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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
pass /pæs/USA pronunciation   v. 
  1. to move past;
    go by: [+ object]to pass a car on the side of the road.[no object]Several cars passed before I realized we were slowing down.
  2. to go across or over an entrance, etc.;
    cross:[no object]The burglar stood in the hallway, then passed into the next room.
  3. to let something go without taking notice, etc.;
    disregard: [no object]let her offensive remarks pass.[+ object]Pass chapter two and go on to chapter three.
  4. to (cause to) allow to go through a barrier, etc.: [+ object]The guard passed the visitor after examining his papers.[no object]"Your papers are in order; you may pass,'' the guard said.
  5. to endure or undergo:[+ object]passed the worst night of their lives.
  6. to (cause to) elapse or go through a period of time: [+ object]How did you pass the time in Finland in winter?[no object]Actually, the days passed quickly.
  7. to come to an end:[no object]The crisis soon passed.
  8. to go away;
    depart:[no object]The feeling will pass.
  9. to undergo or complete successfully: [+ object]to pass an examination.[no object]Two students passed, but many more failed.
  10. to permit (a person) to complete an examination, course, etc., successfully:[+ object]The teacher passed all of her students.
  11. to be something not very good but still acceptable:[no object]This copy isn't very good, but it will pass.
  12. [no object] to live or be known as a member of a racial, religious, or ethnic group not one's own.
  13. to convey, transfer, or transmit:[+ object]Please pass the salt.
  14. to (cause to) go or move onward: [+ object]to pass a rope through a hole.[no object]Can the rope pass through this hole?
  15. to cause to be accepted:[+ object]trying to pass a bad check.
  16. to be exchanged or conveyed, as between two persons:[no object]Sharp words passed between them.
  17. to discharge or excrete from the body: [+ object]He passed a kidney stone in his urine.[no object]Don't worry, the kidney stones will pass normally through your urine.
  18. to approve, esp. by vote:[+ object]Congress passed the bill.
  19. to obtain the approval of: [+ object]The bill passed the Senate.[no object]The bill didn't pass.
  20. to express, as an opinion:[+ object]to pass judgment without knowing the facts.
  21. Sportto transfer (a ball or puck) to a teammate: [+ object]He passed the ball to his teammate.[no object]He couldn't pass to anyone, so he shot.
  22. to express or pronounce an opinion or judgment:[no object;  usually: ~ + on + object]Will you pass on the authenticity of this drawing?
  23. pass away or on, [no object] to die:She passed away quietly in her sleep.
  24. pass down, [+ down + object] to tell or teach (traditions, etc.) to one's descendants;
    hand down:passing down important traditions to the next generation.
  25. pass off: 
    • to present or sell (something) deceptively or under false pretenses: [+ off + object]The used car salesman tried to pass off this cheap car as a more expensive model.[+ object + off]He tried to pass it off as a new model.
    • [+ oneself + off + as] to cause to be accepted under a false identity:He passed himself off as a doctor.
  26. pass on: 
    • [no object] Also,  pass away, to die.
    • to give something to someone;
      tell information to someone: [+ object + on]passed the latest gossip on.[+ on +  object]Pass on the information to your co-workers.
  27. pass out, [no object] to faint:He passed out from all the drinking.
  28. pass over: 
    • [+ over + object] to disregard;
      ignore:I will pass over the fact that my opponent is a liar.
    • to fail to notice or consider;
      overlook: [+ over +  object]The company passed over several qualified women and hired a man.[+ object + over]They passed him over for the promotion again.
  29. pass up, to refuse or neglect to take advantage of, as an opportunity: [+ up + object]When he turned down that job offer, he passed up a golden opportunity.[+ object + up]The offer was so good she just couldn't pass it up.

n. [countable]
  1. an act of passing.
  2. a narrow route or way across a low area in a mountain range.
  3. a permission to pass, or enter:He showed his pass and the guard let him into the building.
    • Militarywritten permission given a soldier to be absent briefly from a station:He had a three-day pass to Seoul.
  4. a free ticket or permit:a pass to get into the show.
  5. a particular stage or state of affairs:The situation came to a dreadful pass.
  6. a single movement, effort, etc.:The bombers had only enough fuel for one pass at the target.
  7. Informal Termsa gesture, action, or remark intended to be sexually inviting:He made several passes at her.
  8. Sportthe transfer of a ball or puck from one teammate to another:threw a perfect pass to him for the touchdown.
  1. come to pass , [It + ~ + (that) clause]: to happen;
    occur:It came to pass that a babe was born in a manger.

