regular model: work
verbs ending in -e: like

like - model verbRegular verbs ending with a silent -e: remove the final -e before adding -ed or -ing.

Variants of the regular models:

  1. pass -s, -sh, -x, -o: +e
  2. try -y>ie
  3. omit -X>-XX
  4. die -ie: -ie>y
  5. agree -ee: +d

Irregular past tense models:

  1. cost invar.
  2. feed vowel: long>short
  3. find i>ou
  4. know [o,a]>e
  5. mean +t
  6. panic -k-
  7. pay -ay>aid
  8. send -d>-t
  9. sing i>a, u
  10. show >ed, -n
  11. stick a>u, i>u
  12. sleep -ee_>-e_t
  13. speak >o_e, o_en
  14. spell >ed, -t
  15. take -ake>-ook, -aken
  16. think >-ought
  17. wear -ear>-ore, -orn
  18. write -i_e>o_e, i_en

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refuse

It is conjugated like: like
infinitive:
present participle:
past participle:
(to) refuse
refusing
refused
definition
in Spanish
in French
in Italian

Indicative

presentAlso known as:
present simple or simple present
Irefuse
yourefuse
he, she, itrefuses
werefuse
yourefuse
theyrefuse
simple pastAlso known as:
past simple or preterit
Irefused
yourefused
he, she, itrefused
werefused
yourefused
theyrefused
future
Iwill refuse
youwill refuse
he, she, itwill refuse
wewill refuse
youwill refuse
theywill refuse

Perfect tenses

present perfect
Ihave refused
youhave refused
he, she, ithas refused
wehave refused
youhave refused
theyhave refused
past perfectAlso known as:
pluperfect
Ihad refused
youhad refused
he, she, ithad refused
wehad refused
youhad refused
theyhad refused
future perfect
Iwill have refused
youwill have refused
he, she, itwill have refused
wewill have refused
youwill have refused
theywill have refused

Continuous (progressive) and emphatic tenses

present continuous
Iam refusing
youare refusing
he, she, itis refusing
weare refusing
youare refusing
theyare refusing
past continuous
Iwas refusing
youwere refusing
he, she, itwas refusing
wewere refusing
youwere refusing
theywere refusing
present emphatic
Ido refuse
youdo refuse
he, she, itdoes refuse
wedo refuse
youdo refuse
theydo refuse
past emphatic
Idid refuse
youdid refuse
he, she, itdid refuse
wedid refuse
youdid refuse
theydid refuse

Compound continuous (progressive) tenses

present perfect
Ihave been refusing
youhave been refusing
he, she, ithas been refusing
wehave been refusing
youhave been refusing
theyhave been refusing
past perfect
Ihad been refusing
youhad been refusing
he, she, ithad been refusing
wehad been refusing
youhad been refusing
theyhad been refusing
future
Iwill be refusing
youwill be refusing
he, she, itwill be refusing
wewill be refusing
youwill be refusing
theywill be refusing
future perfect
Iwill have been refusing
youwill have been refusing
he, she, itwill have been refusing
wewill have been refusing
youwill have been refusing
theywill have been refusing

Conditional

present
Iwould refuse
youwould refuse
he, she, itwould refuse
wewould refuse
youwould refuse
theywould refuse
perfectAlso known as:
past conditional
Iwould have refused
youwould have refused
he, she, itwould have refused
wewould have refused
youwould have refused
theywould have refused
present continuous
Iwould be refusing
youwould be refusing
he, she, itwould be refusing
wewould be refusing
youwould be refusing
theywould be refusing
perfect continuous
Iwould have been refusing
youwould have been refusing
he, she, itwould have been refusing
wewould have been refusing
youwould have been refusing
theywould have been refusing

Imperative

present
(you)refuse!
(we)let's refuse!
(you)refuse!

Subjunctive

present
Irefuse
yourefuse
he, she, itrefuse
werefuse
yourefuse
theyrefuse
past
Irefused
yourefused
he, she, itrefused
werefused
yourefused
theyrefused
past perfectAlso known as:
pluperfect subjunctive
Ihad refused
youhad refused
he, she, ithad refused
wehad refused
youhad refused
theyhad refused
future
Ishould refuse
youshould refuse
he, she, itshould refuse
weshould refuse
youshould refuse
theyshould refuse

*Blue letters in conjugations are irregular forms. (example)
*Red letters in conjugations are exceptions to the model. (example)

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