UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈsɒfɪzəm/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/ˈsɑfɪzəm/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(sofiz əm)

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
soph•ism /ˈsɑfɪzəm/USA pronunciation   n. [countable]
  1. Philosophya false argument, esp. one designed only to show one's cleverness in reasoning or in deceiving someone.
See -soph-.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
soph•ism  (sofiz əm),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. Philosophya specious argument for displaying ingenuity in reasoning or for deceiving someone.
  2. Philosophyany false argument;
  • Latin
  • Middle French sophime
  • Greek sóphisma origin, originally, acquired skill, method, derivative of sophízesthai to act the sophist, become wise; replacing earlier sophim, Middle English
  • Latin sophisma sophistry
  • 1300–50

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
sophism /ˈsɒfɪzəm/ n
  1. an instance of sophistry
    Compare paralogism
Etymology: 14th Century: from Latin sophisma, from Greek: ingenious trick, from sophizesthai to use clever deceit, from sophos wise, clever
'sophism' also found in these entries (note: many are not synonyms or translations):
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