See -pass-1.
-pass-1  ,root. 
  1. -pass- comes from Latin, where it has the meaning "step;
    pace.'' This meaning is found in such words as: bypass, compass, encompass, impasse, pass, passable, passage, passageway, passport, surpass, trespass, underpass.

-pass-2  ,root. 
  1. -pass- comes from Latin, where it has the meaning "suffer;
    experience.'' It is related to -pat-. This meaning is found in such words as: compassion, dispassionate, impassioned, impassive, passion, passive.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
pass  (pas, päs),USA pronunciation v.t. 
  1. to move past;
    go by:to pass another car on the road.
  2. to let go without notice, action, remark, etc.;
    leave unconsidered;
    overlook:Pass chapter two and go on to chapter three.
  3. to omit the usual or regular payment of:The company decided to pass its dividend in the third quarter of the year.
  4. to cause or allow to go through or beyond a gate, barrier, etc.:The guard checked the identification papers and then passed the visitor.
  5. to go across or over (a stream, threshold, etc.);
  6. to endure or undergo:They passed the worst night of their lives.
  7. to undergo or complete successfully:to pass an examination.
  8. to cause or permit to complete successfully (an investigation, examination, course of study, etc.):I am passing the whole class this term.
  9. to go beyond (a point, degree, stage, etc.);
  10. to cause to go or extend farther:to pass a rope through a hole.
  11. to cause to go, move, or march by:to pass troops in review.
  12. to allot to oneself (a portion of time);
    spend:He decided to pass a year abroad.
  13. to live through, utilize, or fill;
    occupy oneself during:How to pass the time?
  14. to cause to circulate or spread;
    disseminate:to pass rumors.
  15. to cause to be accepted or received:to pass a worthless check.
  16. to convey, transfer, or transmit;
    deliver (often fol. by on):Pass this memo on after reading it.
  17. to convey from one person, hand, etc., to another:Please pass the salt.
  18. to pledge:to pass one's word of honor to remain loyal.
  19. to utter, pronounce, or speak:She passed a remark about every passerby.
  20. to cause to go through something, as a process or agency:to pass returning travelers through customs.
  21. to discharge or void from the body, as excrement or a kidney stone.
  22. to sanction or approve, esp. by vote:Congress passed the bill.
  23. to obtain the approval or sanction of (a legislative body, committee, etc.), esp. by a vote:The bill passed Congress on the second vote.
  24. to express or pronounce, as an opinion:to pass judgment without knowing the facts.
  25. Lawto place legal title or interest in (another) by a conveyance, a will, or other transfer.
  26. (in feats of magic) to perform a pass on.
  27. Sport[Tennis.]to make a passing shot against (an opponent).
  28. Sportto transfer (the ball or puck) to a teammate.
  29. Sport[Bullfighting.](of a bullfighter) to provoke and guide the charge of (a bull) with the capa or esp. the muleta.

