absent

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations adjective: /ˈæbsənt/, verb: /æbˈsɛnt/

US:USA pronuncation: IPAUSA pronuncation: IPA/adj. ˈæbsənt; v. æbˈsɛnt, ˈæbsənt/

US:USA pronunciation: respellingUSA pronunciation: respelling(adj., prep. absənt; v. ab sent, absənt)



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
ab•sent /adj. ˈæbsənt; v. æbˈsɛnt, ˈæbsənt/USA pronunciation   adj. 
  1. not in a certain place at a given time;
    not present:He was absent from class again.
  2. lacking;
    nonexistent: Revenge was absent from his mind.
  3. not attentive;
    preoccupied;
    absent-minded:[before a noun]an absent stare.

v. [+ oneself (+ from + object)]
  1. to take or keep (oneself ) away: to absent oneself from a meeting.
ab•sent•ly, adv. 
    absent is an adjective, absence is a noun:John was absent from school. Any more absences and John will be dropped from the course.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
ab•sent  (adj., prep. absənt;v. ab sent, absənt),USA pronunciation adj. 
  1. not in a certain place at a given time;
    away, missing (opposed to present):absent from class.
  2. lacking;
    nonexistent:Revenge is absent from his mind.
  3. not attentive;
    preoccupied;
    absent-minded:an absent look on his face.

v.t. 
  1. to take or keep (oneself ) away:to absent oneself from a meeting.

prep. 
  1. in the absence of;
    without:Absent some catastrophe, stock-market prices should soon improve.
ab•sen•ta•tion  (adj., prep. absənt;v. ab sent, absənt),USA pronunciation n.  ab•senter, n. 
absent•ness, n. 
  • Latin absent- (stem of absēns, present participle of abesse to be away (ab- ab- + -s- be (see is) + -ent- -ent))
  • Middle English 1350–1400
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged out, off.
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged present.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
absent adj /ˈæbsənt/
  1. away or not present
  2. lacking; missing
  3. inattentive; absent-minded
vb /æbˈsɛnt/
  1. (transitive) to remove (oneself) or keep away
Etymology: 14th Century: from Latin absent-, stem of absēns, present participle of abesse to be away
'absent' also found in these entries:
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