- Inflections of 'lose' (v): (⇒ conjugate)
- v 3rd person singular
- v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
- v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed."
- v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked."
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
lose /luz/USA pronunciation
v., lost/lɔst, lɑst/USA pronunciation los•ing. v.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
- to come to be without, as through accident:[~ + object]They lost all their belongings in the storm.
- to fail to keep, as by accident, usually temporarily:[~ + object]I just lost a dime under this sofa.
- to suffer the taking away of:[~ + object]to lose one's job.
- to experience the death of (someone):[not: be + ~-ing; ~ + object]He had just lost his wife to cancer.
- (of a physician) to fail to preserve the life of (a patient):[~ + object]The doctor lost a young patient.
- to fail to keep, preserve, or maintain:[~ + object]to lose a fortune by gambling.
- (of a timepiece) to run slower by:[~ + object]The watch loses three minutes a day.
- to come to have less (money) than before: [~ + object]lost a million dollars on the deal.[no object]We lost on that deal.
- to get rid of:[~ + object]to lose weight.
- to bring to destruction:[~ + object; usually: be + lost]Ship and crew were lost.
- to have (someone) slip from sight or awareness:[~ + object]The detective lost the man she was following.
- to stray from:[~ + object]to lose one's way.
- to waste:[~ + object]We have lost enough time waiting.
- to fail to gain or win:[~ + object]He lost the bet.
- to be defeated (in): [~ + object]They lost four games in a row.[no object]Our team lost again, 6-0.
- to cause the loss of: [~ + object + for + object]The delay lost the battle for them.[~ + object + object]That delay lost them the battle.
- to allow (oneself) to be absorbed in something:[~ + oneself]I had lost myself in thought.
- [~ + object]
- to fail to hear, understand, comprehend, or see:I've lost you; do you mind going over it again for me?
- to cause this to happen:I'm afraid you've lost me; do you mind going over it one more time?
- lose out, [no object] to suffer defeat or loss:Our company lost out on the deal.
- Idiomslose it, to fail to maintain one's temper, composure, or control.
lose is a verb, lost is an adjective, loss is a noun:I lost my keys. The lost sheep was found again. The company announced a small loss for the computer division.
(lo̅o̅z),USA pronunciation v., lost, los•ing. v.t.
- to come to be without (something in one's possession or care), through accident, theft, etc., so that there is little or no prospect of recovery:I'm sure I've merely misplaced my hat, not lost it.
- to fail inadvertently to retain (something) in such a way that it cannot be immediately recovered:I just lost a dime under this sofa.
- to suffer the deprivation of:to lose one's job; to lose one's life.
- to be bereaved of by death:to lose a sister.
- to fail to keep, preserve, or maintain:to lose one's balance; to lose one's figure.
- (of a clock or watch) to run slower by:The watch loses three minutes a day.
- to give up;
forfeit the possession of:to lose a fortune at the gaming table.
- to get rid of:to lose one's fear of the dark; to lose weight.
- to bring to destruction or ruin (usually used passively):Ship and crew were lost.
- to condemn to hell;
- to have slip from sight, hearing, attention, etc.:to lose him in the crowd.
- to stray from or become ignorant of (one's way, directions, etc.):to lose one's bearings.
- to leave far behind in a pursuit, race, etc.;
outstrip:She managed to lose the other runners on the final lap of the race.
- to use to no purpose;
waste:to lose time in waiting.
- to fail to have, get, catch, etc.;
miss:to lose a bargain.
- to fail to win (a prize, stake, etc.):to lose a bet.
- to be defeated in (a game, lawsuit, battle, etc.):He has lost very few cases in his career as a lawyer.
- to cause the loss of:The delay lost the battle for them.
- to let (oneself ) go astray, miss the way, etc.:We lost ourselves in the woods.
- to allow (oneself ) to become absorbed or engrossed in something and oblivious to all else:I had lost myself in thought.
- (of a physician) to fail to preserve the life of (a patient).
- (of a woman) to fail to be delivered of (a live baby) because of miscarriage, complications in childbirth, etc.
- to suffer loss:to lose on a contract.
- to suffer defeat or fail to win, as in a contest, race, or game:We played well, but we lost.
- to depreciate in effectiveness or in some other essential quality:a classic that loses in translation.
- (of a clock, watch, etc.) to run slow.
- Idiomslose face. See face (def. 30).
- lose out, to suffer defeat or loss;
fail to obtain something desired:He got through the preliminaries, but lost out in the finals.
- bef. 900; Middle English losen, Old English -lēosan; replacing Middle English lesen, itself also reflecting Old English -lēosan; cognate with German verlieren, Gothic fraliusan to lose. See loss
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
lose /luːz/ vb (loses, losing, lost)(mainly tr)
Etymology: Old English losian to perish; related to Old English -lēosan as in forlēosan to forfeit. Compare looseˈlosable adj ˈlosableness n
- to part with or come to be without, as through theft, accident, negligence, etc
- to fail to keep or maintain: to lose one's balance
- to suffer the loss or deprivation of: to lose a parent
- to cease to have or possess
- to fail to get or make use of: to lose a chance
- (also intr) to fail to gain or win (a contest, game, etc): to lose the match
- to fail to see, hear, perceive, or understand: I lost the gist of his speech
- to waste: to lose money gambling
- to wander from so as to be unable to find: to lose one's way
- to cause the loss of: his delay lost him the battle
- to allow to go astray or out of sight: we lost him in the crowd
- (usually passive) to absorb or engross: he was lost in contemplation
- (usually passive) to cause the death or destruction of: two men were lost in the attack
- to outdistance or elude: he soon lost his pursuers
- (intransitive) to decrease or depreciate in value or effectiveness: poetry always loses in translation
- (also intr) (of a timepiece) to run slow (by a specified amount): the clock loses ten minutes every day
- (of a physician) to fail to sustain the life of (a patient)
- (of a woman) to fail to give birth to (a viable baby), esp as the result of a miscarriage
- slang to lose control of (the car), as on a bend: he lost it going into Woodcote
- lose it ⇒ slang to lose control of oneself or one's temper
'lose' also found in these entries (note: many are not synonyms or translations):