form and basic uses
Have got is often used in conversation and in less formal writing with the same meaning as have.
I have got three children.
You have got a problem.
Have got, has got, and had got are not usually pronounced in full. When you write down what someone says, you usually write 've got, 's got, or 'd got.
I've got her address.
He's got a beard now.
They'd got a special grant from the Institute.
Have got is not used in formal written English, and is less common in American English than British English. The -ed participle for all the meanings below is got (not gotten) in both British and American English.
You cannot use have got for all meanings of have. You use it when you are talking about a situation or state, but not when you are talking about an event or action. For example, you say ‘I’ve got a new car', but not ‘I’ve got a bath every morning'.
Have got is usually used in the present tense. You don't usually use have got in future or past forms. Instead, you use have.
Will you have time to eat before you go?
I had a cold and couldn't decide whether to go to work.
Have got is most commonly used to talk about possession, relationships, and qualities or features.
I've got a very small house.
She's got two sisters.
He's got a lovely smile.
It's a nice town. It's got a beautiful cathedral.
You often use have got to talk about illnesses.
Sam's got measles.
I've got an awful headache.
You also use have got to talk about the availability of something.
Come in and have a chat when you've got time.
I think we've got an enormous amount to offer.
You can use have got with a noun phrase to mention a future event that you will be involved in.
I've got a date.
I've got an appointment at the dentist's.
You can use have got with a noun phrase and an -ing form to mention an event that you have arranged or that will affect you.
I've got two directors flying out first class.
I've got some more people coming.
You use have got with a noun phrase and a to-infinitive to say that there is some work that you must do.
I've got some work to do.
She's got the house to clean.
In negative sentences, not goes between have and got, and is almost always shortened to n't.
He hasn't got a moustache.
I haven't got much money.
American speakers do not always use this form. Often they use the auxiliary verb do, followed by not and have. Not is usually shortened to n't.
I don't have a boyfriend.
I'm bored. I don't have anything to do.
In questions, you put the subject between have and got.
Have you got enough money for a taxi?
I'd like a drink. What have you got?
American speakers do not always use this form. Instead they use the auxiliary verb do, followed by the subject and have. Some British speakers also use do and have.
Do you have her address?
What kind of cakes do you have?