- the past tense and past participle of sit
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
- a pt. and pp. of sit.
Sat., an abbreviation of:
- -sat- comes from Latin, where it has the meaning "full, enough, sufficient.'' This meaning is found in such words as: dissatisfaction, dissatisfy, insatiable, sate, satiated, satire, satisfaction, satisfy, saturate, unsatisfied.
- to rest with the body supported by one's buttocks or thighs;
be seated:[no object]I was sitting at my desk when the phone rang.
- to (cause to) lower the body into a position of rest supported by one's buttocks or thighs: [no object; (~ + down)]Please sit (down); I'll be back in a minute.[~ + object (+ down)]sat the child (down) on the sofa.
- to be located or situated;
lie or rest:[no object]The house sits on a cliff.
- [no object] to place oneself in position for an artist, etc.;
- to remain quiet:[no object]Let the matter sit.
- Animal Behavior[no object] (of a bird) to cover eggs with the body for hatching;
- to fit or hang, such as a garment:[no object]That shirt doesn't sit well on him.
- to have an official position, such as a legislator or judge:[no object; often: ~ + on + object]She sits on the committee.
- to hold a session:[no object]The court sits in judgment.
- (used after a word or root) to take care of (the specified thing) like a baby-sitter:to house-sit (= to live in another's house while the owners are away); to plant-sit (= to take care of another's plants while the owners are away).
- to be accepted in the way indicated:[no object]His answer didn't sit right with us.
- Informal Terms to be acceptable to the stomach:[no object]My breakfast didn't sit too well.
- to provide seating accommodations;
seat:[~ + object; no passive]Our table only sits six people.
- Informal Terms to baby-sit:[no object]She used to sit for us when our daughter was a baby.
- sit around, [no object; usually: ~ + around + verb-ing] to do nothing:The workers were sitting around ignoring their work.
- sit in (on), [~ + in (+ on + object)] to be a spectator at (some event or circumstance):I'd like permission to sit in on your class.
- sit on or upon, [~ + on/upon + object]
- to inquire into or deliberate over:A coroner's jury sat on the case.
- to put off for a time;
- Informal Termsto check;
squelch:to sit on nasty rumors.
- sit out:
- [~ + out + object] to stay to the end of:He sat out the whole movie in silence.
- to stay, wait, or endure longer than: [~ + out + object]to sit out one's rivals.[~ + object + out]to sit them out.
- to keep one's seat during (a dance, etc.);
fail to participate in (an activity): [~ + out + object]I think I'll sit out the next dance.[~ + object + out]I'll have to sit this one out; I'm a little tired.
- sit up:
- to (cause to) rise from a lying or reclining position to a sitting position: [no object]Sit up straight and answer me.[~ + object + up]The nurse sat him up in his bed.
- [no object; often: ~ + up + verb-ing] to be awake and active during one's usual sleep time:to sit up all night playing solitaire.
- [no object] to become interested;
take notice:This will make them sit up and notice.
- Idiomssit on one's hands:
- to fail to applaud.
- to fail to take proper or necessary action.
- Idiomssit tight, [no object] to take no action;
wait:Sit tight, and when I give you the signal, then move.
sit•ter, n. [countable]
- a pt. and pp. of sit.
sat2 (sut),USA pronunciation n. [Hinduism.]
- (in Vedic mythology) the realm of existence, populated by people and gods. Cf. Asat.
- reality. Cf. Sat-cit-ananda.
- Sanskrit: literally, being
sat or (Archaic) sit•ten;
- to rest with the body supported by the buttocks or thighs;
- to be located or situated:The house sits well up on the slope.
- to rest or lie (usually fol. by on or upon):An aura of greatness sits easily upon him.
- to place oneself in position for an artist, photographer, etc.;
pose:to sit for a portrait.
- to remain quiet or inactive:They let the matter sit.
- Animal Behavior(of a bird) to perch or roost.
- Animal Behavior(of a hen) to cover eggs to hatch them;
- to fit, rest, or hang, as a garment:The jacket sits well on your shoulders.
- to occupy a place or have a seat in an official assembly or in an official capacity, as a legislator, judge, or bishop.
