to go quickly by moving the legs more rapidly than at a walk and in such a manner that for an instant in each step all or both feet are off the ground.
to move with haste; act quickly:Run upstairs and get the iodine.
to depart quickly; take to flight; flee or escape:to run from danger.
to have recourse for aid, support, comfort, etc.:He shouldn't run to his parents with every little problem.
to make a quick trip or informal visit for a short stay at a place:to run up to New York; I will run over to see you after dinner.
to go around, rove, or ramble without restraint (often fol. by about):to run about in the park.
to move, roll, or progress from momentum or from being hurled, kicked, or otherwise propelled:The wheel ran over the curb and into the street.
to take part in a race or contest.
to finish in a race or contest in a certain numerical position:The horse ran second.
to be or campaign as a candidate for election.
to migrate, as fish:to run in huge shoals.
to migrate upstream or inshore from deep water to spawn.
to move under continuing power or force, as of the wind, a motor, etc.:The car ran along the highway.
(of a ship, automobile, etc.) to be sailed or driven from a safe, proper, or given route:The ship ran aground.
to ply between places, as a vessel or conveyance:This bus runs between New Haven and Hartford.
to move, glide, turn, rotate, or pass easily, freely, or smoothly:A rope runs in a pulley.
to creep, trail, or climb, as growing vines:The ivy ran up the side of the house.
to come undone or to unravel, as stitches or a fabric:these stockings run easily.
to flow, as a liquid:Let the water run before you drink it.
to flow along, esp. strongly, as a stream or the sea:The rapids ran over the rocks.
to empty or transfer contents:The river ran into the sea.
to appear, occur, or exist within a certain limited range; include a specific range of variations (usually fol. by from):Your work runs from fair to bad.
to melt and flow or drip:Wax ran down the burning candle.
[Golf.](of a golf ball) to bounce or roll along the ground just after landing from a stroke:The ball struck the green and ran seven feet past the hole.
to spread on being applied to a surface, as a liquid:Fresh paint ran over the window molding onto the pane.
to spread over a material when exposed to moisture:The dyes in this fabric are guaranteed not to run in washing.
to undergo a spreading of colors:materials that run when washed.
to flow forth as a discharge:Tears ran from her eyes.
to discharge or give passage to a liquid or fluid:Her eyes ran with tears.
to operate or function:How does your new watch run? Cars run on gasoline.
to be in operation:the noise of a dishwasher running.
to continue in operation:The furnace runs most of the day.
to elapse; pass or go by, as time:Time is running out, and we must hurry.
to pass into or meet with a certain state or condition:to run into debt; to run into trouble.
to get or become:The well ran dry.
to amount; total:The bill ran to $100.
to be stated or worded in a certain manner:The minutes of the last meeting run as follows.
to accumulate, follow, or become payable in due course, as interest on a debt:Your interest runs from January 1st to December 31st.
to make many withdrawals in rapid succession, as from a bank.
to have legal force or effect, as a writ.
to continue to operate.
to go along with:The easement runs with the land.
to proceed, continue, or go:The story runs for eight pages.
to extend in a given direction:This road runs north to Litchfield.
to extend for a certain length:The unpaved section runs for eight miles.
to extend over a given surface:Shelves ran from floor to ceiling.
to be printed, as on a printing press:Two thousand copies ran before the typo was caught.
to appear in print or be published as a story, photograph, etc., in a newspaper, magazine, or the like:The account ran in all the papers. The political cartoon always runs on the editorial page.
to be performed on a stage or be played continually, as a play:The play ran for two years.
to occur or take place continuously, as a movie:The picture runs for two hours.
to pass quickly:A thought ran through his mind. Her eyes ran over the room.
to be disseminated, circulated, or spread rapidly:The news of his promotion ran all over town.
to continue or return persistently; recur:The old tune ran through his mind all day.
to have or tend to have or produce a specified character, quality, form, etc.:This novel runs to long descriptions. Her sister is fat too, but the family runs to being overweight.
to be or continue to be of a certain or average size, number, etc.:Potatoes are running large this year.
