WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
heave /hiv/USA pronunciation   v.,  heaved or (esp. Nautical) hove/hoʊv/USA pronunciation  ;
heav•ing;
 n. 

v. 
  1. to raise or lift with effort;
    hoist:[+ object]He heaved her to her feet.
  2. to lift and throw with effort:[+ object]to heave a stone through a window.
  3. to utter with great effort:[+ object]He heaved a sigh.
  4. to (cause to) rise and fall with a swelling motion: [no object]His chest was heaving from the effort.[+ object]The rough seas heaved the boat about.
  5. Nautical, Naval Termsto (cause to) move into a certain position or situation: [no object]The boat hove into sight.[+ object]The captain hove the boat closer to the lifeboats.
  6. Physiology[no object] to vomit;
    throw up.
  7. Nautical, Naval Terms to pull on:[no object]The sailor heaved on the rope and pulled the box aboard.
  8. Nautical, Naval Termsheave to, [no object] (of a ship) to come to a stop.

n. [countable]
  1. an act or effort of heaving.
  2. Veterinary Diseasesthe heaves, [plural] an episode of retching or vomiting.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
heave  (hēv),USA pronunciation v.,  heaved  or (esp. Naut.) hove;
heav•ing;
 n. 

v.t. 
  1. to raise or lift with effort or force;
    hoist:to heave a heavy ax.
  2. to throw, esp. to lift and throw with effort, force, or violence:to heave an anchor overboard; to heave a stone through a window.
  3. [Naut.]
    • Naval Termsto move into a certain position or situation:to heave a vessel aback.
    • Naval Termsto move in a certain direction:Heave the capstan around! Heave up the anchor!
  4. to utter laboriously or painfully:to heave a sigh.
  5. to cause to rise and fall with or as with a swelling motion:to heave one's chest.
  6. Physiologyto vomit;
    throw up:He heaved his breakfast before noon.
  7. Nautical, Naval Termsto haul or pull on (a rope, cable, line, etc.), as with the hands or a capstan:Heave the anchor cable!

v.i. 
  1. to rise and fall in rhythmically alternate movements:The ship heaved and rolled in the swelling sea.
  2. Physiologyto breathe with effort;
    pant:He sat there heaving and puffing from the effort.
  3. Physiologyto vomit;
    retch.
  4. to rise as if thrust up, as a hill;
    swell or bulge:The ground heaved and small fissures appeared for miles around.
  5. to pull or haul on a rope, cable, etc.
  6. Nautical, Naval Termsto push, as on a capstan bar.
  7. [Naut.]
    • Naval Termsto move in a certain direction or into a certain position or situation:heave about;heave alongside;heave in stays.
    • Naval Terms(of a vessel) to rise and fall, as with a heavy beam sea.
  8. Nautical, Naval Termsheave down, to careen (a vessel).
  9. heave ho (an exclamation used by sailors, as when heaving the anchor up.)
  10. Idioms, Naval Termsheave in sight, to rise to view, as from below the horizon:The ship hove in sight as dawn began to break.
  11. Nautical, Naval Termsheave out: 
    • to shake loose (a reef taken in a sail).
    • to loosen (a sail) from its gaskets in order to set it.
  12. Naval Termsheave the lead. See  lead 2 (def. 12).
  13. Nautical, Naval Termsheave to: 
    • [Naut.]to stop the headway of (a vessel), esp. by bringing the head to the wind and trimming the sails so that they act against one another.
    • to come to a halt.

n. 
  1. an act or effort of heaving.
  2. a throw, toss, or cast.
  3. Geologythe horizontal component of the apparent displacement resulting from a fault, measured in a vertical plane perpendicular to the strike.
  4. Naval Termsthe rise and fall of the waves or swell of a sea.
  5. Veterinary Diseasesheaves, (used with a sing. v.) Also called  broken wind. a disease of horses, similar to asthma in human beings, characterized by difficult breathing.
heaver, n. 
heaveless, adj. 
  • bef. 900; Middle English heven, variant (with -v- from pt. and past participle) of hebben, Old English hebban; cognate with German heben, Old Norse hefja, Gothic hafjan; akin to Latin capere to take
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged elevate. See  raise. 
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged hurl, pitch, fling, cast, sling.
    • 11.See corresponding entry in Unabridged surge, billow.

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