- to be convened or in session, as an assembly.
- to act as a baby-sitter.
- Meteorology(of wind) to blow from the indicated direction:The wind sits in the west tonight.
- to be accepted or considered in the way indicated:Something about his looks just didn't sit right with me.
- Informal Termsto be acceptable to the stomach:Something I ate for breakfast didn't sit too well.
- to cause to sit;
seat (often fol. by down):Sit yourself down. He sat me near him.
- to sit astride or keep one's seat on (a horse or other animal):She sits her horse gracefully.
- to provide seating accommodations or seating room for;
seat:Our dining-room table only sits six people.
- Informal Termsto serve as baby-sitter for:A neighbor can sit the children while you go out.
- sit down:
- to take a seat.
- to descend to a sitting position;
- to take up a position, as to encamp or besiege:The military forces sat down at the approaches to the city.
- sit in:
- to attend or take part as a visitor or temporary participant:to sit in at a bridge game; to sit in for the band's regular pianist.
- to take part in a sit-in.
- sit in on, to be a spectator, observer, or visitor at:to sit in on classes.
- sit on or upon:
- to inquire into or deliberate over:A coroner's jury was called to sit on the case.
- [Informal.]to suppress;
silence:They sat on the bad news as long as they could.
- Informal Termsto check or rebuke;
squelch:I'll sit on him if he tries to interrupt me.
- Idiomssit on one's hands:
- Idiomsto fail to applaud.
- Idiomsto fail to take appropriate action.
- sit out:
- to stay to the end of:Though bored, we sat out the play.
- to surpass in endurance:He sat out his tormentors.
- to keep one's seat during (a dance, competition, etc.);
fail to participate in:We sat out all the Latin-American numbers.
- Informal Termssit pretty, to be in a comfortable situation:He's been sitting pretty ever since he got that new job.
- sit tight, to bide one's time;
take no action:I'm going to sit tight till I hear from you.
- sit up:
- to rise from a supine to a sitting position.
- to delay the hour of retiring beyond the usual time.
- to sit upright;
hold oneself erect.
- [Informal.]to become interested or astonished:We all sat up when the holiday was announced.
- bef. 900; Middle English sitten, Old English sittan; cognate with Dutch zitten, German sitzen, Old Norse sitja; akin to Gothic sitan, Latin sedēre, Greek hézesthai (base hed-); compare set, sedate, cathedral, nest
- 10. meet.See corresponding entry in Unabridged
- assemble.See corresponding entry in Unabridged
- convene.See corresponding entry in Unabridged
- gather..See corresponding entry in Unabridged
- Cf. set.
sit2 (sit),USA pronunciation v.
- Drugs(in prescriptions) may it be.
- (also tr; when intr, often followed by down, in, or on) to adopt or rest in a posture in which the body is supported on the buttocks and thighs and the torso is more or less upright: to sit on a chair, sit a horse
- (transitive) to cause to adopt such a posture
- (of an animal) to adopt or rest in a posture with the hindquarters lowered to the ground
- (of a bird) to perch or roost
- (of a hen or other bird) to cover eggs to hatch them; brood
- to be situated or located
- (of the wind) to blow from the direction specified
- to adopt and maintain a posture for one's portrait to be painted, etc
- to occupy or be entitled to a seat in some official capacity, as a judge, elected representative, etc
- (of a deliberative body) to be convened or in session
- to remain inactive or unused: his car sat in the garage for a year
- (of a garment) to fit or hang as specified: that dress sits well on you
- to weigh, rest, or lie as specified: greatness sits easily on him
- (transitive) chiefly Brit to take (an examination): he's sitting his bar finals
- (usually followed by for) chiefly Brit to be a candidate (for a qualification): he's sitting for a BA
- (intr; in combination) to look after a specified person or thing for someone else: granny-sit
- (transitive) to have seating capacity for
- sit tight ⇒ to wait patiently; bide one's time
- to maintain one's position, stand, or opinion firmly
See also sit back, sit downEtymology: Old English sittan; related to Old Norse sitja, Gothic sitan, Old High German sizzen, Latin sedēre to sit, Sanskrit sīdati he sits