bone(bōn),USA pronunciationn., v.,boned, bon•ing,adv. n.
one of the structures composing the skeleton of a vertebrate.
the hard connective tissue forming the substance of the skeleton of most vertebrates, composed of a collagen-rich organic matrix impregnated with calcium, phosphate, and other minerals.
such a structure from an edible animal, usually with meat adhering to it, as an article of food:Pea soup should be made with a ham bone.
Zoologyany of various similarly hard or structural animal substances, as ivory or whalebone.
something made of or resembling such a substance.
a small concession, intended to pacify or quiet; a conciliatory bribe or gift:The administration threw the student protesters a couple of bones, but refused to make any basic changes in the curriculum or requirements.
a body:Let his bones rest in peace.
Show Business(cap.) See Mr. Bones.
Music and Dancea simple rhythm instrument consisting of two sometimes curved bars or short strips of bone, ivory, wood, or the like, held between the fingers of one hand and clacked together.
the color of bone; ivory or off-white.
Clothinga flat strip of whalebone or other material for stiffening corsets, petticoats, etc.; stay.
Idiomsfeel in one's bones, to think or feel intuitively:She felt in her bones that it was going to be a momentous day.
Idiomshave a bone to pick with someone, to have cause to disagree or argue with someone:The teacher had a bone to pick with him because his homework paper was identical with his neighbor's.
Idiomsmake no bones about:
to deal with in a direct manner; act or speak openly:He makes no bones about his dislike of modern music.
to have no fear of or objection to.
Idiomsto the bone:
to the essentials; to the minimum:The government cut social service programs to the bone.
to an extreme degree; thoroughly:chilled to the bone.
to remove the bones from:to bone a turkey.
Clothingto put whalebone or another stiffener into (clothing).
Agricultureto put bone meal into (feed, fertilizer, etc.).
Informal Termsbone up, to study intensely; cram:We're going to have to bone up for the exam.
completely; absolutely:bone tired.
Indo-European *osdos ( Greek ózos, Armenian ost)
Indo-European *Host- ( Latin os(s), Albanian asht, Avestan ast-, Hittite hast-ai), which fell together in Gmc with *astaz branch ( German Ast)
Gmc *bainan (neuter), probably origin, originally past participle (compare Old Irish benaid (he) hews), meaning "lopped off,'' from butchering of animals; origin, originally in phrase *bainan astan lopped-off bone or branch (hence, "leg,'' as a branch of the body); replacing *astan bone
bef. 900; Middle English bo(o)n, Old English bān; cognate with Old Frisian, Old Saxon bēn, Dutch been bone, Old Norse bein bone, leg, German Bein leg (-bein bone, in compounds);