confound

Listen:

UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/kɒnˈfaʊnd/

US:USA pronuncation: IPAUSA pronuncation: IPA/kənˈfaʊnd/

US:USA pronunciation: respellingUSA pronunciation: respelling(kon found, kən-; for 6 usually konfound)



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
con•found /kənˈfaʊnd/USA pronunciation   v. [+ object]
  1. to amaze;
    confuse;
    perplex:The army's lightning attack confounded the enemy.
  2. [+ object + with + object] to mix up by mistake;
    This analysis confounded truth with errors and lies.
Idioms
  1. Confound it! (used as a mild oath to express one's irritation): Confound it! Pick up those books now!

con•found•ing•ly, adv. 

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
con•found  (kon found, kən-; for 6 usually konfound),USA pronunciation v.t. 
  1. to perplex or amaze, esp. by a sudden disturbance or surprise;
    bewilder;
    confuse:The complicated directions confounded him.
  2. to throw into confusion or disorder:The revolution confounded the people.
  3. to throw into increased confusion or disorder.
  4. to treat or regard erroneously as identical;
    mix or associate by mistake:truth confounded with error.
  5. to mingle so that the elements cannot be distinguished or separated.
  6. to damn (used in mild imprecations):Confound it!
  7. to contradict or refute:to confound their arguments.
  8. to put to shame;
    abash.
  9. [Archaic.]
    • to defeat or overthrow.
    • to bring to ruin or naught.
  10. [Obs.]to spend uselessly;
    waste.
con•founda•ble, adj. 
con•founder, n. 
con•founding•ly, adv. 
  • Latin confundere to mix, equivalent. to con- con- + fundere to pour
  • Anglo-French confoundre
  • Middle English conf(o)unden 1250–1300
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged dumbfound, daze, nonplus, astound.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
confound /kənˈfaʊnd/ vb (transitive)
  1. to astound or perplex; bewilder
  2. to mix up; confuse
  3. to treat mistakenly as similar to or identical with (one or more other things)
  4. /kɒnˈfaʊnd/ to curse or damn (usually as an expletive in the phrase confound it!)
  5. to contradict or refute (an argument, etc)
  6. to rout or defeat (an enemy)
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French confondre, from Latin confundere to mingle, pour together, from fundere to pour

conˈfounder n
'confound' also found in these entries:
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