Whig

UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/wɪɡ/US:USA pronunciation: respellingUSA pronunciation: respelling'Whig', 'whig': (hwig, wig)


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
Whig /wɪɡ/ n
  1. a member of the English political party or grouping that opposed the succession to the throne of James, Duke of York, in 1679–80 on the grounds that he was a Catholic. Standing for a limited monarchy, the Whigs represented the great aristocracy and the moneyed middle class for the next 80 years. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the Whigs represented the desires of industrialists and Dissenters for political and social reform. The Whigs provided the core of the Liberal Party
  2. (in the US) a supporter of the War of American Independence
    Compare Tory
  3. a member of the American political party that opposed the Democrats from about 1834 to 1855 and represented propertied and professional interests
  4. a 17th-century Scottish Presbyterian, esp one in rebellion against the Crown
adj
  1. of, characteristic of, or relating to Whigs
Etymology: 17th Century: probably shortened from whiggamore, one of a group of 17th-century Scottish rebels who joined in an attack on Edinburgh known as the whiggamore raid; probably from Scottish whig to drive (of obscure origin) + more, mer, maire horse, mare1

ˈWhiggery, ˈWhiggism n ˈWhiggish adj
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
whig  (hwig, wig),USA pronunciation v.i.,  whigged, whig•ging. [Scot.]
  • Scottish Termsto move along briskly.
    • 1660–70; perh. Scots variant of dialect, dialectal fig to move briskly; see fidget

    Whig  (hwig, wig),USA pronunciation  n. 
    1. American History
      • a member of the patriotic party during the Revolutionary period;
        supporter of the Revolution.
      • a member of a political party (c1834–1855) that was formed in opposition to the Democratic party, and favored economic expansion and a high protective tariff, while opposing the strength of the presidency in relation to the legislature.
    2. American History[Brit. Politics.]
      • a member of a major political party (1679–1832) in Great Britain that held liberal principles and favored reforms: later called the Liberal party.
      • (in later use) one of the more conservative members of the Liberal party.

    adj. 
    1. American Historybeing a Whig.
    2. American Historyof, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Whigs.
    • 1635–45; earlier, a Covenanter, hence an opponent of the accession of James II; of uncertain origin, originally, though probably in part a shortening of whiggamaire (later whiggamore), a participant in the Whiggamore Raid a march against the royalists in Edinburgh launched by Covenanters in 1648 (said to represent whig to spur on (compare whig) + maire mare1)

    'Whig' also found in these entries (note: many are not synonyms or translations):
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