par

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈpɑːr/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/pɑr/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(pär)


Inflections of 'par' (v): (⇒ conjugate)
pars
v 3rd person singular
parring
v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
parred
v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed."
parred
v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked."

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
par1 /pɑr/USA pronunciation   n., adj., v.,  parred, par•ring. 
n. 
  1. an equality in value;
    a level of equality:[countable;  usually singular;on/at + a + ~]The company saw its gains rise on a par with losses.
  2. an average or normal amount, degree, etc.:[uncountable]He doesn't look up to par these days; maybe he's tired.
  3. Sport[uncountable] the number of golf strokes set as a standard for a certain hole or a complete course.

v. [+ object]
  1. [Golf.]to hit the number of strokes that equals par on (a hole or course):parred the last two holes.
Idioms
  1. Idiomspar for the course, [be + ~] exactly what one might expect;
    typical:His nasty behavior is par for the course in that company.

See -par-.
-par-, root. 
  • -par- comes from Latin, where it has the meaning "equal;
    a piece.'' This meaning is found in such words as: apart, apartheid, bipartisan, comparable, compare, compartment, counterpart, depart, department, departure, disparage, impart, incomparable, pair, par, parenthesis, part, partial, participle, particle, particular, partisan, partition, party, repartee.

  • par.,  an abbreviation of:
    1. paragraph.
    2. parallel.
    3. parenthesis.

    WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
    par1  (pär),USA pronunciation n., adj., v.,  parred, par•ring. 
    n. 
    1. an equality in value or standing;
      a level of equality:The gains and the losses are on a par.
    2. an average, usual, or normal amount, degree, quality, condition, standard, or the like:above par; to feel below par.
    3. Sport[Golf.]the number of strokes set as a standard for a specific hole or a complete course.
    4. Business[Finance.]
      • the legally established value of the monetary unit of one country in terms of that of another using the same metal as a standard of value.
      • the state of the shares of any business, undertaking, loan, etc., when they may be purchased at the original price(issue par) or at their face value (nominal par). 
    5. Business, Businessat par, [Finance.](of a share) purchasable at issue par or nominal par.
    6. Idiomspar for the course, exactly what one might expect;
      typical:They were late again, but that's par for the course.

    adj. 
    1. average or normal.
    2. Business[Finance.]at or pertaining to par:the par value of a bond.

    v.t. 
    1. [Golf.]to equal par on (a hole or course).
    • Latin pār equal
    • 1615–25

    par2  (pär),USA pronunciation adj. [Insurance.]
    1. Insurance, Businessof or pertaining to participating insurance.
    • shortening of participating

    par-, 
  • var. of  para- 1 before a vowel:parenchyma.

  • par., 
    1. paragraph.
    2. parallel.
    3. parenthesis.
    4. parish.

    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
    par /pɑː/ n
    1. an accepted level or standard, such as an average (esp in the phrase up to par)
    2. a state of equality (esp in the phrase on a par with)
    3. the established value of the unit of one national currency in terms of the unit of another where both are based on the same metal standard
    4. See par value
    5. the condition of equality between the current market value of a share, bond, etc, and its face value (the nominal par). This equality is indicated by at par, while above (or below) par indicates that the market value is above (or below) face value
    6. an estimated standard score for a hole or course that a good player should make: par for the course was 72
    7. below par, under parnot feeling or performing as well as normal
    8. par for the coursean expected or normal occurrence or situation
    adj
    1. average or normal
    2. (usually prenominal) of or relating to par: par value
    Etymology: 17th Century: from Latin pār equal, on a level; see peer1
    WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
    para-1 ,prefix. 
  • para- comes from Greek, where it has the meaning "at or to one side of, beside, side by side.'' This meaning is found in such words as: parabola;
    paragraph
    .
  • para- is also used to mean "beyond, past, by'': paradox.
  • para- also has the meaning "abnormal, defective'': paranoia.
  • para- is also attached to names of jobs or occupations to mean "ancillary, subsidiary, assisting.'' This meaning is found in such words as: paralegal;
    paraprofessional
    .
  • Also,[esp. before a vowel,]par-. 
    para-3 ,prefix. 
  • para- is taken from parachute, and is used to form compounds that refer to persons or things that use parachutes or that are landed by parachute:paratrooper.

  • WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
    pa•ra1  (pä rä, pärä),USA pronunciation n., pl.  -ras, -ra. 
    1. Currencya former copper coin of Turkey, the 40th part of a piaster.
    • Persian pāra literally, piece
    • Turkish
    • 1680–90

    pa•ra2  (pä rä, pärä),USA pronunciation n., pl.  -ras, -ra. 
    1. Currencyan aluminum-bronze coin and monetary unit of Yugoslavia, the 100th part of a dinar.
    • Turkish; see para1
    • Serbo-Croatian pàra
    • 1905–10

    par•a3  (parə),USA pronunciation adj. [Chem.]
    1. Chemistrypertaining to or occupying two positions (1, 4) in the benzene ring that are separated by two carbon atoms. Cf.  ortho, meta 2.

    n. 
    1. Chemistrypara-dichlorobenzene.
    • independent use of para-1 1875–80

    par•a4  (parə),USA pronunciation n. [Informal.]
    1. Informal Termsa paraprofessional.
    2. Informal Termsa paratrooper.
    • by shortening of words compounded with para-1, para-3 1955–60

    par•a5  (parə),USA pronunciation n., pl.  par•as, par•ae (parə),USA pronunciation  Obstetrics.
    1. MedicineAlso called  parity. a woman's status regarding the bearing of viable offspring: usually followed by a Roman numeral designating the number of times the woman has given birth.
    2. Medicinethe woman herself. Cf.  gravida. 
    • extracted from primapara, multipara, etc. 1880–85

    Pa•rá  (pä rä),USA pronunciation n. 
    1. Place Namesan estuary in N Brazil: an arm of the Amazon. 200 mi. (320 km) long;
      40 mi. (65 km) wide.
    2. Place NamesBelém.
    3. See  Pará rubber. 

    para-1 , 
  • a prefix appearing in loanwords from Greek, most often attached to verbs and verbal derivatives, with the meanings "at or to one side of, beside, side by side'' (parabola;
    paragraph;
    parallel;
    paralysis
    ), "beyond, past, by'' (paradox;
    paragogue
    );
    by extension from these senses, this prefix came to designate objects or activities auxiliary to or derivative of that denoted by the base word (parody;
    paronomasia
    ), and hence abnormal or defective (paranoia), a sense now common in modern scientific coinages (parageusia;
    paralexia
    ). As an English prefix,  para- 1 may have any of these senses;
    it is also productive in the naming of occupational roles considered ancillary or subsidiary to roles requiring more training, or of a higher status, on such models as  paramedical and  paraprofessional: paralegal;
    paralibrarian;
    parapolice.
  • Chemistrya combining form designating the para (1, 4) position in the benzene ring. Abbr.: p-. Cf.  meta- (def. 2c), ortho- (def. 2b). See diag. under  ortho-. 
  • Also,[esp. before a vowel,] par-. 
    • Greek para-, combining form representing pará (preposition) beside, alongside of, by, beyond

    para-2 , 
  • a combining form meaning "guard against,'' occurring in loanwords from French, or, via French, from Italian:parachute; parasol.
    • Latin parāre to prepare
    • Italian para, 3d singular present of parare to prepare against, ward off
    • French

    para-3 , 
  • a combining form extracted from  parachute, forming compounds denoting persons or things utilizing parachutes or landed by parachute:paradrop; paraglider;paratrooper.

  • Para., 
  • Place NamesParaguay.

  • Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
    Par. abbreviation for
    1. Paraguay
    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
    par. abbreviation for
    1. paragraph
    2. parenthesis
    3. parish
    'par' also found in these entries:
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