abate

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/əˈbeɪt/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/əˈbeɪt/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(ə bāt)


Inflections of 'abate' (v): (⇒ conjugate)
abates
v 3rd person singular
abating
v pres pverb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing."
abated
v pastverb, past simple: Past tense--for example, "He saw the man." "She laughed."
abated
v past pverb, past participle: Verb form used descriptively or to form verbs--for example, "the locked door," "The door has been locked."

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
a•bate /əˈbeɪt/USA pronunciation   v., a•bat•ed, a•bat•ing.  
  1. [+ object] to reduce in amount, degree, intensity, etc.;
    lessen;
    diminish: to abate a tax.
  2. to diminish in amount, degree, or intensity:[no object]The hurricane has abated. Her fears have abated somewhat.
a•bate•ment, n. [uncountable]

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
a•bate  (ə bāt),USA pronunciation v.,  a•bat•ed, a•bat•ing. 
v.t. 
  1. to reduce in amount, degree, intensity, etc.;
    lessen;
    diminish:to abate a tax; to abate one's enthusiasm.
  2. Law
    • to put an end to or suppress (a nuisance).
    • to suspend or extinguish (an action).
    • to annul (a writ).
  3. to deduct or subtract:to abate part of the cost.
  4. to omit:to abate all mention of names.
  5. Fine Artto remove, as in stone carving, or hammer down, as in metalwork, (a portion of a surface) in order to produce a figure or pattern in low relief.

v.i. 
  1. to diminish in intensity, violence, amount, etc.:The storm has abated. The pain in his shoulder finally abated.
  2. Lawto end;
    become null and void.
a•bata•ble, adj. 
a•bater*  [Law.]a•bator, n. 
  • Late Latin batere for Latin battuere to beat; a- perh. also understood as a-3
  • Middle French abatre to beat down, equivalent. to a- a-5 + batre
  • Middle English 1300–50
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged decrease, weaken.
    • 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged subside.
    • 1, 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged increase, intensify.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
abate /əˈbeɪt/ vb
  1. to make or become less in amount, intensity, degree, etc
  2. (transitive) to remove, suppress, or terminate (a nuisance)
  3. to suspend or extinguish (a claim or action)
  4. to annul (a writ)
  5. (intransitive) (of a writ, legal action, etc) to become null and void
Etymology: 14th Century: from Old French abatre to beat down, fell
'abate' also found in these entries:
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