dust

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈdʌst/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/dʌst/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(dust)



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
dust /dʌst/USA pronunciation   n. [uncountable]
  1. matter in fine, powdery, dry particles:a layer of dust on the books.
  2. any finely powdered substance, such as sawdust:gold dust.

v. 
  1. to wipe the dust from (furniture, etc.): [no object]On Fridays we dust and vacuum.[+ object]We dusted the bookshelves.
  2. to sprinkle (crops, etc.) with a powder or dust:[+ object]to dust crops with insecticide.
  3. to sprinkle (a powder or other fine particles):[+ object]to dust insecticide on a rosebush.
  4. Idiomsdust off, to prepare to use again: [+ off + object]I dusted off those old speeches and got them ready for a new tour.[+ object + off]to dust a few old speeches off.
Idioms
  1. Idiomsbite the dust: 
    • to die:He bit the dust in the last episode.
    • to suffer defeat:She bit the dust in the later primaries.
    • to become ruined or unusable:The old refrigerator has bitten the dust.
  2. Idiomsmake the dust fly, to work with vigor.

dust•less, adj. 

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
dust  (dust),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. earth or other matter in fine, dry particles.
  2. a cloud of finely powdered earth or other matter in the air.
  3. any finely powdered substance, as sawdust.
  4. the ground;
    the earth's surface.
  5. the substance to which something, as the dead human body, is ultimately reduced by disintegration or decay;
    earthly remains.
  6. British Terms
    • ashes, refuse, etc.
    • junk1 (def. 1).
  7. a low or humble condition.
  8. anything worthless.
  9. disturbance;
    turmoil.
  10. See  gold dust. 
  11. the mortal body of a human being.
  12. a single particle or grain.
  13. [Archaic.]money;
    cash.
  14. Idiomsbite the dust: 
    • to be killed, esp. in battle;
      die.
    • to suffer defeat;
      be unsuccessful;
      fail:Another manufacturer has bitten the dust.
  15. Idiomsleave one in the dust, to overtake and surpass a competitor or one who is less ambitious, qualified, etc.:Don't be so meek, they'll leave you in the dust.
  16. Idiomslick the dust: 
    • to be killed;
      die.
    • to humble oneself abjectly;
      grovel:He will resign rather than lick the dust.
  17. Idiomsmake the dust fly, to execute with vigor or speed:We turned them loose on the work, and they made the dust fly.
  18. Idiomsshake the dust from one's feet, to depart in anger or disdain;
    leave decisively or in haste, esp. from an unpleasant situation:As the country moved toward totalitarianism, many of the intelligentsia shook the dust from their feet.
  19. Idiomsthrow dust in someone's eyes, to mislead;
    deceive:He threw dust in our eyes by pretending to be a jeweler and then disappeared with the diamonds.

v.t. 
  1. to wipe the dust from:to dust a table.
  2. to sprinkle with a powder or dust:to dust rosebushes with an insecticide.
  3. to strew or sprinkle (a powder, dust, or other fine particles):to dust insecticide on a rosebush.
  4. to soil with dust;
    make dusty.

v.i. 
  1. to wipe dust from furniture, woodwork, etc.
  2. to become dusty.
  3. to apply dust or powder to a plant, one's body, etc.:to dust with an insecticide in late spring.
  4. dust off: 
    • Sport[Baseball.](of a pitcher) to throw the ball purposely at or dangerously close to (the batter).
    • to take out or prepare for use again, as after a period of inactivity or storage:I'm going to dust off my accounting skills and try to get a job in the finance department.
    • to beat up badly:The gang of hoodlums dusted off a cop.
dustless, adj. 
  • bef. 900; Middle English; Old English dūst; cognate with German Dunst vapor

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
dust /dʌst/ n
  1. dry fine powdery material, such as particles of dirt, earth or pollen
  2. a cloud of such fine particles
  3. the mortal body of man
  4. the corpse of a dead person
  5. the earth; ground
  6. informal a disturbance; fuss (esp in the phrases kick up a dust, raise a dust)
  7. something of little or no worth
  8. short for gold dust
  9. ashes or household refuse
  10. bite the dustto fail completely or cease to exist
  11. to fall down dead
  12. dust and ashessomething that is very disappointing
  13. shake the dust off one's feetto depart angrily or contemptuously
  14. throw dust in the eyes ofto confuse or mislead
vb
  1. (transitive) to sprinkle or cover (something) with (dust or some other powdery substance)
  2. to remove dust by wiping, sweeping, or brushing
  3. archaic to make or become dirty with dust

See also dust down, dust-upEtymology: Old English dūst; related to Danish dyst flour dust, Middle Dutch dūst dust, meal dust, Old High German tunst storm

ˈdustless adj
'dust' also found in these entries:
Collocations: a [heavy, mild, strong] dust storm, dust [grains, particles], a dust cloud [formed, appeared], more...

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