WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
ˈlame ˈduck, n. [countable]
  • Governmentan elected official or group continuing in office during the time between an election defeat and when the new person takes office.
  • anyone or anything soon to be replaced by another.
  • an ineffective person or thing.
  • lame-duck, adj.: a lame-duck president.

    WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
    lame duck, 
    1. Governmentan elected official or group of officials, as a legislator, continuing in office during the period between an election defeat and a successor's assumption of office.
    2. Governmenta president who is completing a term of office and chooses not to run or is ineligible to run for reelection.
    3. a person finishing a term of employment after a replacement has been chosen.
    4. anything soon to be supplanted by another that is more efficient, economical, etc.
    5. a person or thing that is disabled, helpless, ineffective, or inefficient.
    6. a person who has lost a great deal of money in speculations on the stock market.
    lame-duck, adj. 
    • 1755–65

    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
    lame duck n
    1. a person or thing that is disabled or ineffectual
    2. a speculator who cannot discharge his liabilities
    3. US an elected official or body of officials remaining in office in the interval between the election and inauguration of a successor
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