Batten

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UK:*UK and possibly other pronunciationsUK and possibly other pronunciations/ˈbætən/US:USA pronunciation: IPA and respellingUSA pronuncation: IPA/ˈbætən/ ,USA pronunciation: respelling(batn)


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
Batten /ˈbætən/ n
  1. Jean. 1909–82, New Zealand aviator: the first woman to fly single-handed from Australia to Britain (1935)
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2020
bat•ten2 /ˈbætən/USA pronunciation   n. 
    [countable]
  1. Buildinga strip of wood fastened on other boards to keep them in place.
  2. Nautical, Naval Termsa length of material used on a ship to fasten down a cover over a hatch.
Idioms
  1. batten down the hatches: 
    • to secure the covers of a ship's hatches with battens.
    • to prepare to meet an emergency:The tornado is coming, so we had better batten down the hatches here and get to the cellar.

See -bat-.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2020
bat•ten1  (batn),USA pronunciation v.i. 
  1. to thrive by feeding;
    grow fat.
  2. to feed gluttonously or greedily;
    glut oneself.
  3. to thrive, prosper, or live in luxury, esp. at the expense of others:robber barons who battened on the poor.

v.t. 
  1. Nautical, Naval Termsto cause to thrive by or as if by feeding;
    fatten.
  • Old Norse batna to improve; cognate with Gothic gabatnan (bati change for the better + -na infinitive suffix). Compare Old English bet, Gothic batis, Old High German baz better
  • apparently 1585–95

bat•ten2  (batn),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. Buildinga small board or strip of wood used for various building purposes, as to cover joints between boards, reinforce certain doors, or supply a foundation for lathing.
  2. Buildinga transverse iron or steel strip supporting the flooring strips of a metal fire escape.
  3. [Naut.]
    • a thin strip of wood inserted in a sail to keep it flat.
    • a thin, flat length of wood or metal used for various purposes, as to hold the tarpaulin covering a hatch in place.
  4. [Shipbuilding.]a flexible strip of wood used for fairing the lines of a hull on the floor of a mold loft.
  5. Show Business[Theat.]
    • Also called  pipe batten. a length of metal pipe hung from the gridiron, for suspending scenery or equipment, as drops, flats, or lighting units.
    • a narrow strip of lumber for constructing, reinforcing, or joining flats.
    • a similar strip attached to a drop to keep it flat or taut.

v.t. 
  1. Buildingto furnish or bolster with battens.
  2. [Naut.]to cover (a hatch) so as to make watertight (usually fol. by down).
  3. Mechanical Engineering[Mach.]to secure (work) to a table or bed for a machining operation.
  4. Buildingto join or assemble (a steel column or the like) with batten plates.
  5. Show Business[Theat.]
    • to suspend (scenery, stage lights, etc.) from a batten.
    • to fasten a batten to (a flat or drop).
batten•er, n. 
  • Old French batant, noun, nominal use of past participle of batre to beat; see bate2, -ant
  • late Middle English bataunt, batent finished board 1400–50

bat•ten3  (batn),USA pronunciation [Textiles.]
n. 
  1. Textiles(in a loom) the swinging frame for holding and positioning the reed.
  2. Textilesa part of the lay of a loom.

v.t. 
  1. to beat (filling yarn) into place with the batten.
  • 1825–35; alteration of French battant; see batten1

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
batten /ˈbætən/ n
  1. a sawn strip of wood used in building to cover joints, provide a fixing for tiles or slates, support lathing, etc
  2. a long narrow board used for flooring
  3. a lath used for holding a tarpaulin along the side of a raised hatch on a ship
  4. a row of lights
  5. the strip or bar supporting them
vb
  1. (transitive) to furnish or strengthen with battens
  2. batten down the hatchesto use battens in nailing a tarpaulin over a hatch on a ship to make it secure
  3. to prepare for action, a crisis, etc
Etymology: 15th Century: from French bâton stick; see baton
batten /ˈbætən/ vb
  1. (intransitive) usually followed by on: to thrive, esp at the expense of someone else
Etymology: 16th Century: probably from Old Norse batna to improve; related to Old Norse betr better1, Old High German bazzen to get better
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