under the rule, control, or influence of something:The warriors ruled harshly over their subject peoples.[be + ~ + to]We are subject to the rules and regulations in effect.
- open or exposed to;
likely to get or receive:[be + ~ + to]Those silly ideas are subject to public ridicule.
- to bring under rule, control, or influence:[~ + object]The weaker tribes were subjected by another warlike race.
- to expose to:[~ + object + to + object]to subject metal to intense heat.
- to make vulnerable to attack by (something);
expose:[~ + object + to + object]to subject yourself to ridicule.
- subject to, depending on;
dependent on:His hiring is subject to your approval.
sub•ject (n., adj. sub′jikt;v. səb jekt′),USA pronunciation n.
- that which forms a basic matter of thought, discussion, investigation, etc.:a subject of conversation.
- Educationa branch of knowledge as a course of study:He studied four subjects in his first year at college.
- a motive, cause, or ground:a subject for complaint.
- Literature, Philosophythe theme of a sermon, book, story, etc.
- Music and Dancethe principal melodic motif or phrase in a musical composition, esp. in a fugue.
- Fine Artan object, scene, incident, etc., chosen by an artist for representation, or as represented in art.
- Governmenta person who is under the dominion or rule of a sovereign.
- Governmenta person who owes allegiance to a government and lives under its protection:four subjects of Sweden.
- Grammar(in English and many other languages) a syntactic unit that functions as one of the two main constituents of a simple sentence, the other being the predicate, and that consists of a noun, noun phrase, or noun substitute which often refers to the one performing the action or being in the state expressed by the predicate, as He in He gave notice.
- a person or thing that undergoes or may undergo some action:As a dissenter, he found himself the subject of the group's animosity.
- a person or thing under the control or influence of another.
- a person as an object of medical, surgical, or psychological treatment or experiment.
- a cadaver used for dissection.
- Philosophy[Logic.]that term of a proposition concerning which the predicate is affirmed or denied.
- that which thinks, feels, perceives, intends, etc., as contrasted with the objects of thought, feeling, etc.
- the self or ego.
- Philosophy[Metaphysics.]that in which qualities or attributes inhere;
- being under domination, control, or influence (often fol. by to).
- being under dominion, rule, or authority, as of a sovereign, state, or some governing power;
owing allegiance or obedience (often fol. by to).
- open or exposed (usually fol. by to):subject to ridicule.
- being dependent or conditional upon something (usually fol. by to):His consent is subject to your approval.
- being under the necessity of undergoing something (usually fol. by to):All beings are subject to death.
prone (usually fol. by to):subject to headaches.
- to bring under domination, control, or influence (usually fol. by to).
- to bring under dominion, rule, or authority, as of a conqueror or a governing power (usually fol. by to).
- to cause to undergo the action of something specified;
expose (usually fol. by to):to subject metal to intense heat.
- to make liable or vulnerable;
expose (usually fol. by to):to subject oneself to ridicule.
- [Obs.]to place beneath something;
- Latin, as above
- Old French sugetter
- Latin subjectāre, frequentative of subicere; replacing Middle English suget(t)en
- Late Latin subjectum grammatical or dialectical subject, noun, nominal use of neuter of subjectus; replacing Middle English suget, as above; (verb, verbal)
- Latin, as above; (noun, nominal)
- Old French
- Latin subjectus placed beneath, inferior, open to inspection, origin, originally past participle of subicere to throw or place beneath, make subject, equivalent. to sub- sub- + -jec-, combining form of jacere to throw + -tus past participle suffix; replacing Middle English suget
- (adjective, adjectival) 1275–1325
- 1, 4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Subject, theme, topic are often interchangeable to express the material being considered in a speech or written composition. Subject is a broad word for whatever is treated in writing, speech, art, etc.:the subject for discussion.Theme and topic are usually narrower and apply to some limited or specific part of a general subject. A theme is often the underlying conception of a discourse or composition, perhaps not put into words but easily recognizable:The theme of a need for reform runs throughout her work.A topic is the statement of what is to be treated in a section of a composition:The topic is treated fully in this section.
- 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged reason, rationale.
- 17.See corresponding entry in Unabridged subordinate, subservient.
- 20.See corresponding entry in Unabridged contingent.
'subjection' also found in these entries (note: many are not synonyms or translations):
arm - authoritarian - beat - bondage - brainwash - captivity - colonialization - dependence - dragonnade - freedom - freeze - hazing - hypotaxis - lie - pyrolysis - re-press - revolt - self-subjection - sensualism - slavery - slavish - subdue - subjugate - test - torrefy - treatment - trial - under - vassalage - yoke