WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
sleep /slip/USA pronunciation
v., slept/slɛpt/USA pronunciation sleep•ing, n. v.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
- Physiology[no object] to go into or be in the condition of rest that comes when the body suspends certain functions and is in a state of unconsciousness.
- to have enough beds, or a place to sleep, for (people):[~ + object]This trailer sleeps three people.
- to allow one's alertness to become less active:[no object]The salespeople must have been sleeping when the shoplifter came in.
- [no object] to lie in death.
- to take rest in (a certain kind of sleep):[~ + object]The baby slept the sleep of the innocent.
- sleep around, [no object] to have sexual relationships with many different partners:She accused her husband of sleeping around with other women.
- sleep away, [~ + object + away] to spend or pass (time) in sleep:She slept the night away.
- sleep in, [no object]
- (of a servant, maid, etc.) to sleep where one is employed.
- to sleep beyond one's usual time of arising:Tomorrow there will be no school so you can sleep in.
- sleep off, to get rid of (a headache, etc.) by sleeping: [~ + off + object]to sleep off a bad hangover.[~ + object + off]to sleep it off.
- sleep on, [~ + on + object] to postpone making a decision about (something) for at least a day:Thanks for your proposal; I think I'll sleep on it and call you tomorrow.
- sleep out, [no object]
- (of a servant, maid, etc.) to sleep away from one's place of employment.
- to sleep outdoors.
- sleep over, [no object] to sleep in another person's home:My daughters want to sleep over (at) their cousin's.
- sleep through, [~ + through + object] to sleep in spite of (noise or the like):There was a loud party in the next room but somehow we slept through it.
- sleep together, [no object] to be sexual partners.
- sleep with, [~ + with + object] to have sexual relations with:He said he had never slept with anyone but his wife.
- the state of a person, animal, or plant that sleeps:[uncountable]Sleep wouldn't come, and he lay awake most of the night.
- a period of sleeping:[countable; usually singular]a good sleep.
- the substance in one's eyes after having slept:[uncountable]to rub the sleep from her eyes.
sleep•less•ness, n. [uncountable]
- get to sleep, to succeed in falling asleep:The night before we left for our new home we couldn't get to sleep.
- go to sleep:
- to fall asleep:Everytime the baby went to sleep, the gas pains woke her up again.
- to get ready to sleep, as by going to one's bed:The kids didn't want to go to sleep; they were too excited.
- to become numb:My foot's gone to sleep and I can't stand on it.
- put (someone or something) to sleep, to kill in a painless way:They had to put their dog to sleep.
sleep is both a noun and a verb, asleep and sleepy are adjectives:He fell into a deep sleep. He slept deeply. He was asleep and didn't wake up when the phone rang. He was sleepy and ready for bed.
(slēp),USA pronunciation v., slept, sleep•ing, n. v.i.
- Physiologyto take the rest afforded by a suspension of voluntary bodily functions and the natural suspension, complete or partial, of consciousness;
cease being awake.
- Botanyto assume, esp. at night, a state similar to the sleep of animals, marked by closing of petals, leaves, etc.
- to be dormant, quiescent, or inactive, as faculties.
- to be careless or unalert;
allow one's alertness, vigilance, or attentiveness to lie dormant:While England slept, Germany prepared for war.
- to lie in death:They are sleeping in their tombs.
- to take rest in (a specified kind of sleep):He slept the sleep of the innocent.
- to accommodate for sleeping;
have sleeping accommodations for:This trailer sleeps three people.
- to spend or pass in sleep (usually fol. by away or out):to sleep the day away.
- to recover from the effects of (a headache, hangover, etc.) by sleeping (usually fol. by off or away).
- sleep around, [Informal.]to have sexual relations with many partners, esp. in a casual way;
be sexually promiscuous.
- sleep in:
- (esp. of domestic help) to sleep where one is employed.
- to sleep beyond one's usual time of arising.
- sleep on, to postpone making a decision about for at least a day:to sleep on a proposal till the end of the week.
- sleep out:
- (esp. of domestic help) to sleep away from one's place of employment.
- [Chiefly Northern U.S.]to sleep away from one's home.
- to sleep outdoors.
- sleep over, to spend one or more nights in a place other than one's own home:Two friends will sleep over this weekend.
- sleep together, to be sexual partners;
have a sexual relationship.
- sleep with, to have sexual relations with.
- the state of a person, animal, or plant that sleeps.
- a period of sleeping:a brief sleep.
- dormancy or inactivity.
- the repose of death.
- sleeper (def. 10).
- put to sleep, to put (an animal) to death in a humane way:to put a sick old dog to sleep.
- bef. 900; (noun, nominal) Middle English; Old English slēp (Anglian), slǣp, slāp; cognate with Dutch slaap, German Schlaf, Gothic slēps; (verb, verbal) Middle English slepen, Old English slēpan, slǣpan, slāpan, cognate with Old Saxon slāpan, Gothic slēpan
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged slumber, nap, drowse, doze.
- 17.See corresponding entry in Unabridged rest, repose.
- 18.See corresponding entry in Unabridged nap.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
sleep /sliːp/ n
vb (sleeps, sleeping, slept)
- a periodic state of physiological rest during which consciousness is suspended and metabolic rate is decreased
- the nontechnical name for nyctitropism
- a period spent sleeping
- a state of quiescence or dormancy
- a poetic or euphemistic word for death
See also sleep around
- (intransitive) to be in or as in the state of sleep
- (intransitive) (of plants) to show nyctitropism
- (intransitive) to be inactive or quiescent
- (transitive) to have sleeping accommodation for (a certain number): the boat could sleep six
- (transitive) followed by away: to pass (time) sleeping
- (intransitive) poetic or euphemistic to be dead
- sleep on it ⇒ to give (something) extended consideration, esp overnight
, sleep inEtymology: Old English slǣpan; related to Old Frisian slēpa, Old Saxon slāpan, Old High German slāfan, German schlaff limp
'sleep on it' also found in these entries (note: many are not synonyms or translations):