bear1/bɛr/USA pronunciationv.,bore/bɔr/USA pronunciationborne or born/bɔrn/USA pronunciation bear•ing.
[~ + object] to hold up or support: The columns can bear the weight of the roof.
to give birth to: [~ + object]She was able to bear a child.[~ + object + object]She bore her husband a child (= She bore for her husband a child).
[~ + object] to produce by natural growth: That tree bears fruit every year.
[~ + object] to hold up under; be capable of: This claim doesn't bear close examination.
to drive or push:[~ + object]The crowd bore us along Fifth Avenue.
to carry or conduct (oneself, etc.):[~ + oneself]She bore herself bravely after her son's death.
[often: with a negative word or phrase, or in questions] to suffer without complaining: [~ + object]I can't bear it.[~ + to + verb]How can he even bear to look at her?[~ + verb-ing]I can't bear your nagging anymore.
to be worthy of; be fit for: [~ + object]That silly story doesn't bear repetition.[~ + verb-ing]What he said doesn't bear repeating.
[~ + object] to carry; bring: Beware of Greeks bearing gifts.
to carry in the mind or heart; feel toward: [~ + object + to/toward]I no longer bear any malice toward her.[~ + object + object]I no longer bear her any malice.
to transmit or spread (gossip, etc.):[~ + object]I'm sorry to be the one to bear the bad news.
[~ + object] to give or offer: to bear testimony.
[~ + object + to] to exhibit; show: My daughter bears a remarkable resemblance to me.
[~ + object] to possess as a quality or characteristic: "This letter bears your signature, does it not?'' the lawyer asked.
[no object] to move or go in a (certain) direction or course: Bear left at the traffic light.
bear down, [no object] to try or struggle harder:to bear down and do better in your studies.
bear down on, [~ + down + on + object]
to press or push down on:Bear down hard on the screw as you turn the screwdriver.
to approach or move toward rapidly and threateningly:She bore down angrily on me as soon as I got in the office.
bear on or upon,[~ + on/upon + object] to show or have a connection to:I can't see how this evidence bears on the case.
bear out,[~ + object + out] to support; confirm or uphold:The figures will bear me out.
bear up, [no object] to face hardship bravely; endure:bearing up very well ever since the tragedy.
bear with, [~ + with + object] to be patient with:If you'll just bear with me for a few minutes, we'll have the movie running again.
Be careful with the forms born and borne as past participles of the verb bear. borne is the past participle in all senses that do not refer to physical birth: The wheat fields have borne abundantly this year. Judges have always borne a burden of responsibility.borne is also the form when the sense is "to bring forth (young)'' and the focus is on the mother rather than on the child. In such cases, borne is preceded by a form of have or followed by by: She had borne a son the previous year. When the focus is on the offspring or on something that is brought forth as if by birth, born is the standard spelling, and it occurs only in passive constructions:My friend was born in Ohio.A strange desire was born of the tragic experience.
bear2/bɛr/USA pronunciationn., pl.bears, (esp. when thought of as a group) bear,adj. n.[countable]
Mammalsa large, stocky mammal with thick, rough fur and a very short tail.
a gruff, clumsy, or rude person.
Businessone who believes that stock prices will decline:Bears dominated the market today as prices fell.
adj.[before a noun]
Businessmarked by declining prices and increased selling of stocks: a bear market.
bear1(bâr),USA pronunciationv.,bore or (Archaic) bare; borne or born; bear•ing. v.t.
to hold up; support:to bear the weight of the roof.
to hold or remain firm under (a load):The roof will not bear the strain of his weight.
to bring forth (young); give birth to:to bear a child.
to produce by natural growth:a tree that bears fruit.
to hold up under; be capable of:His claim doesn't bear close examination.
to press or push against:The crowd was borne back by the police.
to hold or carry (oneself, one's body, one's head, etc.):to bear oneself erectly.
to conduct (oneself ):to bear oneself bravely.
to suffer; endure; undergo:to bear the blame.
to sustain without yielding or suffering injury; tolerate (usually used in negative constructions, unless qualified):I can't bear your nagging. I can hardly bear to see her suffering so.
to be fit for or worthy of:It doesn't bear repeating.
to carry; bring:to bear gifts.
to carry in the mind or heart:to bear love; to bear malice.
to transmit or spread (gossip, tales, etc.).
to render; afford; give:to bear witness; to bear testimony.
to lead; guide; take:They bore him home.
to have and be entitled to:to bear title.
to exhibit; show:to bear a resemblance.
to accept or have, as an obligation:to bear responsibility; to bear the cost.
to stand in (a relation or ratio); have or show correlatively:the relation that price bears to profit.
to possess, as a quality or characteristic; have in or on:to bear traces; to bear an inscription.
to have and use; exercise:to bear authority; to bear sway.
to tend in a course or direction; move; go:to bear west; to bear left at the fork in the road.
to be located or situated:The lighthouse bears due north.
to bring forth young or fruit:Next year the tree will bear.
to press or weigh down.
to strive harder; intensify one's efforts:We can't hope to finish unless everyone bears down.
