over

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈəʊvər/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/ˈoʊvɚ/ ,USA pronunciation: respellingvər)


WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
o•ver /ˈoʊvɚ/USA pronunciation   prep. 
  1. above in place or position:the roof over one's head.
  2. above and to the other side of:The car went over the guard rail.
  3. above in authority, rank, power, etc.:They have control over the news media.
  4. so as to rest on or cover;
    on or upon:She pulled the blankets over her head and fell asleep.
  5. on top of:She hit the intruder over the head with a frying pan.
  6. across;
    throughout:They hitchhiked all over Europe.
  7. from one side to the other of;
    on or to the other side of;
    across:lands over the sea; If you go over the bridge you will be in Illinois.
  8. in excess of;
    more than:Both children read over twenty books last summer.
  9. above in degree, quantity, etc.:a big improvement over last year's numbers.
  10. in preference to:He was chosen over another applicant.
  11. throughout the length of;
    during;
    until the end of:We wrote to each other over a long period of years.
  12. in reference to, concerning, or about:to quarrel over a matter.
  13. while doing or attending to:to discuss the situation over lunch.
  14. Radio and Televisionvia;
    by means of:I heard it over the radio.
  15. because of;
    caused by:I don't want an argument over this.

adv. 
  1. beyond the top or upper part of something:The soup boiled over.
  2. so as to cover or affect the whole surface:The furniture was covered over with dust.
  3. through a region, area, etc.:He is known the world over.
  4. at some distance, such as in a direction indicated:They live over by the hill.
  5. from one side or place to another or across an intervening space:to sail over; Toss the ball over, will you?
  6. from beginning to end;
    throughout:Think it over carefully.
  7. from one person, party, etc., to another:He handed the property over to his brother.
  8. on the other side, as of a sea, a river, or any space:Next time we'll come over to Japan.
  9. so as to be moved from a standing or straight position:to knock over a glass; to fall over.
  10. so as to put or be in the reversed position:The dog rolled over.
  11. once more;
    again:Do the work over.
  12. in repetition:20 times over.
  13. in excess or addition:to pay the full sum and something over.
  14. divided by:48 over 2 is 24.

adj. [be + ~]
  1. ended;
    done;
    past;
    finished:They became friends when the war was over.

n. [countable]
  1. an amount in excess or addition;
    extra.

interj. 
  1. Radio and Television(used in radio communications to signal that the sender is waiting for a reply to or an acknowledgment of a message just sent):Tower, this is Flight 77 requesting permission to land, over.Compare out (def. 37).
Idioms
  1. Idiomsall over: 
    •  throughout;
       everywhere:They traveled all over when they visited Australia.
    •  ended;
       finished;
      over with:The season was all over when they lost that game.
  2. Idiomsover and above, [+ object] in addition to;
    besides:These expenses are over and above our initial estimates.
  3. Idiomsover and over, many times;
    repeatedly:We thanked him over and over.
  4. Idiomsover the hill, [uncountable] past one's prime:That quarterback is over the hill and should retire.
  5. Idiomsover with, finished;
    ended;
    done:Their relationship was over with.

    See above.

over-, prefix. 
  • over- is attached to nouns and verbs and means the same as the adverb or adjective over, as in :overboard; overhang;overlord;overthrow.
  • over- is also used to mean "over the limit;
    to excess;
    too much;
    too'':overact (= to act too much); overaggressive (= too aggressive);overfull;overweight.
  • over- is also used to mean "outer,'' as when referring to an outer covering:overskirt (= a skirt worn over something, such as a gown).

  • WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
    o•ver  vər),USA pronunciation prep. 
    1. above in place or position:the roof over one's head.
    2. above and to the other side of:to leap over a wall.
    3. above in authority, rank, power, etc., so as to govern, control, or have jurisdiction regarding:There is no one over her in the department now.
    4. so as to rest on or cover;
      on or upon:Throw a sheet over the bed.
    5. on or upon, so as to cause an apparent change in one's mood, attitude, etc.:I can't imagine what has come over her.
    6. on or on top of:to hit someone over the head.
    7. here and there on or in;
      about:at various places over the country.
    8. through all parts of;
      all through:to roam over the estate; to show someone over the house.
    9. to and fro on or in;
      across;
      throughout:to travel all over Europe.
    10. from one side to the other of;
      to the other side of;
      across:to go over a bridge.
    11. on the other side of;
      across:lands over the sea.
    12. reaching higher than, so as to submerge:The water is over his shoulders.
    13. in excess of;
      more than:over a mile; not over five dollars.
    14. above in degree, quantity, etc.:a big improvement over last year's turnout.
    15. in preference to:chosen over another applicant.
    16. throughout the length of:The message was sent over a great distance.
    17. until after the end of:to adjourn over the holidays.
    18. throughout the duration of:over a long period of years.
    19. in reference to, concerning, or about:to quarrel over a matter.
    20. while engaged in or occupied with:to fall asleep over one's work.
    21. Radio and Televisionvia;
      by means of:He told me over the phone. I heard it over the radio.
    22. Idiomsover and above, in addition to;
      besides:a profit over and above what they had anticipated.
    23. Idiomsover the hill. See  hill (def. 8).

