siege

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈsiːdʒ/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/sidʒ/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(sēj)


Inflections of 'siege' (v): (⇒ conjugate)
sieges
v 3rd person singular
sieging
v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
sieged
v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed."
sieged
v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked."

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
siege /sidʒ/USA pronunciation   n. [countable]
  1. the act or process of surrounding and attacking a fortified place in such a way as to force the surrender of the defenders, such as by blocking the delivery of supplies.
  2. any long or intensive effort to overcome resistance:a siege by magazine publishers to sell us subscriptions.
  3. a series of illnesses or troubles:a siege of head colds.
Idioms
  1. Idiomslay siege to, [~ + [object] to surround and attack (a fortified place or the like).
  2. under siege, [uncountable] in the state of being attacked by outside forces:The city has been under siege for a month.

See -sid-.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
siege  (sēj),USA pronunciation n., v.,  sieged, sieg•ing. 
n. 
  1. the act or process of surrounding and attacking a fortified place in such a way as to isolate it from help and supplies, for the purpose of lessening the resistance of the defenders and thereby making capture possible.
  2. any prolonged or persistent effort to overcome resistance.
  3. a series of illnesses, troubles, or annoyances besetting a person or group:a siege of head colds.
  4. a prolonged period of trouble or annoyance.
  5. BirdsAlso,  sedge. [Ornith.]
    • a flock of herons.
    • the station of a heron at prey.
  6. the shelf or floor of a glassmaking furnace on which the glass pots are set.
  7. [Obs.]
    • a seat, esp. one used by a person of distinction, as a throne.
    • station as to rank or class.
  8. lay siege to, to besiege:The army laid siege to the city for over a month.

v.t. 
  1. to assail or assault;
    besiege.
siegea•ble, adj. 
  • Vulgar Latin *sedicāre to set, derivative of Latin sedēre to sit1; (verb, verbal) Middle English segen, derivative of the noun, nominal
  • Old French: seat, noun, nominal derivative of siegier
  • (noun, nominal) Middle English sege 1175–1225
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Siege, blockade are terms for prevention of free movement to or from a place during wartime.
      Siege implies surrounding a city and cutting off its communications, and usually includes direct assaults on its defenses.
      Blockade is applied more often to naval operations that block all commerce, especially to cut off food and other supplies from defenders.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
siege /siːdʒ/ n
  1. the offensive operations carried out to capture a fortified place by surrounding it, severing its communications and supply lines, and deploying weapons against it
  2. (as modifier): siege warfare
  3. a persistent attempt to gain something
  4. obsolete a seat or throne
  5. lay siege toto besiege
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French sege a seat, from Vulgar Latin sēdicāre (unattested) to sit down, from Latin sedēre
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