WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
ab•stract /adj. æbˈstrækt, ˈæbstrækt; n. ˈæbstrækt;WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
v. æbˈstrækt/USA pronunciation
- thought of apart from concrete realities or specific objects:an abstract idea.
- (of a word) describing a quality or idea apart from any specific object or instance:an abstract word like justice.
- difficult to understand;
abstruse:an abstract theory.
- Fine Art(of art) emphasizing line, color, and shape rather than specific objects or forms.
v. [ ~ + object (+ from)]
- a summary of a text, technical article, speech, etc:Please include a 250-word abstract of the paper.
- to make a summary of or from (a piece of writing, a speech, etc.);
summarize:abstracted the main points from the essay.
ab•stract•ness, n. [uncountable]See -trac-.
- Idioms in the abstract, without reference to a specific object or instance;
in theory:He understood the idea in the abstract.
(adj. ab strakt′, ab′strakt;n. ab′strakt;
v. ab strakt′ for 11–14, ab′strakt for 15),USA pronunciation adj.
- thought of apart from concrete realities, specific objects, or actual instances:an abstract idea.
- expressing a quality or characteristic apart from any specific object or instance, as justice, poverty, and speed.
not applied or practical:abstract science.
- difficult to understand;
- Fine Art
- of or pertaining to the formal aspect of art, emphasizing lines, colors, generalized or geometrical forms, etc., esp. with reference to their relationship to one another.
- (often cap.) pertaining to the nonrepresentational art styles of the 20th century.
- a summary of a text, scientific article, document, speech, etc.;
- something that concentrates in itself the essential qualities of anything more extensive or more general, or of several things;
- an idea or term considered apart from some material basis or object.
- Fine Artan abstract work of art.
- in the abstract, without reference to a specific object or instance;
in theory:beauty in the abstract.
- to draw or take away;
- to divert or draw away the attention of.
- to steal.
- to consider as a general quality or characteristic apart from specific objects or instances:to abstract the notions of time, space, and matter.
- to make an abstract of;
- abstract away from, to omit from consideration.
- Latin abstractus drawn off (past participle of abstrahere). See abs-, tract1
- late Middle English: withdrawn from worldly interests 1400–50
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
abstract adj /ˈæbstrækt/
- having no reference to material objects or specific examples; not concrete
- not applied or practical; theoretical
- hard to understand; recondite; abstruse
- denoting art characterized by geometric, formalized, or otherwise nonrepresentational qualities
- a condensed version of a piece of writing, speech, etc; summary
- an abstract term or idea
- an abstract painting, sculpture, etc
- in the abstract ⇒ without reference to specific circumstances or practical experience
Etymology: 14th Century: (in the sense: extracted): from Latin abstractus drawn off, removed from (something specific), from abs- ab-1 + trahere to draw
- to think of (a quality or concept) generally without reference to a specific example; regard theoretically
- to form (a general idea) by abstraction
- /ˈæbstrækt/(also intr) to summarize or epitomize
- to remove or extract
'abstract' also found in these entries: