WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
crash1 /kræʃ/USA pronunciation
v. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
- to make a loud, clattering noise: [no object]The windows crashed from the explosion.[~ + object]The explosion crashed the windows.
- to (cause to) break or fall to pieces with noise: [no object]The glass crashed to the floor.[~ + object]He crashed his glass to the floor angrily.
- (of moving objects) to collide violently and noisily: [no object]The two cars left the road and crashed.[~ + into + object]The cars crashed into a wall.
- to cause (a moving vehicle) to collide with another object violently: [~ + object]He crashed his car on the highway.[~ + object + into/through + object]He crashed his car into the wall.
- to move, force, or drive with violence and noise: [~ + into/through + object]The truck crashed through the gate.[~ + object + into/through + object]The driver crashed the truck into the gate.
- Aeronautics (of an aircraft) to land in such a way that damage or destruction cannot be avoided:[no object]The pilot tried to land but the plane crashed.
- Aeronautics to cause (an aircraft) to suffer severe damage or destruction in landing:[~ + object]The pilot crashed the plane into the mountain.
- to collapse or fail suddenly, such as a financial enterprise:[no object]The stock market crashed.
- Slang Terms[no object] Slang.
- to sleep:I've got to crash; can I use that bed?
- to fall asleep:I'm crashing; see you tomorrow.
- to stay temporarily without payment: I crashed with my brother for a week.
- Slang Terms, Drugs[no object] Slang. to experience unpleasant sensations when a stimulant drug wears off.
- Computing (of a computer) to shut down because of something wrong with the hardware or software:[no object]The computer crashed and I lost all my data.
- Informal Terms to enter or force one's way into (an event) without an invitation:[~ + object]tried to crash the party.
adj. [before a noun]
- an act or instance of crashing:several bad early-morning crashes on the interstate highway.
- the emergency landing of an aircraft, etc., usually causing severe damage.
- a sudden general collapse of a business, the stock market, etc.:the famous stock market crash of 1929.
- involving a strong, intensive effort, esp. to deal with an emergency, meet a deadline, etc.:went on a crash diet.
(krash),USA pronunciation v.i.
- to make a loud, clattering noise, as of something dashed to pieces.
- to break or fall to pieces with noise.
- (of moving vehicles, objects, etc.) to collide, esp. violently and noisily.
- to move or go with a crash;
strike with a crash.
- Aeronauticsto land in an abnormal manner, usually causing severe damage:The airliner crashed.
- to collapse or fail suddenly, as a financial enterprise:The stock market crashed.
- Informal Termsto gain admittance to a party, performance, etc., without an invitation, ticket, or permission.
- Slang Terms
- to sleep.
- to have a temporary place to sleep or live without payment:He let me crash at his house.
- to fall asleep:I get home in the evening and I just crash till it's time for dinner.
- Slang Terms, Drugsto experience unpleasant sensations, as sudden exhaustion or depression, when a drug, esp. an amphetamine, wears off.
- [Med. Slang.]to suffer cardiac arrest.
- Biology, Ecology[Ecol.](of a population) to decline rapidly.
- Computingto shut down because of a malfunction of hardware or software.
- to break into pieces violently and noisily;
- to force or drive with violence and noise (usually fol. by in, through, out, etc.).
- Aeronauticsto cause (an aircraft) to make a landing in an abnormal manner, usually damaging or wrecking the aircraft.
- Informal Terms
- to gain admittance to, even though uninvited:to crash a party.
- to enter without a ticket, permission, etc.:to crash the gate at a football game.
- a sudden loud noise, as of something being violently smashed or struck:the crash of thunder.
- a breaking or falling to pieces with loud noise:the sudden crash of dishes.
- a collision or crashing, as of automobiles, trains, etc.
- the shock of collision and breaking.
- a sudden and violent falling to ruin.
- a sudden general collapse of a business enterprise, prosperity, the stock market, etc.:the crash of 1929.
- Aeronauticsan act or instance of crashing.
- Biology, Ecology[Ecol.]a sudden, rapid decline in the size of a population.
- characterized by an intensive effort, esp. to deal with an emergency, meet a deadline, etc.:a crash plan to house flood victims; a crash diet.
- 1350–1400; 1920–25 def. 16; 1870–75 for def. 22; Middle English crasche, blend of, blended crase to break (see craze) and masche mash
(krash),USA pronunciation n.
- 13.See corresponding entry in Unabridged smash.
- 21.See corresponding entry in Unabridged failure, ruin.
- Textilesa plain-weave fabric of rough, irregular, or lumpy yarns, for toweling, dresses, etc.
- Printing[Bookbinding.]starched cotton fabric used to reinforce the spine of a bound book.
- Russian krashenína painted or dyed coarse linen, equivalent. to kráshen(yĭ) painted (past participle of krásit' to paint) + -ina noun, nominal suffix
- probably 1805–15
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
crash /kræʃ/ vb
- to make or cause to make a loud noise as of solid objects smashing or clattering
- to fall or cause to fall with force, breaking in pieces with a loud noise as of solid objects smashing
- (intransitive) to break or smash in pieces with a loud noise
- (intransitive) to collapse or fail suddenly: this business is sure to crash
- to cause (an aircraft) to hit land or water violently resulting in severe damage or (of an aircraft) to hit land or water in this way
- to cause (a car, etc) to collide with another car or other object or (of two or more cars) to be involved in a collision
- to move or cause to move violently or noisily: to crash through a barrier
- (intransitive) (of a computer system or program) to fail suddenly and completely because of a malfunction
- crash and burn ⇒ informal to fail; be unsuccessful
Etymology: 14th Century: probably from crasen to smash, shatter + dasshen to strike violently, dash1; see crazeˈcrasher n
- an act or instance of breaking and falling to pieces
- a sudden loud noise: the crash of thunder
- a collision, as between vehicles
- a sudden descent of an aircraft as a result of which it hits land or water
- the sudden collapse of a business, stock exchange, etc, esp one causing further financial failure
- (modifier) requiring or using intensive effort and all possible resources in order to accomplish something quickly: a crash programme
- sudden or vigorous: a crash halt, a crash tackle
- crash-and-burn ⇒ informal a complete failure
crash /kræʃ/ n
Etymology: 19th Century: from Russian krashenina coloured linen
- a coarse cotton or linen cloth used for towelling, curtains, etc
'crash' also found in these entries: