UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/əˈbændən/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/əˈbændən/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(ə bandən)

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
a•ban•don1 /əˈbændən/USA pronunciation   v. 
  1. to leave completely and finally;
    desert:[+ object]like rats abandoning a sinking ship.
  2. [ + obj] to give up;
    withdraw from:to abandon hope.
  3. [+ object + to + object] to give up the control of: The army abandoned the city to the enemy.
  4. [+ oneself + to + object] to feel an emotion strongly and without restraint or moderation (usually of grief or sadness or joy).

n. [uncountable]
  1. [usually: with + ~] the feeling of an emotion in a strong and in a carefree way.
a•ban•don•ment, n. [uncountable]

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
a•ban•don1  (ə bandən),USA pronunciation v.t. 
  1. to leave completely and finally;
    forsake utterly;
    desert:to abandon one's farm;to abandon a child;to abandon a sinking ship.
  2. to give up;
    withdraw from:to abandon a research project; to abandon hopes for a stage career.
  3. to give up the control of:to abandon a city to an enemy army.
  4. to yield (oneself ) without restraint or moderation;
    give (oneself ) over to natural impulses, usually without self-control:to abandon oneself to grief.
  5. Lawto cast away, leave, or desert, as property or a child.
  6. Business[Insurance.]to relinquish (insured property) to the underwriter in case of partial loss, thus enabling the insured to claim a total loss.
  7. [Obs.]to banish.
a•bandon•a•ble, adj. 
a•bandon•er, n. 
a•bandon•ment, n. 
  • Gmc *band; see bond1
  • Latin ad; see ad-) + bandon
  • Middle French abandoner for Old French (mettre) a bandon (put) under (someone's) jurisdiction, equivalent. to a at, to (
  • Middle English abando(u)nen 1325–75
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged See  desert 2.
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Abandon, relinquish, renounce mean to give up all concern in something.
      Abandon means to give up or discontinue any further interest in something because of discouragement, weariness, distaste, or the like:to abandon one's efforts.Relinquish implies being or feeling compelled to give up something one would prefer to keep:to relinquish a long-cherished desire.Renounce implies making (and perhaps formally stating) a voluntary decision to give something up:to renounce worldly pleasures.
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged yield, surrender, resign, waive, abdicate.
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged keep.
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged continue;
      begin, start.
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged retain.

a•ban•don2  (ə bandən),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. a complete surrender to natural impulses without restraint or moderation;
    freedom from inhibition or conventionality:to dance with reckless abandon.
  • French, noun, nominal derivative of abandonner to abandon1
  • 1815–25
    restraint, constraint.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
abandon /əˈbændən/ vb (transitive)
  1. to forsake completely; desert; leave behind
  2. to give up completely: to abandon a habit, to abandon hope
  3. to give up (something begun) before completion: to abandon a job, the game was abandoned
  4. to surrender (oneself) to emotion without restraint
  5. to give (insured property that has suffered partial loss or damage) to the insurers in order that a claim for a total loss may be made
  1. freedom from inhibitions, restraint, concern, or worry: she danced with abandon
Etymology: 14th Century: abandounen (vb), from Old French, from a bandon under one's control, in one's power, from a at, to + bandon control, power

aˈbandonment n
'abandon' also found in these entries:

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