partition

UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/pɑːrˈtɪʃən/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/pɑrˈtɪʃən, pɚ-/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(pär tishən, pər-)


WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
par•ti•tion /pɑrˈtɪʃən, pɚ-/USA pronunciation   n. 
  1. a division into portions;
    a separation, as of two or more things:[uncountable]the partition of the former Communist empire into dozens of independent states.
  2. Building a wall or barrier within a space, dividing it into separate areas:[countable]A partition in your apartment would provide privacy.

v. [+ object]
  1. to divide into parts or portions.
  2. Buildingto divide or separate by a partition [~ (+ off) + object]to partition (off) a dining area.[+ object (+ off)]to partition the area (off).
  3. Governmentto divide (a territory) into separate political parts:The defeated country was partitioned and governed by the UN.
par•ti•tioned, adj. See -par-.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
par•ti•tion  (pär tishən, pər-),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. a division into or distribution in portions or shares.
  2. a separation, as of two or more things.
  3. something that separates or divides.
  4. a part, division, or section.
  5. Buildingan interior wall or barrier dividing a room, area of a building, enclosure, etc., into separate areas.
  6. a septum or dissepiment, as in a plant or animal structure.
  7. Lawa division of property among joint owners or tenants in common or a sale of such property followed by a division of the proceeds.
  8. Philosophy[Logic.]the separation of a whole into its integrant parts.
  9. Mathematics
    • a mode of separating a positive whole number into a sum of positive whole numbers.
    • Mathematicsthe decomposition of a set into disjoint subsets whose union is the original set:A partition of the set(1, 2, 3, 4, 5) is the collection of subsets (1), (2, 3), (4), and (5).
  10. Rhetoric(in a speech organized on classical principles) the second, usually brief section or part in which a speaker announces the chief lines of thought to be discussed in support of his or her theme.

v.t. 
  1. to divide into parts or portions.
  2. Buildingto divide or separate by interior walls, barriers, or the like (sometimes fol. by off):to partition off a dormitory into cubicles.
  3. to divide (a country or territory) into separate, usually differing political entities. Cf.  Balkanize. 
  4. Lawto divide property among several owners, either in specie or by sale and division of the proceeds.
par•tition•a•ble, adj. 
par•tition•ar′y, adj. 
par•tition•er, par•tition•ist, n. 
par•tition•ment, n. 
  • Latin partītiōn- (stem of partītiō) division, equivalent. to partīt(us) past participle of partīrī to divide (see party) + -iōn- -ion
  • late Middle English 1400–50
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged See  division. 
    • 11.See corresponding entry in Unabridged portion, apportion.
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged unity.
    • 11.See corresponding entry in Unabridged unite.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
partition /pɑːˈtɪʃən/ n
  1. a division into parts; separation
  2. something that separates, such as a large screen dividing a room in two
  3. a part or share
  4. a division of a country into two or more separate nations
  5. a division of property, esp realty, among joint owners
vb (transitive)
  1. (often followed by off) to separate or apportion into sections: to partition a room off with a large screen
Etymology: 15th Century: via Old French from Latin partītiō, from partīre to divide
'partition' also found in these entries (note: many are not synonyms or translations):
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