make up



WordReference Collins English Usage © 2020
comprise
‘comprise’
You say that something comprises particular things when you are mentioning all its parts.
The village's facilities comprised one public toilet and two telephones.
‘be composed of’ and ‘consist of’
You can also say that something is composed of or consists of particular things. There is no difference in meaning.
The body is composed of many kinds of cells, such as muscle, bone, nerve, and fat.
The committee consists of scientists and engineers.
*
Be careful
Don't use a passive form of consist of. Don't say, for example, ‘The committee is consisted of scientists and engineers’.
‘constitute’
Constitute works in the opposite way to the verbs just mentioned. If a number of things or people constitute something, they are the parts or members that form it.
Volunteers constitute more than 95% of The Center's work force.
‘make up’
Make up can be used in either an active or passive form. In its active form, it has the same meaning as constitute.
Women made up two-fifths of the audience.
In its passive form, it is followed by of and has the same meaning as be composed of.
All substances are made up of molecules.
Nearly half the Congress is made up of lawyers.
Be careful
Don't use a progressive form of any of these verbs. Don't say, for example, ‘The committee is consisting of scientists and engineers’.
'make up' also found in these entries (note: many are not synonyms or translations):
Advertisements
Advertisements
Report an inappropriate ad.