shame/ʃeɪm/USA pronunciationn., v.,shamed, sham•ing. n.
the painful feeling of having done or experienced something wrong, dishonest, etc.:[uncountable]A deep sense of shame overwhelmed him.
the ability to experience this feeling:[uncountable]to be without shame.
disgrace; ignominy:[uncountable]His dishonesty brings shame to the whole team.
a cause for regret, disappointment, etc.:[countable; singular;usually: a + ~]It was a shame you weren't there.
v.[~ + object]
to cause to suffer disgrace:Her actions shamed her entire family.
to cause (someone) to do something because of a feeling of shame:[~ + object + into + verb-ing]She shamed me into going.
Idiomsput (someone or something) to shame,[put + object + to + ~]
to cause to suffer shame.
to outdo; surpass:The new computer puts this old one to shame.
shame is a noun and a verb, ashamed and shameful are adjectives:He felt shame after hurting the man. Her response shamed him into an apology. I was ashamed of what I had done. It was a shameful deed.
Compare ashamed and shame. The adjective ashamed usually appears after some form of be, and may be followed by the word of, as inHe is ashamed. She is ashamed of what she has done.The noun shame is used as a noncount noun:feelings of shame; it also has use as a count noun:What a shame you can't come!The verb shame takes an object and may take an additional phrase:She shamed me into going.
bef. 900; (noun, nominal) Middle English; Old English sc(e)amu; cognate with German Scham, Old Norse skǫmm; (verb, verbal) Middle English schamen, shamien to be ashamed, Old English sc(e)amian, derivative of the noun, nominal
1.See corresponding entry in UnabridgedShame,embarrassment,mortification,humiliation,chagrin designate different kinds or degrees of painful feeling caused by injury to one's pride or self-respect. Shame is a painful feeling caused by the consciousness or exposure of unworthy or indecent conduct or circumstances:One feels shame at being caught in a lie.It is similar to guilt in the nature and origin of the feeling. Embarrassment usually refers to a feeling less painful than that of shame, one associated with less serious situations, often of a social nature:embarrassment over breaking a teacup at a party.Mortification is a more painful feeling, akin to shame but also more likely to arise from specifically social circumstances:his mortification at being singled out for rebuke.Humiliation is mortification at being humbled in the estimation of others:Being ignored gives one a sense of humiliation.Chagrin is humiliation mingled with vexation or anger:She felt chagrin at her failure to remember her promise.
7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged humiliate, mortify, humble, abash, embarrass.
1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged pride, self-esteem, self-respect.