UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈs3ːrkəmstæns/

US:USA pronuncation: IPAUSA pronuncation: IPA/ˈsɝkəmˌstæns/

US:USA pronunciation: respellingUSA pronunciation: respelling(sûrkəm stans′ or, esp. Brit., -stəns)

Inflections of 'circumstance' (v): (⇒ conjugate)
v 3rd person singular
v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed."
v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked."

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
cir•cum•stance /ˈsɜrkəmˌstæns/USA pronunciation   n. 
  1. Usually, circumstances. [plural] the conditions surrounding or affecting something: What were the circumstances of his death?
  2. circumstances, [plural] the condition or state of a person with respect to income: a family in reduced circumstances.
  3. [countable] an incident, occurrence, or fact: a fortunate circumstance.
  4. events or actions that cannot be controlled or planned;
    fate:[uncountable]simply a victim of circumstance.
  5. ceremonious display:[uncountable]too much pomp and circumstance at the graduation.
  1. Idiomsunder no circumstances, never, regardless of events or conditions:Under no circumstances will you be given a second chance.
  2. Idiomsunder the circumstances, because of conditions that exist at the moment:Under the circumstances we can't let you register for your courses.

See -stan-.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
cir•cum•stance  (sûrkəm stans′ or, esp. Brit., -stəns),USA pronunciation n., v.,  -stanced, -stanc•ing. 
  1. a condition, detail, part, or attribute, with respect to time, place, manner,agent, etc., that accompanies, determines, or modifies a fact or event;
    a modifying or influencing factor:Do not judge his behavior without considering every circumstance.
  2. Usually,  circumstances. the existing conditions or state of affairs surrounding and affecting an agent:Circumstances permitting, we sail on Monday.
  3. an unessential or secondary accompaniment of any fact or event;
    minor detail:The author dwells on circumstances rather than essentials.
  4. circumstances, the condition or state of a person with respect to income and material welfare:a family in reduced circumstances.
  5. an incident or occurrence:His arrival was a fortunate circumstance.
  6. detailed or circuitous narration;
    specification of particulars:The speaker expatiated with great circumstance upon his theme.
  7. [Archaic.]ceremonious accompaniment or display:pomp and circumstance.
  8. Idiomsunder no circumstances, regardless of events or conditions;
    never:Under no circumstances should you see them again.
  9. Idiomsunder the circumstances, because of the conditions;
    as the case stands:Under the circumstances, there is little hope for an early settlement.Also,  in the circumstances. 

  1. to place in particular circumstances or relations:The company was favorably circumstanced by the rise in tariffs.
  2. [Obs.]
    • to furnish with details.
    • to control or guide by circumstances.
  • Latin circumstantia (circumstant-, stem of circumstāns, present participle of circumstāre to stand round), equivalent. to circum- circum- + stā- stand + -nt present participle suffix + -ia noun, nominal suffix; see -ance
  • Middle English 1175–1225
    • 7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged ritual, formality, splendor.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
circumstance /ˈsɜːkəmstəns/ n
  1. (usually plural) a condition of time, place, etc, that accompanies or influences an event or condition
  2. an incident or occurrence, esp a chance one
  3. accessory information or detail
  4. formal display or ceremony (archaic except in the phrase pomp and circumstance)
  5. under no circumstances, in no circumstancesin no case; never
  6. under the circumstancesbecause of conditions; this being the case
vb (transitive)
  1. to place in a particular condition or situation
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French circonstance, from Latin circumstantia, from circumstāre to stand around, from circum- + stāre to stand
'circumstance' also found in these entries:
Collocations: under the circumstances, [favorably, profitably] circumstanced by, (not) under any circumstances, more...

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