discourage

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ/

US:USA pronuncation: IPAUSA pronuncation: IPA/dɪˈskɜrɪdʒ, -ˈskʌr-/

US:USA pronunciation: respellingUSA pronunciation: respelling(di skûrij, -skur-)


Inflections of 'discourage' (v): (⇒ conjugate)
discourages
v 3rd person singular
discouraging
v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
discouraged
v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed."
discouraged
v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked."

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
dis•cour•age /dɪˈskɜrɪdʒ, -ˈskʌr-/USA pronunciation   v.,  -aged, -ag•ing. 
  1. to take away courage;
    dishearten;
    dispirit:[+ object]Every job rejection discouraged him more.
  2. to dissuade;
    make (someone) less willing:[+ object + from + verb-ing]The broker discouraged him from buying stock.
dis•cour•aged, adj.: The discouraged team endured their fifth loss in a row.
dis•cour•ag•ing, adj.: a discouraging loss.
dis•cour•ag•ing•ly, adv. 
    discourage is a verb, discouraged and discouraging are adjectives, discouragement is a noun:Such negative comments will discourage kids who are just beginning to read. The discouraged players gathered in the locker room after their loss. It was a discouraging loss. He faced a lot of discouragement before he won his first medal.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
dis•cour•age  (di skûrij, -skur-),USA pronunciation v.,  -aged, -ag•ing. 
v.t. 
  1. to deprive of courage, hope, or confidence;
    dishearten;
    dispirit.
  2. to dissuade (usually fol. by from).
  3. to obstruct by opposition or difficulty;
    hinder:Low prices discourage industry.
  4. to express or make clear disapproval of;
    frown upon:to discourage the expression of enthusiasm.

v.i. 
  1. to become discouraged:a person who discourages easily.
dis•courag•er, n. 
dis•courage•a•ble, adj. 
dis•courag•ing•ly, adv. 
  • Middle French descorager, Old French descoragier. See dis-1, courage
  • late Middle English discoragen 1400–50
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged daunt, depress, deject, overawe, cow, abash.
      Discourage, dismay, intimidate mean to dishearten or frighten. To
      discourage is to dishearten by expressing disapproval or by suggesting that a contemplated action or course will probably fail:He was discouraged from going into business.To
      dismay is to dishearten completely:Her husband's philandering dismayed her.To
      intimidate is to frighten, as by threats of force, violence, or dire consequences:to intimidate a witness.
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged encourage.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
discourage /dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ/ vb (transitive)
  1. to deprive of the will to persist in something
  2. to inhibit; prevent: this solution discourages rust
  3. to oppose by expressing disapproval

disˈcouragement n disˈcouragingly adv
'discourage' also found in these entries:
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