abstract

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations adjective: /ˈæbstrækt/, verb: /æbˈstrækt/

US:USA pronuncation: IPAUSA pronuncation: IPA/adj. æbˈstrækt, ˈæbstrækt; n. ˈæbstrækt; v. æbˈstrækt/

US:USA pronunciation: respellingUSA pronunciation: respelling(adj. ab strakt, abstrakt; n. abstrakt; v. ab strakt for 1114, abstrakt for 15)




WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
ab•stract /adj. æbˈstrækt, ˈæbstrækt; n. ˈæbstrækt;
v. æbˈstrækt/USA pronunciation
   adj. 
  1. thought of apart from concrete realities or specific objects:an abstract idea.
  2. (of a word) describing a quality or idea apart from any specific object or instance:an abstract word like justice.
  3. difficult to understand;
    abstruse:an abstract theory.
  4. Fine Art(of art) emphasizing line, color, and shape rather than specific objects or forms.

n. [countable]
  1. a summary of a text, technical article, speech, etc:Please include a 250-word abstract of the paper.

v. [ ~ + object (+ from)]
  1. to make a summary of or from (a piece of writing, a speech, etc.);
    summarize:abstracted the main points from the essay.
Idioms
  1. Idioms in the abstract, without reference to a specific object or instance;
    in theory:He understood the idea in the abstract.

ab•stract•ly, adv. 
ab•stract•ness, n. [uncountable]See -trac-.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
ab•stract  (adj. ab strakt, abstrakt;n. abstrakt;
v. ab strakt for 11–14, abstrakt for 15),USA pronunciation
 adj. 
  1. thought of apart from concrete realities, specific objects, or actual instances:an abstract idea.
  2. expressing a quality or characteristic apart from any specific object or instance, as justice, poverty, and speed.
  3. theoretical;
    not applied or practical:abstract science.
  4. difficult to understand;
    abstruse:abstract speculations.
  5. Fine Art
    • of or pertaining to the formal aspect of art, emphasizing lines, colors, generalized or geometrical forms, etc., esp. with reference to their relationship to one another.
    • (often cap.) pertaining to the nonrepresentational art styles of the 20th century.

n. 
  1. a summary of a text, scientific article, document, speech, etc.;
    epitome.
  2. something that concentrates in itself the essential qualities of anything more extensive or more general, or of several things;
    essence.
  3. an idea or term considered apart from some material basis or object.
  4. Fine Artan abstract work of art.
  5. in the abstract, without reference to a specific object or instance;
    in theory:beauty in the abstract.

v.t. 
  1. to draw or take away;
    remove.
  2. to divert or draw away the attention of.
  3. to steal.
  4. to consider as a general quality or characteristic apart from specific objects or instances:to abstract the notions of time, space, and matter.
  5. to make an abstract of;
    summarize.
  6. abstract away from, to omit from consideration.
ab•stracter, n. 
ab•stractly, adv. 
abstract•ness, n. 
  • Latin abstractus drawn off (past participle of abstrahere). See abs-, tract1
  • late Middle English: withdrawn from worldly interests 1400–50

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
abstract adj /ˈæbstrækt/
  1. having no reference to material objects or specific examples; not concrete
  2. not applied or practical; theoretical
  3. hard to understand; recondite; abstruse
  4. denoting art characterized by geometric, formalized, or otherwise nonrepresentational qualities
n /ˈæbstrækt/
  1. a condensed version of a piece of writing, speech, etc; summary
  2. an abstract term or idea
  3. an abstract painting, sculpture, etc
  4. in the abstractwithout reference to specific circumstances or practical experience
vb /æbˈstrækt/(transitive)
  1. to think of (a quality or concept) generally without reference to a specific example; regard theoretically
  2. to form (a general idea) by abstraction
  3. /ˈæbstrækt/(also intr) to summarize or epitomize
  4. to remove or extract
Etymology: 14th Century: (in the sense: extracted): from Latin abstractus drawn off, removed from (something specific), from abs- ab-1 + trahere to draw
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