  1. to go or move onward;
  2. to come to or toward, then go beyond:to pass by a shop; to pass through town.
  3. to go away;
    depart:The dizzy feeling will pass in a minute.
  4. to elapse or slip by;
    be spent:The day passed very quickly for him.
  5. to come to an end:The crisis soon passed.
  6. to die.
  7. to take place;
    occur:What passed while I was on vacation?
  8. to go by or move past:The funeral procession passed slowly.
  9. to go about or circulate;
    be current.
  10. to serve as a marginally acceptable substitute:The facsimile isn't very good but it will pass.
  11. to live or be known as a member of a racial, religious, or ethnic group other than one's own, esp. to live and be known as a white person although of black ancestry.
  12. to be transferred or conveyed:The crown passed to the king's nephew.
  13. to be interchanged, as between two persons:Sharp words passed between them.
  14. to undergo transition or conversion:to pass from a solid to a liquid state.
  15. to go or get through a barrier, test, course of study, etc., successfully:Of the twenty who took the exam, only twelve passed.
  16. to go unheeded, unchallenged, or unremarked on:He decided to let the insult pass.
  17. to express or pronounce an opinion, judgment, verdict, etc. (usually fol. by on or upon):Will you pass on the authenticity of this drawing?
  18. to be voided, as excrement or a kidney stone.
  19. to obtain the vote of approval or sanction of a legislative body, official committee, or the like:The new tax bill finally passed.
  20. Law
    • (of a member of an inquest or other deliberative body) to sit (usually fol. by on or upon):to pass on a case of manslaughter.
    • to adjudicate.
    • to vest title or other legal interest in real or personal property in a new owner.
  21. to throw a ball from one person to another, as in a game of catch.
  22. Sportto make a pass, as in football or ice hockey.
  23. Games[Cards.]
    • to forgo one's opportunity to bid, play, etc.
    • to throw in one's hand.
  24. Sport[Fencing Obs.]to thrust or lunge.
  25. Idiomsbring to pass, to cause to happen;
    bring about:His wife's death brought to pass a change in his attitude toward religion.
  26. Idiomscome to pass, to occur;
    happen:Strange things came to pass.
  27. pass along or  through, to add (incurred extra costs or expenses) to the amount charged a client or customer:Airlines were passing along the sudden increase in fuel prices.
  28. pass away: 
    • to cease;
      end:All this trouble will pass away.
    • to die:He passed away during the night.
  29. pass for, to be accepted as;
    be considered:material that passed for silk.
  30. Idiomspass muster. See  muster (def. 11).
  31. pass off: 
    • to present or offer (something) under false pretenses;
      dispose of deceptively:to pass off a spurious de Kooning on a gullible buyer.
    • to cause to be accepted or received under a false identity:He passed himself off as a doctor.
    • to cease gradually;
      end:The headache passed off in the late afternoon.
    • to disregard or ignore.
    • to continue to completion;
      occur:The meeting passed off without incident.
  32. pass on, to die:The patient passed on after a long illness.
  33. pass out, [Informal.]
    • to lose consciousness;
    • to die;
      pass away.
    • to distribute, esp. individually by hand:to pass out discount coupons on a street corner.
    • to walk or march out or through;
      leave or exit by means of:The graduates will pass out the center aisle after receiving their diplomas. Pass out this door and turn left.
    • to be exempted or promoted from:Jerry passed out of freshman composition on the basis of his entering essay.
  34. pass over: 
    • to disregard;
      ignore:Just pass over the first part of his letter.
    • to fail to take notice of or consider:He was passed over for the promotion.
  35. pass up, to refuse or neglect to take advantage of;
    reject:The opportunity may not come again, so don't pass it up.

  1. an act of passing.
  2. a narrow route across a relatively low notch or depression in a mountain barrier.
  3. Geographya road, channel, or other way providing a means of passage, as through an obstructed region or other barrier.
  4. Geographya navigable channel, as at the mouth or in the delta of a river.
  5. a permission or license to pass, go, come, or enter.
  6. [Mil.]
    • Militarya military document granting the right to cross lines or to enter or leave a military or naval base or building.
    • Militarywritten authority given a soldier to leave a station or duty for a specified period of time.
  7. a free ticket or permit:two passes to a concert; a railroad pass.
  8. British Terms, Government[South African.]See  reference book (def. 2).
  9. British Terms[Chiefly Brit.]the act of passing a university or school examination or course without honors or distinction.
  10. Sportthe transfer of a ball or puck from one teammate to another.
  11. Sport[Baseball.]See  base on balls. 
  12. Sport[Fencing.]a thrust or lunge.
  13. a single movement, effort, maneuver, etc.:He made a pass at the control tower of the enemy airfield.
  14. Informal Terms
    • a gesture, action, or remark that is intended to be sexually inviting;
      amorous overture.
    • a jab or poke with the arm, esp. one that misses its mark.
  15. Games[Cards.]the act or statement of not bidding or raising another bid:There have been two passes and now it's your bid.
  16. (in feats of magic)
    • a passing of the hand over, along, or before anything.
    • the transference or changing of objects by or as by sleight of hand;
      a manipulation, as of a juggler.
  17. a particular stage or state of affairs:The economic situation had come to a dreadful pass.
  18. Sport[Bullfighting.]a pase.
  19. Mechanical Engineeringone passage of a tool over work or one passage of work through a machine.
  20. [Archaic.]a witty remark or thrust.
  21. Miningan opening for delivering coal or ore to a lower level underground.
passless, adj. 
  • Middle French passe (noun, nominal derivative of passer), in part noun, nominal derivative of passen
  • Vulgar Latin *passāre, derivative of Latin passus step, pace1; (noun, nominal) Middle English; in part
  • Old French passer
  • (verb, verbal) Middle English passen 1175–1225
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged ignore.
    • 9.See corresponding entry in Unabridged excel.
    • 22.See corresponding entry in Unabridged enact.
    • 32.See corresponding entry in Unabridged leave.
    • 34.See corresponding entry in Unabridged expire, cease, terminate, vanish, fade, disappear.
    • 57.See corresponding entry in Unabridged b. See  die 1.
    • 66.See corresponding entry in Unabridged saddle, col.
    • 81.See corresponding entry in Unabridged juncture, situation, condition.

