WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
pack1 /pæk/USA pronunciation   n. [countable]
  1. a number of things wrapped together for easy handling;
    a bundle:We loaded several packs on the donkeys.
  2. backpack.
  3. a definite amount of something sold, with its package:a pack of cigarettes.
  4. a group of things:a pack of lies.
  5. a group of animals of the same kind, esp. animals that hunt together:a pack of wolves.
  6. a set of playing cards;
    a deck.
  7. Medicinea cloth or small package used to wrap an injured part of the body for healing:put an ice pack on the bee sting.

v. 
  1. to make into a pack or bundle:[+ object]He packed the snow into a hard ball.
  2. to be easily made into a pack or any small, tight mass:[no object]Wet snow packs easily.
  3. to fill (something) with suitable objects:[+ object]to pack a trunk with clothes for the trip.
  4. to put (clothes, etc.) into a case, etc., as for traveling or storage: [+ object]to pack clothes for a trip.[no object]Haven't you packed yet?
  5. to crowd together within;
    cram: [+ object]The crowd packed the gallery.[+ into + object]Thousands packed into the stadium to hear his farewell concert.
  6. to carry or wear as part of one's usual equipment:[+ object]In the U.S., police officers usually pack a gun.
  7. Informal Termsto be able to deliver;
    to possess:[ not: be + ~-ing; + object]This champion packs a mean punch.
  8. pack in, [+ object + in] to attract (people) in large numbers:The new movie was packing them in during its first week of showing.
  9. pack in or  up, to give up or give in;
    to abandon: [+ in/up +  object]to pack in one's career at age 35.[+ object + in/up]deciding to pack it all in and retire.
  10. pack off or  away, to send away, often with speed or eagerness: [+ object + off/away]to pack the kids off to camp.[~  + off/away +  object]to pack off the kids to camp.

adj. [before a noun]
  1. used for carrying a pack or load:a sturdy pack horse.

pack2 /pæk/USA pronunciation   v. [+ object]
  1. to choose, collect, or organize (cards, persons, etc.) so as to serve one's own purposes:to pack the jury with women jurors.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
pack1  (pak),USA pronunciation  n. 
  1. a group of things wrapped or tied together for easy handling or carrying;
    a bundle, esp. one to be carried on the back of an animal or a person: a mule pack;
    a hiker's pack.
  2. a definite quantity or standard measure of something wrapped up or otherwise assembled for merchandising (sometimes used in combination): a pack of cigarettes;
    a six-pack of beer.
  3. the quantity of something that is packaged, canned, or the like, at one time, in one season, etc.: last year's salmon pack.
  4. a group of people or things: a pack of fools;
    a pack of lies.
  5. a group of certain animals of the same kind, esp. predatory ones: a pack of wolves.
  6. Sport Hunting. a number of hounds, esp. foxhounds and beagles, regularly used together in a hunt.
  7. Gamesa complete set of playing cards, usually 52 in number;
    deck.
  8. backpack.
  9. Geologya considerable area of pieces of floating ice driven or packed together.
  10. Metallurgya pile of metal sheets for hot-rolling together.
  11. MedicineMed.
    • a wrapping of the body in wet or dry clothes for therapeutic purposes.
    • the cloths so used.
    • Obs. the state of being so wrapped.
  12. MiningMining.
    • Also called  pack wall. a rubble wall for supporting a roof.
    • any of various other roof supports of timber, timber and rubble, or rubble and wire mesh.
  13. Clothinga cosmetic material, usually of a pastelike consistency, applied either to the face or to the hair and scalp: a mud pack;
    a beauty pack;
    a henna pack.
  14. Clothingpac2 (def. 1).
  15. Obs. a plot;
    conspiracy.
  16. Obs. a low or worthless person.

v.t. 
  1. to make into a pack or bundle.
  2. to form into a group or compact mass.
  3. to fill with anything compactly arranged: to pack a trunk.
  4. to put into or arrange compactly in a trunk, valise, etc., as for traveling or storage: I packed a two-week supply of clothes for the trip.
  5. to press or crowd together within;
    cram: The crowd packed the gallery.
  6. to prepare for marketing by putting into containers or packages: to pack fruit for shipping.
  7. to make airtight, vaportight, or watertight by stuffing: to pack the piston of a steam engine.
  8. to cover or envelop with something pressed closely around.
  9. to load, as with packs: We packed the mules and then set off for the lake.
  10. to carry or wear, esp. as part of one's usual equipment: to pack a gun.
  11. Informal Termsto deliver (a powerful blow, strong message, etc.): He packs a better punch than any heavyweight in years. His speech packed a powerful plea for peace.
  12. Medicineto treat with a therapeutic pack.

v.i. 
  1. to pack goods in compact form, as for transportation or storage (often fol. by up).
  2. to place clothes and personal items in a suitcase, trunk, etc., preparatory to traveling.
  3. to be capable of or suitable for compact storage or packing for transportation: articles that pack well.
  4. to crowd together, as persons: The audience packed into the auditorium.
  5. to become compacted: Wet snow packs readily.
  6. to collect into a group: The grouse began to pack.
  7. pack in or up, to relinquish or give up;
    quit: One failure was no reason to pack the whole experiment in. After thirty years of touring, the violinist packed his career up and retired.
  8. Idiomspack it in: 
    • Idiomsto give up;
      abandon one's efforts: In 1972 we packed it in and moved back to Florida.
    • Idiomsto cease being a nuisance.
  9. pack off or away: 
    • to dispatch: We packed the kids off to camp for the summer.
    • to leave hastily.

adj. 
  1. transporting, or used in transporting, a pack or load: pack animals.
  2. compressed into a pack;
    packed.
  3. used in or adapted for packing: pack equipment.
  4. British TermsChiefly Scot. (of animals) tame.
  • Middle Dutch or Middle Low German
  • Middle Dutch pac or perh. Middle Low German pak; (verb, verbal) Middle English pakken
  • (noun, nominal) Middle English pak, packe 1175–1225
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged See  package. 
    • 4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged band, company, crew.
    • 5.See corresponding entry in Unabridged See flock1

pack2  (pak),USA pronunciation v.t. 
  1. to choose, collect, arrange, or manipulate (cards, persons, facts, etc.) so as to serve one's own purposes: to pack the deck;
    to pack a jury.
  • perh. variant of pact 1520–30

pack3  (pak),USA pronunciation adj. 
  • British Terms[Scot.]very friendly or intimate.
    • perh. special use of pack1 1780–90

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