[Naut.]to sail before the wind.
to move or run along (a surface, way, path, etc.):Every morning he ran the dirt path around the reservoir to keep in condition. She ran her fingers over the keyboard.
to traverse (a distance) in running:He ran the mile in just over four minutes.
to perform, compete in, or accomplish by or as by running:to run a race; to run an errand.
to go about freely on or in without supervision:permitting children to run the streets.
to ride or cause to gallop:to run a horse across a field.
to enter in a race:He ran his best filly in the Florida Derby.
to bring into a certain state by running:He ran himself out of breath trying to keep pace.
to trace, track, pursue or hunt, as game:to run deer on foot.
to drive (an animal) or cause to go by pursuing:to run a fox to cover; to run the stallion into the barn.
to leave, flee, or escape from:He ran town before the robbery was discovered.
to cause to ply between places, as a vessel or conveyance:to run a ferry between New York and New Jersey.
to convey or transport, as in a vessel or vehicle:I'll run you home in my car.
to cause to pass quickly:He ran his eyes over the letter. She ran a comb through her hair.
to get past or through:to run a blockade.
(of drivers or cyclists) to disregard (a red or amber traffic light) and continue ahead without stopping.
to smuggle (contraband goods):to run guns across the border.
to work, operate, or drive:Can you run a tractor?
to publish, print, or make copies of, as on a printing press (sometimes fol. by off):Run off 3000 of these posters. The newspapers ran the story on page one.
to process, refine, manufacture, or subject to an analysis or treatment:The doctor wanted to run a blood test. The factory ran 50,000 gallons of paint a day.
to keep operating or going, as a machine:They ran the presses 24 hours a day.
to keep (a motor) idling for an indefinite period:On cold days he would run the car motor to prevent stalling.
to allow (a ship, automobile, etc.) to depart from a safe, proper, or given route, as by negligence or error:He ran the ship aground. She ran the car up on the curb.
to sponsor, support, or nominate (a person) as a candidate for election.
to manage or conduct:to run a business; to run one's own life.
Computingto process (the instructions in a program) by computer.
(in some games, as billiards) to continue or complete a series of successful strokes, shots, or the like.
[Cards.]to lead a series (of one's assured tricks or winners in a given suit):He ran the heart suit before leading spades.
to expose oneself to or be exposed to (a chance, risk, etc.):Through his habitual lateness he ran the danger of being fired.
to cause (a liquid) to flow:to run the water for a bath.
to fill (a tub or bath) with water:She ran a hot tub for him.
to give forth or flow with (a liquid); pour forth or discharge:The well ran 500 barrels of oil daily.
to charge (an item or items) as on a charge account or to accumulate (bills) to be paid all at one time:He ran a large monthly tab at the club.
to cause to move easily, freely, or smoothly:to run a rope in a pulley.
[Golf.]to cause (a golf ball) to move forward along the ground after landing from a stroke:He ran his ball seven feet past the hole.
to sew or use a running stitch:to run a seam.
to cause stitches in (a garment or fabric) to unravel or come undone:to run a stocking on a protruding nail.
to bring, lead, or force into a certain state or condition:He ran his troops into an ambush. They ran themselves into debt.
to drive, force, or thrust:to run a nail into a board;to run one's head against a wall;to run one's hand into one's pocket.
to graze; pasture:They run sixty head of cattle on their ranch.
to extend (something) in a particular direction or to a given point or place:to run a partition across a room; to run a telephone cable from Boston to Buffalo.
[Carpentry.]to make (millwork) from boards.
to cause to fuse and flow, as metal for casting in a mold.
to draw, trace, or mark out, as a line:to run a line over a surface; to run a line through a word.
to cost (an amount or approximate amount):This watch runs $30.
to cost (a person) an amount or approximate amount:The car repair will run you a couple of hundred at least.
run across, to meet or find accidentally:She ran across an old friend at the party. He ran across her name in the phone book.
run afoul of:
[Naut.]to collide with so as to cause damage and entanglement.
to incur or become subject to the wrath or ill will of:to run afoul of the law; He argued with his father and has run afoul of him ever since.
to follow; chase:The dog ran after the burglar.
to pursue or court the affections of, esp. in an aggressive manner:He ran after her until she agreed to marry him.
to attempt to become friendly with or part of the society of:He runs after the country-club set.
run along, to leave; go on one's way:I have to run along now, but I'll see you tonight. Run along—can't you see I'm busy?
