cir•cum•stance(sûr′kəm stans′ or, esp. Brit., -stəns),USA pronunciationn., v.,-stanced, -stanc•ing. n.
a condition, detail, part, or attribute, with respect to time, place, manner,agent, etc., that accompanies, determines, or modifies a fact or event; a modifying or influencing factor:Do not judge his behavior without considering every circumstance.
Usually, circumstances. the existing conditions or state of affairs surrounding and affecting an agent:Circumstances permitting, we sail on Monday.
an unessential or secondary accompaniment of any fact or event; minor detail:The author dwells on circumstances rather than essentials.
circumstances, the condition or state of a person with respect to income and material welfare:a family in reduced circumstances.
an incident or occurrence:His arrival was a fortunate circumstance.
detailed or circuitous narration; specification of particulars:The speaker expatiated with great circumstance upon his theme.
[Archaic.]ceremonious accompaniment or display:pomp and circumstance.
Idiomsunder no circumstances, regardless of events or conditions; never:Under no circumstances should you see them again.
Idiomsunder the circumstances, because of the conditions; as the case stands:Under the circumstances, there is little hope for an early settlement.Also, in the circumstances.
to place in particular circumstances or relations:The company was favorably circumstanced by the rise in tariffs.
to furnish with details.
to control or guide by circumstances.
Latin circumstantia (circumstant-, stem of circumstāns, present participle of circumstāre to stand round), equivalent. to circum-circum- + stā-stand + -nt present participle suffix + -ia noun, nominal suffix; see -ance
Middle English 1175–1225
7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged ritual, formality, splendor.