[Naut.]to approach from windward, as a ship:The cutter was bearing down the channel at twelve knots.
bear down on or upon:
to press or weigh down on.
to strive toward.
to approach something rapidly.
[Naut.]to approach (another vessel) from windward:The sloop bore down on us, narrowly missing our stern.
[Naut.]to keep (a boat) from touching or rubbing against a dock, another boat, etc.
[Naut.]to steer away.
[Backgammon.]to remove the stones from the board after they are all home.
bear on or upon, to affect, relate to, or have connection with; be relevant to:This information may bear on the case.
bear out, to substantiate; confirm:The facts bear me out.
bear up, to endure; face hardship bravely:It is inspiring to see them bearing up so well.
bear with, to be patient or forbearing with:Please bear with me until I finish the story.
bring to bear, to concentrate on with a specific purpose:Pressure was brought to bear on those with overdue accounts.
Indo-European *bher- (see -fer, -phore
bef. 900; Middle English beren, Old English beran; cognate with Old Saxon, Old High German beran, Dutch baren, Old Frisian, Old Norse bera, Gothic bairan, German (ge)bären, Russian berët (he) takes, Albanian bie, Tocharian pär-, Phrygian ab-beret (he) brings, Latin ferre, Old Irish berid (he) carries, Armenian berem, Greek phérein, Sanskrit bhárati, Avestan baraiti;
1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged uphold, sustain.
4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged yield.
6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged thrust, drive, force.
10.See corresponding entry in Unabridged brook, abide, suffer. Bear,stand,endure refer to supporting the burden of something distressing, irksome, or painful. Bear and stand are close synonyms and have a general sense of withstanding:to bear a disappointment well; to stand a loss.Endure implies continued resistance and patience in bearing through a long time:to endure torture.
Since the latter part of the 18th century, a distinction has been made between born and borne as past participles of the verb bear1. Borne is the past participle in all senses that do not refer to physical birth:The wheatfields have borne abundantly this year. Judges have always borne a burden of responsibility.Borne is also the participle when the sense is "to bring forth (young)'' and the focus is on the mother rather than on the child. In such cases, borne is preceded by a form of have or followed by by: Anna had borne a son the previous year. Two children borne by her earlier were already grown. When the focus is on the offspring or on something brought forth as if by birth, born is the standard spelling, and it occurs only in passive constructions:My friend was born in Ohio. No children have been born at the South Pole. A strange desire was born of the tragic experience.Born is also an adjective meaning "by birth,'' "innate,'' or "native'':born free; a born troublemaker; Mexican-born.
bear2(bâr),USA pronunciationn., pl.bears, (esp. collectively) bear,adj., v.,beared, bear•ing. n.
Mammalsany of the plantigrade, carnivorous or omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost rudimentary tails.
Mammalsany of various animals resembling the bear, as the ant bear.
a gruff, burly, clumsy, bad-mannered, or rude person.
Businessa person who believes that market prices, esp. of stocks, will decline (opposed to bull).
Informal Termsa person who shows great ability, enthusiasm, stamina, etc.:a bear for physics.
Astronomy(cap.) either of two constellations, Ursa Major or Ursa Minor.
Informal Termsa player at cards who rarely bluffs.
Idiomsloaded for bear,[Informal.]fully prepared and eager to initiate or deal with a fight, confrontation, or trouble:Keep away from the boss--he's loaded for bear today.
Businesshaving to do with or marked by declining prices, as of stocks:bear market.
Business[Stock Exchange.]to force prices down in (a market, stock, etc.).
Gmc *beran- literally, the brown one; akin to Old Norse bjǫrn, bersi; compare Lithuanian bė́ras brown. Cf. bruin
bef. 1000; Middle English be(a)re, beor(e), Old English bera; cognate with Frisian bār, Dutch beer, Old High German bero (German Bär);