(often fol. by with) to socialize; consort with:She runs around with the strangest people.
to be unfaithful to one's spouse or lover:It was common knowledge that he was running around.
to flee or escape; leave a place of confinement or control with the intention of never returning:He ran away from home three times.
[Naut.]to haul on a line by walking or running steadily.
run away with:
to go away with, esp. to elope with:She ran away with a sailor.
to abscond with; steal:to run away with some valuable jewelry.
to surpass others in; be outstanding in:to run away with academic honors.
to overwhelm; get the better of:Sometimes his enthusiasm runs away with him.
to strike and fell or overturn, esp. to drive a vehicle into (someone):to run down an innocent pedestrian.
to pursue until captured; chase:The detective swore that he would run down the criminal.
to peruse; review:His eyes ran down the front row and stopped suddenly.
to cease operation; stop:My watch has run down.
to speak disparagingly of; criticize severely:The students were always running down their math teacher.
to search out; trace; find:to run down information.
[Baseball.]to tag out (a base runner) between bases.
[Naut.]to collide with and sink (another vessel).
[Naut.]to sail closely parallel to (a coast).
run for it, to hurry away or flee, esp. to evade something:You had better run for it before anyone else arrives.
to visit casually:If I'm in the neighborhood, I may run in for a few minutes.
to include in a text, as something to be inserted.
[Slang.]to arrest; take to jail:They ran him in for burglary.
[Print.]to add (matter) to text without indenting.
to break in (new machinery).
run in place:
to go through the motions of running without leaving one's original place.
to exist or work without noticeable change, progress, or improvement.
to crash into; collide with:She was so sleepy that she ran into a lamppost.
to meet accidentally:You never know whom you'll run into at a big party.
to amount to; total:losses that ran into millions of dollars.
to succeed; follow:One year ran into the next, and still there was no change.
to experience; encounter:The project ran into difficulty.
run in with,[Naut.]to sail close to (a coast, vessel, etc.).
to leave quickly; depart.
to create or perform rapidly or easily:to run off a new song.
to determine the winner of (a contest, race, etc.) by a runoff.
to drive away; expel:to run someone off one's property.
to print or otherwise duplicate:Please run off 500 copies.
run off with:
to abscond with (something); steal or borrow; take:He ran off with the money. Who ran off with the pencil sharpener?
to elope:I hear she ran off with the Smith boy.
to continue without interruption:The account that he gave ran on at some length.
[Print.]to add (matter) to text without indenting.
to add something, as at the end of a text:to run on an adverb to a dictionary entry.
to terminate; expire:My subscription ran out last month. Time ran out before we could score another touchdown.
to become used up:His money soon ran out.
to drive out; expel:They want to run him out of the country.
run out of, to exhaust a quantity or supply of:She couldn't bake a cake because she had run out of sugar.
run out of gas,[Informal.]
to exhaust or lose one's energy, enthusiasm, etc.:After the first game of tennis, I ran out of gas and had to rest.
to falter for lack of impetus, ideas, capital, etc.:The economic recovery seems to be running out of gas.
run out on, to withdraw one's support from; abandon:No one could accuse him of running out on his friends.
to hit and knock down, esp. with a vehicle:She cried inconsolably when her cat was run over by a car.
to go beyond; exceed:His speech ran over the time limit.
to repeat; review:We'll run over that song again.
to overflow, as a vessel.
run scared, to be thrown into a state of fear or uncertainty because of a perceived threat; be apprehensive about survival or the future:Many businesses are running scared because of increasing competition.
to pierce or stab, as with a sword:to run someone through.
to consume or use up recklessly; squander:to run through a fortune.
to practice, review, or rehearse quickly or informally:to run through a scene.
to sew rapidly:She ran up some curtains.
to amass; incur:running up huge debts.
to cause to increase; raise:to run up costs unnecessarily.
to build, esp. hurriedly:They are tearing down old tenement blocks and running up skyscrapers.
to proceed or go ahead with:If the stockholders like the idea, we'll run with it.
to carry out with enthusiasm or speed.
an act or instance, or a period of running:a five-minute run before breakfast.
a hurrying to or from some point, as on an errand:a run to reach the store before it closes.
a fleeing, esp. in great haste; flight:a run from the police who were hot on his trail.
a running pace:The boys set out at a run.
an act or instance or a period of moving rapidly, as in a boat or automobile:a run to shore before the storm.
distance covered, as by racing, running, or during a trip:a three-mile run.
an act or instance or a period of traveling or moving between two places; trip:a truck on its daily run from farm to market; a nonstop run from Louisville to Memphis.
Computinga single instance of carrying out the sequence of instructions in a program.
[Golf.]the distance that a golf ball moves along the ground after landing from a stroke:He got a seven-foot run with his chip shot.
a quick trip for a short stay at a place:to take a run up to New York.
See bomb run.
any portion of a military flight during which the aircraft flies directly toward the target in order to begin its attack:a strafing run.
the rapid movement, under its own power, of an aircraft on a runway, water, or another surface.
a routine flight from one place to another:the evening run from New York to London.
beat (def. 52b).
an interval or period during which something, as a machine, operates or continues operating:They kept each press in the plant on a 14-hour run.
the amount of anything produced in such a period:a daily run of 400,000 gallons of paint.
a line or place in knitted work where a series of stitches have slipped out or come undone:a run in a stocking.
onward movement, development, progress, course, etc.:the run of our business from a small store to a large chain.
the direction of something or of its component elements:the run of the grain of wood.
the particular course, order, or tendency of something:the normal run of events.
freedom to move around in, pass through, or use something:to allow one's guests the run of the house.
any rapid or easy course of progress:a run from trainee to supervisor.
a continuous series of performances, as of a play:a long run on Broadway.
an uninterrupted course of some state or condition; a spell:a run of good luck; a run of good weather.
a continuous extent of something, as a vein of ore.
an uninterrupted series or sequence of things, events, etc.:a run of 30 scoreless innings.
a sequence of cards in a given suit:a heart run.
Games[Cribbage.]a sequence of three or more cards in consecutive denominations without regard to suits.
any extensive continued demand, sale, or the like:a run on umbrellas on a rainy day.
a series of sudden and urgent demands for payment, as on a bank.
a period of being in demand or favor with the public:Her last book had a briefer run than her first.
a period during which liquid flows:They kept each oil well on an eight-hour run.
the amount that flows during such a period:a run of 500 barrels a day.
a small stream; brook; rivulet.
a flow or rush, as of water:The snow melting on the mountains caused a run of water into the valley.
a kind or class, as of goods:a superior run of blouses.
the typical, ordinary, or average kind:The run of 19th-century novels tends to be of a sociological nature.
an inclined course, as on a slope, designed or used for a specific purpose:a bobsled run; a run for training beginning skiers.
a fairly large enclosure within which domestic animals may move about freely; runway:a chicken run.
[Australian.]a large sheep ranch or area of grazing land.
the beaten track or usual trail used by deer or other wild animals; runway.
a trough or pipe for water or the like.
the movement of a number of fish upstream or inshore from deep water.
large numbers of fish in motion, esp. inshore from deep water or up a river for spawning:a run of salmon.
a number of animals moving together.
[Music.]a rapid succession of tones; roulade.
the horizontal distance between the face of a wall and the ridge of a roof.
the distance between the first and last risers of a flight of steps or staircase.
the horizontal distance between successive risers on a flight of steps or a staircase.
[Baseball.]the score unit made by safely running around all the bases and reaching home plate.
a series of successful shots, strokes, or the like, in a game.
[Naut.]the immersed portion of a hull abaft the middle body (opposed to entrance).
the runs, (used with a singular or plural v.)[Informal.]diarrhea.
a run for one's money:
close or keen competition:The out-of-town team gave us a run for our money.
enjoyment or profit in return for one's expense:This may not be the best tool kit, but it will give you a run for your money.
in the long run, in the course of long experience; in the end:Retribution will come, in the long run.
in the short run, as an immediate or temporary outcome:Recession may be averted in the short run if policy changes are made now.
on the run:
moving quickly; hurrying about:He's so busy, he's always on the run.
while running or in a hurry:I usually eat breakfast on the run.
escaping or hiding from the police:He was on the run for two years.
melted or liquefied:run butter.
poured in a melted state; run into and cast in a mold:run bronze.
Old Norse rinna, renna, partly continuing Old English rinnan; cognate with German rinnen; form run origin, originally past participle, later extended to present tense; (noun, nominal and adjective, adjectival) derivative of the verb, verbal
(verb, verbal) Middle English rinnen, rennen, partly bef. 900