UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈsɔɪl/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/sɔɪl/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(soil)

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
soil1 /sɔɪl/USA pronunciation   n. [uncountable]
  1. the portion of the earth's surface made up of humus;
    earth:Farmers were at work tilling the soil for thousands of years.
  2. a country, land, or region:longing to set foot on his native soil.
  3. any environment that encourages growth.

soil2 /sɔɪl/USA pronunciation   v. 
  1. to (cause to) become dirty: [+ object]The baby had soiled her diapers.[no object]These white clothes soil too easily.

n. [uncountable]
  1. the act or fact of soiling, or the state of being soiled.
  2. a spot or stain:The detergent gets rid of soil and stains.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
soil1  (soil),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. the portion of the earth's surface consisting of disintegrated rock and humus.
  2. a particular kind of earth:sandy soil.
  3. the ground as producing vegetation or as cultivated for its crops:fertile soil.
  4. a country, land, or region:an act committed on American soil.
  5. the ground or earth:tilling the soil.
  6. any place or condition providing the opportunity for growth or development:Some believe that poverty provides the soil for crime.
soilless, adj. 
  • Latin solium seat, confused with solum ground
  • Anglo-French soyl
  • Middle English soile 1300–50

soil2  (soil),USA pronunciation v.t. 
  1. to make unclean, dirty, or filthy, esp. on the surface:to soil one's clothes.
  2. to smirch, smudge, or stain:The ink soiled his hands.
  3. to sully or tarnish, as with disgrace;
    defile morally:to soil one's good name.

  1. to become soiled:White soils easily.

  1. the act or fact of soiling.
  2. the state of being soiled.
  3. a spot, mark, or stain.
  4. dirty or foul matter;
  5. ordure;
  • Vulgar Latin *suculāre, equivalent. to (s) pig + -cul(us) -cle1 + -āre infinitive ending
  • Old French souiller, soillier to dirty
  • Middle English soilen (verb, verbal) 1175–1225
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged blacken, taint, debase.

soil3  (soil),USA pronunciation v.t. 
  1. Animal Husbandryto feed (confined cattle, horses, etc.) freshly cut green fodder for roughage.
  • origin, originally uncertain 1595–1605

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
soil /sɔɪl/ n
  1. the top layer of the land surface of the earth that is composed of disintegrated rock particles, humus, water, and air
  2. a type of this material having specific characteristics: loamy soil
  3. land, country, or region: one's native soil
  4. the soillife and work on a farm; land: he belonged to the soil, as his forefathers had
  5. any place or thing encouraging growth or development
Etymology: 14th Century: from Anglo-Norman, from Latin solium a seat, but confused with Latin solum the ground
soil /sɔɪl/ vb
  1. to make or become dirty or stained
  2. (transitive) to pollute with sin or disgrace; sully; defile
  1. the state or result of soiling
  2. refuse, manure, or excrement
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French soillier to defile, from soil pigsty, probably from Latin sūs a swine
soil /sɔɪl/ vb
  1. (transitive) to feed (livestock) freshly cut green fodder either to fatten or purge them
Etymology: 17th Century: perhaps from obsolete vb (C16) soil to manure, from soil² (n)
'soil' also found in these entries:
Collocations: soil erosion, soil samples for, conduct a soil survey, more...

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