subdue

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/səbˈdjuː/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/səbˈdu, -ˈdju/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(səb do̅o̅, -dyo̅o̅)

Inflections of 'subdue' (v): (⇒ conjugate)
subdues
v 3rd person singular
subduing
v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
subdued
v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed."
subdued
v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked."

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
sub•due /səbˈdu, -ˈdyu/USA pronunciation   v. [+ object], -dued, -du•ing. 
  1. to overcome or overpower by force:Rome subdued Gaul.
  2. to hold back, keep in control, or repress (feelings, etc.):His soothing words subdued her fears.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
sub•due  (səb do̅o̅, -dyo̅o̅),USA pronunciation v.t.,  -dued, -du•ing. 
  1. to conquer and bring into subjection:Rome subdued Gaul.
  2. to overpower by superior force;
    overcome.
  3. to bring under mental or emotional control, as by persuasion or intimidation;
    render submissive.
  4. to repress (feelings, impulses, etc.).
  5. to bring (land) under cultivation:to subdue the wilderness.
  6. to reduce the intensity, force, or vividness of (sound, light, color, etc.);
    tone down;
    soften.
  7. to allay (inflammation, infection, etc.).
sub•dua•ble, adj. 
sub•dua•ble•ness, n. 
sub•dua•bly, adv. 
sub•duer, n. 
sub•duing•ly, adv. 
  • Latin subdere to place beneath, subdue
  • Latin subdūcere to withdraw (see subduct); meaning in English (and Anglo-French)
  • Anglo-French *soduer to overcome, Old French soduire to deceive, seduce
  • Middle English so(b)duen, so(b)dewen 1350–1400
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged subjugate, vanquish. See  defeat. 
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged tame, break, discipline.
    • 3, 4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged suppress.
    • 4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged awaken, arouse.
    • 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged intensify.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
subdue /səbˈdjuː/ vb ( -dues, -duing, -dued)(transitive)
  1. to establish ascendancy over by force
  2. to overcome and bring under control, as by intimidation or persuasion
  3. to hold in check or repress (feelings, emotions, etc)
  4. to render less intense or less conspicuous
Etymology: 14th Century sobdue, from Old French soduire to mislead, from Latin subdūcere to remove; English sense influenced by Latin subdere to subject

subˈduable adj subˈdual n
'subdue' also found in these entries:
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