shame

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈʃeɪm/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/ʃeɪm/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(shām)

Inflections of 'shame' (v): (⇒ conjugate)
shames
v 3rd person singular
shaming
v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
shamed
v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed."
shamed
v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked."

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
shame /ʃeɪm/USA pronunciation   n., v.,  shamed, sham•ing. 
n. 
  1. the painful feeling of having done or experienced something wrong, dishonest, etc.:[uncountable]A deep sense of shame overwhelmed him.
  2. the ability to experience this feeling:[uncountable]to be without shame.
  3. disgrace;
    ignominy:[uncountable]His dishonesty brings shame to the whole team.
  4. a cause for regret, disappointment, etc.:[countable;  singular;usually: a + ~]It was a shame you weren't there.

v. [+ object]
  1. to cause to suffer disgrace:Her actions shamed her entire family.
  2. to cause (someone) to do something because of a feeling of shame:[+ object + into + verb-ing]She shamed me into going.
Idioms
  1. Idiomsput (someone or something) to shame, [put + object + to + ~]
    • to cause to suffer shame.
    • to outdo;
      surpass:The new computer puts this old one to shame.

    shame is a noun and a verb, ashamed and shameful are adjectives:He felt shame after hurting the man. Her response shamed him into an apology. I was ashamed of what I had done. It was a shameful deed.
    Compare ashamed and shame. The adjective ashamed usually appears after some form of be, and may be followed by the word of, as inHe is ashamed. She is ashamed of what she has done.The noun shame is used as a noncount noun:feelings of shame;
    it also has use as a count noun:What a shame you can't come!The verb shame takes an object and may take an additional phrase:She shamed me into going.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
shame  (shām),USA pronunciation n., v.,  shamed, sham•ing. 
n. 
  1. the painful feeling arising from the consciousness of something dishonorable, improper, ridiculous, etc., done by oneself or another:She was overcome with shame.
  2. susceptibility to this feeling:to be without shame.
  3. disgrace;
    ignominy:His actions brought shame upon his parents.
  4. a fact or circumstance bringing disgrace or regret:The bankruptcy of the business was a shame. It was a shame you couldn't come with us.
  5. for shame! you should feel ashamed!:What a thing to say to your mother! For shame!
  6. put to shame: 
    • to cause to suffer shame or disgrace.
    • to outdo;
      surpass:She played so well she put all the other tennis players to shame.

v.t. 
  1. to cause to feel shame;
    make ashamed:His cowardice shamed him.
  2. to drive, force, etc., through shame:He shamed her into going.
  3. to cover with ignominy or reproach;
    disgrace.
shama•ble, shamea•ble, adj. 
shama•bly, shamea•bly, adv. 
  • bef. 900; (noun, nominal) Middle English; Old English sc(e)amu; cognate with German Scham, Old Norse skǫmm; (verb, verbal) Middle English schamen, shamien to be ashamed, Old English sc(e)amian, derivative of the noun, nominal
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Shame, embarrassment, mortification, humiliation, chagrin designate different kinds or degrees of painful feeling caused by injury to one's pride or self-respect.
      Shame is a painful feeling caused by the consciousness or exposure of unworthy or indecent conduct or circumstances:One feels shame at being caught in a lie.It is similar to guilt in the nature and origin of the feeling.
      Embarrassment usually refers to a feeling less painful than that of
      shame, one associated with less serious situations, often of a social nature:embarrassment over breaking a teacup at a party.Mortification is a more painful feeling, akin to
      shame but also more likely to arise from specifically social circumstances:his mortification at being singled out for rebuke.Humiliation is mortification at being humbled in the estimation of others:Being ignored gives one a sense of humiliation.Chagrin is humiliation mingled with vexation or anger:She felt chagrin at her failure to remember her promise.
    • 7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged humiliate, mortify, humble, abash, embarrass.
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged pride, self-esteem, self-respect.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
shame /ʃeɪm/ n
  1. a painful emotion resulting from an awareness of having done something dishonourable, unworthy, degrading, etc
  2. capacity to feel such an emotion
  3. ignominy or disgrace
  4. a person or thing that causes this
  5. an occasion for regret, disappointment, etc: it's a shame you can't come with us
  6. put to shameto disgrace
  7. to surpass totally
vb (transitive)
  1. to cause to feel shame
  2. to bring shame on; disgrace
  3. (often followed by into) to compel through a sense of shame
  4. name and shame
    See name
Etymology: Old English scamu; related to Old Norse skömm, Old High German skama

ˈshamable, ˈshameable adj
'shame' also found in these entries:
Collocations: shame him [publicly, privately], was [hot, flustered] with shame, shame him for his [acts, actions], more...

Forum discussions with the word(s) "shame" in the title:


Look up "shame" at Merriam-Webster
Look up "shame" at dictionary.com

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