isolation

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˌaɪsəˈleɪʃən/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/ˌaɪsəˈleɪʃən/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(ī′sə lāshən, is′ə-)


WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
i•so•la•tion  (ī′sə lāshən, is′ə-),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. an act or instance of isolating.
  2. the state of being isolated.
  3. the complete separation from others of a person suffering from contagious or infectious disease;
    quarantine.
  4. Governmentthe separation of a nation from other nations by isolationism.
  5. Psychologya process whereby an idea or memory is divested of its emotional component.
  6. SociologySee  social isolation. 
  • isolate + -ion 1825–35
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged See  solitude. 
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged segregation.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
ˌisoˌlation /ˌaɪsəˈleɪʃən/ n
  1. the act of isolating or the condition of being isolated
  2. (of a country, party, etc) nonparticipation in or withdrawal from international politics
  3. social separation of a person who has or is suspected of having a contagious disease
    Compare quarantine
  4. (as modifier): an isolation hospital
  5. a lack of contact between persons, groups, or whole societies
  6. the failure of an individual to maintain contact with others or genuine communication where interaction with others persists
  7. in isolationwithout regard to context, similar matters, etc
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
i•so•late /v. ˈaɪsəˌleɪt; n., adj. -lɪt, -ˌleɪt/USA pronunciation   v. [+ object], -lat•ed, -lat•ing. 
  1. to set or place apart;
    separate so as to be alone:He was isolated in a little cubicle by himself.
  2. Medicineto keep (an infected person) from contact with noninfected persons;
    quarantine.
  3. Chemistry, Microbiologyto obtain (a chemical substance or microorganism) in a separate or pure state, not in combination with other substances.
i•so•la•tion /ˌaɪsəˈleɪʃən/USA pronunciation  n. [uncountable]a desperate feeling of isolation in the big city.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
i•so•late  (v. īsə lāt′, isə-;n., adj. īsə lit, -lāt′, isə-),USA pronunciation v.,  -lat•ed, -lat•ing, n., adj. 
v.t. 
  1. to set or place apart;
    detach or separate so as to be alone.
  2. Medicineto keep (an infected person) from contact with noninfected persons;
    quarantine.
  3. Chemistry, Microbiologyto obtain (a substance or microorganism) in an uncombined or pure state.
  4. Electricityto insulate.
  5. Radio and Television, Show Business[Television.]to single out (a person, action, etc.) for a camera closeup.

n. 
  1. Linguisticsa person, thing, or group that is set apart or isolated, as for purposes of study.
  2. Psychologya person, often shy or lacking in social skills, who avoids the company of others and has no friends within a group.
  3. Genetics, Biology[Biol.]an inbreeding population that is isolated from similar populations by physiological, behavioral, or geographic barriers.
  4. Linguisticsa language with no demonstrable genetic relationship, as Basque.
  5. something that has been isolated, as a by-product in a manufacturing process:an isolate of soy flour.

adj. 
  1. isolated;
    alone.
iso•la′tor, n. 
  • back formation from isolated 1800–10

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