mute

UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈmjuːt/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/mjut/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(myo̅o̅t)

Inflections of 'mute' (v): (⇒ conjugate)
mutes
v 3rd person singular
muting
v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
muted
v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed."
muted
v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked."

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
mute /myut/USA pronunciation   adj.,  mut•er, mut•est, n., v.,  mut•ed, mut•ing. 
adj. 
  1. silent;
    not having or giving off any sound:They were mute when I asked them who was the thief.
  2. incapable of speech;
    dumb:mute from birth.
  3. Phonetics(of letters) silent;
    not pronounced:The letter "e'' is mute in the word "come.''

n. [countable]
  1. a person incapable of speech.
  2. Music and Dancea mechanical device for muffling the tone of a musical instrument.

v. [+ object]
  1. to deaden or muffle the sound of.
  2. to reduce the intensity of (a color) by the addition of another color:The colors are more muted in the bedroom.
mute•ly, adv. : They stood by mutely, unable or unwilling to answer.
mute•ness, n. [uncountable]

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
mute  (myo̅o̅t),USA pronunciation adj.,  mut•er, mut•est, n., v.,  mut•ed, mut•ing. 
adj. 
  1. silent;
    refraining from speech or utterance.
  2. not emitting or having sound of any kind.
  3. incapable of speech;
    dumb.
  4. Phonetics(of letters) silent;
    not pronounced.
  5. Law(of a person who has been arraigned) making no plea or giving an irrelevant response when arraigned, or refusing to stand trial (used chiefly in the phrase to stand mute).
  6. Sport[Fox Hunting.](of a hound) hunting a line without giving tongue or cry.

n. 
  1. a person incapable of speech.
  2. Show Businessan actor whose part is confined to dumb show.
  3. Lawa person who stands mute when arraigned.
  4. Music and DanceAlso called  sordino. a mechanical device of various shapes and materials for muffling the tone of a musical instrument.
  5. Phoneticsa stop.
  6. British Termsa hired mourner at a funeral;
    a professional mourner.

v.t. 
  1. to deaden or muffle the sound of.
  2. to reduce the intensity of (a color) by the addition of another color.
mutely, adv. 
muteness, n. 
  • Latin mūtus) + unexplained suffix -et; compare -et
  • Middle French, equivalent. to Old French mu (
  • Latin mūtus dumb; replacing Middle English muet
  • 1325–75
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged still. See  dumb. 
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged talkative.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
mute /mjuːt/ adj
  1. not giving out sound or speech; silent
  2. unable to speak; dumb
  3. unspoken or unexpressed
  4. (of a person arraigned on indictment) refusing to answer a charge
  5. another word for plosive
  6. (of a letter in a word) silent
n
  1. a person who is unable to speak
  2. a person who refuses to plead when arraigned on indictment for an offence
  3. any of various devices used to soften the tone of stringed or brass instruments
  4. a plosive consonant; stop
  5. a silent letter
  6. an actor in a dumb show
  7. a hired mourner at a funeral
vb (transitive)
  1. to reduce the volume of (a musical instrument) by means of a mute, soft pedal, etc
  2. to subdue the strength of (a colour, tone, lighting, etc)
Etymology: 14th Century: muwet from Old French mu, from Latin mūtus silent

ˈmutely adv ˈmuteness n USAGE
Using this word to refer to people without speech is considered outdated and offensive and should be avoided. The phrase profoundly deaf is a suitable alternative in many contexts

'mute' also found in these entries (note: many are not synonyms or translations):
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