    adv. 
    1. beyond the top or upper surface or edge of something:a roof that hangs over.
    2. so as to cover the surface, or affect the whole surface:The furniture was covered over with dust.
    3. through a region, area, etc.:He was known the world over.
    4. at some distance, as in a direction indicated:They live over by the hill.
    5. from side to side;
      across;
      to the other side:to sail over.
    6. across an intervening space:Toss the ball over, will you?
    7. across or beyond the edge or rim:The soup boiled over. The bathtub ran over.
    8. from beginning to end;
      throughout:to read a paper over; Think it over.
    9. from one person, party, etc., to another:Hand the money over. He made the property over to his brother.
    10. on the other side, as of a sea, a river, or any space:over in Japan.
    11. so as to displace from an upright position:to knock over a glass of milk.
    12. so as to put in the reversed position:She turned the bottle over. The dog rolled over.
    13. once more;
      again:Do the work over.
    14. in repetition or succession:twenty times over.
    15. in excess or addition:to pay the full sum and something over.
    16. in excess of or beyond a certain amount:Five goes into seven once, with two over.
    17. throughout or beyond a period of time:to stay over till Monday.
    18. to one's residence, office, or the like:Why don't you come over for lunch?
    19. so as to reach a place across an intervening space, body of water, etc.:Her ancestors came over on theMayflower
    20. Idiomsall over: 
      • over the entire surface of;
        everywhere:material printed all over with a floral design.
      • thoroughly;
        entirely.
      • finished:The war was all over and the soldiers came home.
    21. Idiomsall over with, ended;
      finished:It seemed miraculous that the feud was all over with.
    22. Idiomsover again, in repetition;
      once more:The director had the choir sing one passage over again.
    23. Idiomsover against. See  against (def. 12).
    24. Idiomsover and over, several times;
      repeatedly:They played the same record over and over.
    25. Idioms, Sportover there, [Informal.](in the U.S. during and after World War I) in or to Europe:Many of the boys who went over there never came back.
    26. Idiomsover with, finished or done:Let's get this thing over with, so that we don't have to worry about it any more.

    adj. 
    1. upper;
      higher up.
    2. higher in authority, station, etc.
    3. serving, or intended to serve, as an outer covering;
      outer.
    4. remaining or additional, surplus;
      extra.
    5. too great;
      excessive (usually used in combination):Insufficient tact and overaggressiveness are two of his problems.
    6. ended;
      done;
      past:when the war was over.

    n. 
    1. an amount in excess or addition;
      extra.
    2. Militarya shot that strikes or bursts beyond the target.
    3. Sport[Cricket.]
      • the number of balls, usually six, delivered between successive changes of bowlers.
      • the part of the game played between such changes.

    v.t. 
    1. to go or get over;
      leap over.
    2. Dialect Terms[Southern U.S.]to recover from.

    interj. 
    1. Radio and Television(used in radio communications to signify that the sender has temporarily finished transmitting and is awaiting a reply or acknowledgment.) Cf.  out (def. 61).
    • bef. 900; (adverb, adverbial, preposition) Middle English; Old English ofer; cognate with Dutch over, German ober; (adjective, adjectival) Middle English over(e), origin, originally variant of uver(e) (English dialect, dialectal uver; compare love), Old English ufera (akin to ofer), assimilated to the adverb, adverbial form; akin to Latin super, Greek hypér, Sanskrit upari. See up, hyper-

    over-, 
  • a prefixal use of  over, prep., adv., oradj., occurring in various senses in compounds (overboard;
    overcoat;
    overhang;
    overlap;
    overlord;
    overrun;
    overthrow
    ), and especially employed, with the sense of "over the limit,'' "to excess,'' "too much,'' "too,'' to form verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and nouns (overact;
    overcapitalize;
    overcrowd;
    overfull;
    overmuch;
    oversupply;
    overweight
    ), and many others, mostly self-explanatory: a hyphen, which is commonly absent from old or well-established formations, is sometimes used in new coinages or in any words whose component parts it may be desirable to set off distinctly.
    • Old English ofer-. See over Middle English

    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
    over /ˈəʊvə/ prep
    1. directly above; on the top of; via the top or upper surface of: over one's head
    2. on or to the other side of: over the river
    3. during; through, or throughout (a period of time)
    4. in or throughout all parts of: to travel over England
    5. throughout the whole extent of: over the racecourse
    6. above; in preference to: I like that over everything else
    7. by the agency of (an instrument of telecommunication): we heard it over the radio
    8. more than: over a century ago
    9. on the subject of; about: an argument over nothing
    10. while occupied in: discussing business over golf
    11. having recovered from the effects of: she's not over that last love affair yet
    12. over and aboveadded to; in addition to
    adv
    1. in a state, condition, situation, or position that is or has been placed or put over something: to climb over
    2. (particle) so as to cause to fall: knocking over a policeman
    3. at or to a point across intervening space, water, etc
    4. throughout a whole area: the world over
    5. (particle) from beginning to end, usually cursorily
    6. throughout a period of time: stay over for this week
    7. (esp in signalling and radio) it is now your turn to speak, act, etc
    8. more than is expected or usual: not over well
    9. over againonce more
    10. over againstopposite to
    11. contrasting with
    12. over and over ⇒ (often followed by again) repeatedly
    adj
    1. (postpositive) finished; no longer in progress
    adv , adj
    1. remaining; surplus (often in the phrase left over)
    n
    1. a series of six balls bowled by a bowler from the same end of the pitch
    2. the play during this
    Etymology: Old English ofer; related to Old High German ubir, obar, Old Norse yfir, Latin super, Greek huper
    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
    over- prefix
    1. excessive or excessively; beyond an agreed or desirable limit: overcharge, overdue, oversimplify
    2. indicating superior rank: overseer
    3. indicating location or movement above: overhang
    4. indicating movement downwards: overthrow
    'over' also found in these entries:
    Collocations: the [show, movie, class, game] is over, it's over between [us, him and me], [it, the game, the show]'s not over yet, more...

    Forum discussions with the word(s) "over" in the title:


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