Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
pains /peɪnz/ pl n
  1. care, trouble, or effort (esp in the phrases take pains, be at pains to)
  2. painful sensations experienced during contractions in childbirth; labour pains
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
pain /peɪn/USA pronunciation   n. 
  1. physical suffering;
    great discomfort:[uncountable]maintained that pain existed only in the mind.
  2. an instance of such suffering:[countable]a back pain.
  3. severe mental or emotional distress:[uncountable]the pain of loneliness.
  4. pains, [plural]
    • great care:Take pains with your work.
    • Medicinethe contractions in the uterus during childbirth.
  5. Also called  pain in the neck. an annoying person or thing:[countable]She can be a real pain (in the neck), always bothering people with her problems.

v. 
  1. to cause pain to: [+ object]Your dishonesty pained me.[It + ~ + object + to + verb]It pains me to tell you this, but you're wrong.
Idioms
  1. go to great pains, [+  to + verb] to make a great effort to do something:He went to great pains to avoid the draft.
  2. Idiomson or under pain of, resulting in;
    risking:You can't bring whiskey into that country on pain of death.


WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
pain  (pān),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. physical suffering or distress, as due to injury, illness, etc.
  2. a distressing sensation in a particular part of the body:a back pain.
  3. mental or emotional suffering or torment:I am sorry my news causes you such pain.
  4. pains: 
    • laborious or careful efforts;
      assiduous care:Great pains have been taken to repair the engine perfectly.
    • the suffering of childbirth.
  5. [Informal.]an annoying or troublesome person or thing.
  6. feel no pain, [Informal.]to be intoxicated:After all that free beer, we were feeling no pain.
  7. on, upon, or under pain of, liable to the penalty of:on pain of death.
  8. pain in the ass, [Slang](vulgar). pain (def. 5).
  9. pain in the neck, [Informal.]pain (def. 5).

v.t. 
  1. to cause physical pain to;
    hurt.
  2. to cause (someone) mental or emotional pain;
    distress: Your sarcasm pained me.

v.i. 
  1. to have or give pain.
  • Greek poiné̄ penalty
  • Latin poena penalty, pain
  • Old French
  • Middle English peine punishment, torture, pain 1250–1300
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged –3 . torture, misery, torment.
      Pain, ache, agony, anguish are terms for sensations causing suffering or torment.
      Pain and
      ache usually refer to physical sensations (except heartache);
      agony and
      anguish may be physical or mental.
      Pain suggests a sudden sharp twinge: a pain in one's ankle. Ache applies to a continuous pain, whether acute or dull: headache;
      muscular aches.
      Agony implies a continuous, excruciating, scarcely endurable pain: in agony from a wound. Anguish suggests not only extreme and long-continued pain, but also a feeling of despair.
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged pang, twinge, stitch.
    • 4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged a . See care.
    • 11.See corresponding entry in Unabridged afflict, torment;
      trouble, grieve.
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged joy, delight.
    • 11.See corresponding entry in Unabridged please.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
pain /peɪn/ n
  1. the sensation of acute physical hurt or discomfort caused by injury, illness, etc
  2. emotional suffering or mental distress
  3. on pain ofsubject to the penalty of
  4. Also called: pain in the neck, (taboo) pain in the arse informal a person or thing that is a nuisance
vb (transitive)
  1. to cause (a person) distress, hurt, grief, anxiety, etc
  2. informal to annoy; irritate

See also painsEtymology: 13th Century: from Old French peine, from Latin poena punishment, grief, from Greek poinē penalty
'pains' also found in these entries:
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