- Inflections of 'burst' (v): (⇒ conjugate)
- v 3rd person singular
- v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
- v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed." (US & UK)
- v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed." (US)
- v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked." (US & UK)
- v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked." (US)
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
burst /bɜrst/USA pronunciation
v., burst or, often, burst•ed, burst•ing, n. v.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
- to (cause to) break, or fly apart suddenly: [no object]The balloon burst.[~ + object]The cold weather burst the pipes.
- to come forth suddenly and with force or impact:[no object]The police burst into the room.
- to give sudden expression to a feeling: [~ + into + object]burst into tears.[~ + out]He burst out laughing.[~ + with + object]We nearly burst with pride.
- [no object] to appear suddenly: The sun burst through the clouds.
- an act or instance of bursting:several bursts of machine gun fire.
- a sudden, intense display, as of effort: She put on a burst of speed.
- a sudden expression, as of emotion:a burst of rage.
(bûrst),USA pronunciation v., burst or, often, burst•ed, burst•ing, n. v.i.
- to break, break open, or fly apart with sudden violence:The bitter cold caused the pipes to burst.
- to issue forth suddenly and forcibly, as from confinement or through an obstacle:Oil burst to the surface. He burst through the doorway.
- to give sudden expression to or as if to emotion:to burst into applause; to burst into tears.
- to be extremely full, as if ready to break open:The house was bursting with people.
- to appear suddenly;
become visible, audible, evident, etc., all at once:The sun burst through the clouds.
- to cause to break or break open suddenly and violently:He burst the balloon.
- to cause or suffer the rupture of:to burst a blood vessel.
- to separate (the parts of a multipart stationery form consisting of interleaved paper and carbon paper).
- Idiomsburst at the seams, to be filled to or beyond normal capacity:This room will be bursting at the seams when all the guests arrive.
- an act or instance of bursting.
- a sudden, intense display, as of activity, energy, or effort:The car passed us with a burst of speed.
- a sudden expression or manifestation, as of emotion:a burst of affection.
- a sudden and violent issuing forth:a burst of steam from the pipe.
- the explosion of a projectile, esp. in a specified place:an air burst.
- Militarya rapid sequence of shots fired by one pull on the trigger of an automatic weapon:A burst from the machine gun shattered all the windows.
- the result of bursting;
gap:a burst in the dike.
- a sudden appearance or opening to view.
- bef. 1000; Middle English bersten, bursten, Old English berstan (past. plural burston), cognate with Old High German brestan (German bersten), Old Norse bresta; akin to break
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged crack, explode.
- 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged rend, tear.
- 11.See corresponding entry in Unabridged spurt.
- 12, 13.See corresponding entry in Unabridged outbreak.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
burst /bɜːst/ vb (bursts, bursting, burst)
- to break or cause to break open or apart suddenly and noisily, esp from internal pressure; explode
- (intransitive) to come, go, etc, suddenly and forcibly: he burst into the room
- (intransitive) to be full to the point of breaking open
- (intransitive) to give vent (to) suddenly or loudly: to burst into song
- to cause or suffer the rupture of: to burst a blood vessel
Etymology: Old English berstan; related to Old Norse bresta, Old Frisian bersta, Old High German brestan; compare break
- a sudden breaking open or apart; explosion
- a break; breach; rupture
- a sudden display or increase of effort or action; spurt: a burst of speed
- a sudden and violent emission, occurrence, or outbreak: a burst of heavy rain, a burst of applause
- a volley of fire from a weapon or weapons
'burst' also found in these entries: