affected

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/əˈfɛktɪd/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/əˈfɛktɪd/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(ə fektid)



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
af•fect•ed2 /əˈfɛktɪd/USA pronunciation   adj. 
  1. characterized by artificiality or pretension:an affected gesture.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
af•fect•ed1  (ə fektid),USA pronunciation adj. 
  1. acted upon;
    influenced.
  2. influenced in a harmful way;
    impaired, harmed, or attacked, as by climate or disease.
  3. (of the mind or feelings) impressed;
    moved;
    touched:She was deeply affected by their generosity.
  • affect1 + -ed2 1570–80

af•fect•ed2  (ə fektid),USA pronunciation adj. 
  1. assumed artificially;
    unnatural;
    feigned:affected sophistication; an affected British accent.
  2. assuming or pretending to possess that which is not natural:Her affected wealth and social pedigree are so obviously false that it's embarrassing.
  3. inclined or disposed:well affected toward the speaker's cause.
  4. held in affection;
    fancied:a novel much affected by our grandparents.
af•fected•ly, adv. 
af•fected•ness, n. 
  • affect2 + -ed2 1525–35

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
affected /əˈfɛktɪd/ adj (usually postpositive)
  1. deeply moved, esp by sorrow or grief
  2. changed, esp detrimentally
Etymology: 17th Century: from affect1 + -ed²
affected /əˈfɛktɪd/ adj
  1. behaving, speaking, etc, in an artificial or assumed way, esp in order to impress others
  2. feigned: affected indifference
Etymology: 16th Century: from affect² + -ed²

afˈfectedly adv
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
af•fect1 /əˈfɛkt/USA pronunciation   v. 
    [~ + object]
  1. to produce an effect or change in: Cold weather affected the crops.
  2. to impress the mind or move the feelings of:The tragedy affected him deeply.
    affect is a verb, affected and affectionate are adjectives, affection is a noun:Nothing seems to affect him. The way he speaks is affected and phony. The cat is friendly and affectionate. She shows a lot of affection for everyone.

af•fect2 /əˈfɛkt/USA pronunciation   v. 
  1. to pretend;
    feign: [~ + object]to affect concern for others.[~ + to + verb]He affected to know a lot about ancient history.
  2. to assume pretentiously or for effect:[~ + object]He affected an English accent.
  3. to use, wear, or adopt by choice:[~ + object]to affect outrageous clothes.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
af•fect1  (v. ə fekt;n. afekt),USA pronunciation v.t. 
  1. to act on;
    produce an effect or change in:Cold weather affected the crops.
  2. to impress the mind or move the feelings of:The music affected him deeply.
  3. Pathology(of pain, disease, etc.) to attack or lay hold of.

n. 
  1. Psychiatryfeeling or emotion.
  2. Psychiatryan expressed or observed emotional response:Restricted, flat, or blunted affect may be a symptom of mental illness, especially schizophrenia.
  3. [Obs.]affection;
    passion;
    sensation;
    inclination;
    inward disposition or feeling.
af•fect′a•ble, adj. 
af•fect′a•bili•ty, n. 
  • Latin affectus acted upon, subjected to; mental or emotional state (past participle and action noun, nominal of afficere), equivalent. to af- af- + fec- (combining form of facere to make, do) + -tus action noun, nominal suffix or -tus past participle suffix
  • Middle English 1350–1400
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged influence, sway;
      modify, alter.
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged touch, stir.
    Affect1 and effect, each both noun and verb, share the sense of "influence,'' and because of their similarity in pronunciation are sometimes confused in writing. As a verb affect1 means "to act on'' or "to move'' (His words affected the crowd so deeply that many wept);
    affect2 means "to pretend'' or "to assume'' (new students affecting a nonchalance they didn't feel). The verb effect means "to bring about, accomplish'':Her administration effected radical changes.The noun effect means "result, consequence'':the serious effects of the oil spill.The noun affect1 pronounced with the stress on the first syllable, is a technical term in psychology and psychiatry. Affect2 is not used as a noun.

af•fect2  (ə fekt),USA pronunciation v.t. 
  1. to give the appearance of;
    pretend or feign:to affect knowledge of the situation.
  2. to assume artificially, pretentiously, or for effect:to affect a Southern accent.
  3. to use, wear, or adopt by preference;
    choose;
    prefer:the peculiar costume he affected.
  4. to assume the character or attitude of:to affect the freethinker.
  5. (of things) to tend toward habitually or naturally:a substance that affects colloidal form.
  6. Ecology(of animals and plants) to occupy or inhabit;
    live in or on:Lions affect Africa. Moss affects the northern slopes.
  7. [Archaic.]
    • to have affection for;
      fancy.
    • to aim at;
      aspire to.

v.i. 
  1. [Obs.]to incline, tend, or favor (usually fol. by to):He affects to the old ways.
af•fect•er, n. 
  • Latin affectāre to strive after, feign (frequentative of afficere to do to), equivalent. to af- af- + fec- (see affect1) + -tāre frequentative suffix
  • Middle French affecter
  • late Middle English 1400–50
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged See  pretend. 
    See  affect 1.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
affect vb /əˈfɛkt/(transitive)
  1. to act upon or influence, esp in an adverse way: damp affected the sparking plugs
  2. to move or disturb emotionally or mentally: her death affected him greatly
  3. (of pain, disease, etc) to attack
n /ˈæfɛkt; əˈfɛkt/
  1. the emotion associated with an idea or set of ideas
    See also affection
Etymology: 17th Century: from Latin affectus, past participle of afficere to act upon, from ad- to + facere to do
affect /əˈfɛkt/ vb (mainly tr)
  1. to put on an appearance or show of; make a pretence of: to affect ignorance
  2. to imitate or assume, esp pretentiously
  3. to have or use by preference
  4. to adopt the character, manner, etc, of
  5. to incline naturally or habitually towards
Etymology: 15th Century: from Latin affectāre to strive after, pretend to have; related to afficere to affect1
'affected' also found in these entries:
Collocations: all affected [individuals, persons, patients], [severely, significantly] affected [individuals], affected [individuals] should [contact, make an appointment, consider], more...

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