  1. passenger.
  2. passim.
  3. Grammarpassive.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
pass /pɑːs/ vb
  1. to go onwards or move by or past (a person, thing, etc)
  2. to run, extend, or lead through, over, or across (a place): the route passes through the city
  3. to go through or cause to go through (an obstacle or barrier): to pass a needle through cloth
  4. to move or cause to move onwards or over: he passed his hand over her face
  5. (transitive) to go beyond or exceed: this victory passes all expectation
  6. to gain or cause to gain an adequate or required mark, grade, or rating in (an examination, course, etc): the examiner passed them all
  7. often followed by away or by: to elapse or allow to elapse: we passed the time talking
  8. (intransitive) to take place or happen: what passed at the meeting?
  9. to speak or exchange or be spoken or exchanged: angry words passed between them
  10. to spread or cause to spread: we passed the news round the class
  11. to transfer or exchange or be transferred or exchanged: the bomb passed from hand to hand
  12. (intransitive) to undergo change or transition: to pass from joy to despair
  13. when tr, often followed by down: to transfer or be transferred by inheritance: the house passed to the younger son
  14. to agree to or sanction or to be agreed to or receive the sanction of a legislative body, person of authority, etc: the assembly passed 10 resolutions
  15. (transitive) (of a legislative measure) to undergo (a procedural stage) and be agreed: the bill passed the committee stage
  16. when tr, often followed by on or upon: to pronounce or deliver (judgment, findings, etc): the court passed sentence
  17. to go or allow to go without comment or censure: the intended insult passed unnoticed
  18. (intransitive) to opt not to exercise a right, as by not answering a question or not making a bid or a play in card games
  19. to discharge (urine, faeces, etc) from the body
  20. pass waterto urinate
  21. (intransitive) to come to an end or disappear: his anger soon passed
  22. (intr; usually followed by for or as) to be likely to be mistaken for or accepted as (someone or something else): you could easily pass for your sister
  23. to hit, kick, or throw (the ball) to another player
  24. bring to passarchaic to cause to happen
  25. come to passto happen
  1. the act of passing
  2. a route through a range of mountains where the summit is lower or where there is a gap between peaks
  3. a permit, licence, or authorization to do something without restriction
  4. a document allowing entry to and exit from a military installation
  5. a document authorizing leave of absence
  6. Brit the passing of a college or university examination to a satisfactory standard but not as high as honours
  7. (as modifier): a pass degree
  8. a dive, sweep, or bombing or landing run by an aircraft
  9. a motion of the hand or of a wand as a prelude to or part of a conjuring trick
  10. informal an attempt, in words or action, to invite sexual intimacy (esp in the phrase make a pass at)
  11. a state of affairs or condition, esp a bad or difficult one (esp in the phrase a pretty pass)
  12. the transfer of a ball from one player to another
  13. a thrust or lunge with a sword
  14. the act of passing (making no bid)
  1. a call indicating that a player has no bid to make

See also pass off, pass out, pass overEtymology: 13th Century: from Old French passer to pass, surpass, from Latin passūs step, pace1
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
pass. abbreviation for
  1. passive
'pass by' also found in these entries:

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