burst

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈb3ːrst/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/bɝst/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(bûrst)

Inflections of 'burst' (v): (⇒ conjugate)
bursts
v 3rd person singular
bursting
v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
burst
v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed." (US & UK)
bursted
v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed." (US)
burst
v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked." (US & UK)
bursted
v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked." (US)

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
burst /bɜrst/USA pronunciation   v.,  burst or, often, burst•ed, burst•ing, n. 
v. 
  1. to (cause to) break, or fly apart suddenly: [no object]The balloon burst.[+ object]The cold weather burst the pipes.
  2. to come forth suddenly and with force or impact:[no object]The police burst into the room.
  3. to give sudden expression to a feeling: [+ into + object]burst into tears.[+ out]He burst out laughing.[+ with + object]We nearly burst with pride.
  4. [no object] to appear suddenly: The sun burst through the clouds.

n. [countable]
  1. an act or instance of bursting:several bursts of machine gun fire.
  2. a sudden, intense display, as of effort: She put on a burst of speed.
  3. a sudden expression, as of emotion:a burst of rage.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
burst  (bûrst),USA pronunciation v.,  burst  or, often, burst•ed, burst•ing, n. 
v.i. 
  1. to break, break open, or fly apart with sudden violence:The bitter cold caused the pipes to burst.
  2. to issue forth suddenly and forcibly, as from confinement or through an obstacle:Oil burst to the surface. He burst through the doorway.
  3. to give sudden expression to or as if to emotion:to burst into applause; to burst into tears.
  4. to be extremely full, as if ready to break open:The house was bursting with people.
  5. to appear suddenly;
    become visible, audible, evident, etc., all at once:The sun burst through the clouds.

v.t. 
  1. to cause to break or break open suddenly and violently:He burst the balloon.
  2. to cause or suffer the rupture of:to burst a blood vessel.
  3. to separate (the parts of a multipart stationery form consisting of interleaved paper and carbon paper).
  4. Idiomsburst at the seams, to be filled to or beyond normal capacity:This room will be bursting at the seams when all the guests arrive.

n. 
  1. an act or instance of bursting.
  2. a sudden, intense display, as of activity, energy, or effort:The car passed us with a burst of speed.
  3. a sudden expression or manifestation, as of emotion:a burst of affection.
  4. a sudden and violent issuing forth:a burst of steam from the pipe.
  5. Military
    • the explosion of a projectile, esp. in a specified place:an air burst.
    • Militarya rapid sequence of shots fired by one pull on the trigger of an automatic weapon:A burst from the machine gun shattered all the windows.
  6. the result of bursting;
    breach;
    gap:a burst in the dike.
  7. a sudden appearance or opening to view.
  • bef. 1000; Middle English bersten, bursten, Old English berstan (past. plural burston), cognate with Old High German brestan (German bersten), Old Norse bresta; akin to break
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged crack, explode.
    • 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged rend, tear.
    • 11.See corresponding entry in Unabridged spurt.
    • 12, 13.See corresponding entry in Unabridged outbreak.
    See  bust 2.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
burst /bɜːst/ vb (bursts, bursting, burst)
  1. to break or cause to break open or apart suddenly and noisily, esp from internal pressure; explode
  2. (intransitive) to come, go, etc, suddenly and forcibly: he burst into the room
  3. (intransitive) to be full to the point of breaking open
  4. (intransitive) to give vent (to) suddenly or loudly: to burst into song
  5. to cause or suffer the rupture of: to burst a blood vessel
n
  1. a sudden breaking open or apart; explosion
  2. a break; breach; rupture
  3. a sudden display or increase of effort or action; spurt: a burst of speed
  4. a sudden and violent emission, occurrence, or outbreak: a burst of heavy rain, a burst of applause
  5. a volley of fire from a weapon or weapons
Etymology: Old English berstan; related to Old Norse bresta, Old Frisian bersta, Old High German brestan; compare break
'burst' also found in these entries:
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