quintessence

UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/kwɪnˈtɛsəns/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/kwɪnˈtɛsəns/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(kwin tesəns)


WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
quin•tes•sence /kwɪnˈtɛsəns/USA pronunciation   n. [countable;  usually singular;
usually: the + ~]
  1. the most perfect type or example of something:the quintessence of honesty.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
quin•tes•sence  (kwin tesəns),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. the pure and concentrated essence of a substance.
  2. the most perfect embodiment of something.
  3. Philosophy(in ancient and medieval philosophy) the fifth essence or element, ether, supposed to be the constituent matter of the heavenly bodies, the others being air, fire, earth, and water.
quin•tes•sen•tial  (kwin tesəns),USA pronunciation adj.  quin′tes•sential•ly, adv. 
  • Medieval Latin quīnta essentia fifth essence
  • 1400–50; Middle English

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
quintessence /kwɪnˈtɛsəns/ n
  1. the most typical representation of a quality, state, etc
  2. an extract of a substance containing its principle in its most concentrated form
  3. (in ancient and medieval philosophy) ether, the fifth and highest essence or element after earth, water, air, and fire, which was thought to be the constituent matter of the heavenly bodies and latent in all things
Etymology: 15th Century: via French from Medieval Latin quinta essentia the fifth essence, translation of Greek pemptē ousia
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