ablative

UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈæblətɪv/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/ˈæblətɪv/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(ablə tiv, a blātiv)


WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
ab•la•tive /ˈæblətɪv/USA pronunciation   adj. 
  1. Grammarof or concerning a case in grammar used to mark the starting point of an action and, in Latin, to indicate how something is done, or by whom or what it was done:In the Latin translation of "from Tusculum,'' the Latin word "Tusculo'' is in the ablative case.

n. [countable]
  1. Grammarthe ablative case.
  2. Grammara word or other form in this case.
See -lat-1.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
ab•la•tive1  (ablə tiv),USA pronunciation [Gram.]
adj. 
  1. Grammar(in some inflected languages) noting a case that has among its functions the indication of place from which or, as in Latin, place in which, manner, means, instrument, or agent.

n. 
  1. Grammarthe ablative case.
  2. Grammara word in that case, as Troiā in Latin Aenēas Troiā vēnit, "Aeneas came from Troy.''
ab•la•ti•val  (ablə tiv),USA pronunciation adj. 
  • Latin ablātīvus. See ablate, -ive
  • 1400–50; late Middle English

ab•la•tive2  (a blātiv),USA pronunciation adj. 
  1. Surgerycapable of or susceptible to ablation;
    tending to ablate:the ablative nose cone of a rocket.
ab•lative•ly, adv. 
  • ablate + -ive 1560–70

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
ablative /ˈæblətɪv/ adj
  1. (in certain inflected languages such as Latin) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument, manner, or place of the action described by the verb
n
  1. the ablative case
  2. a word or speech element in the ablative case
'ablative' also found in these entries:
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